Medieval Art History, Week 4
Medieval Art History, Week 4 ART 483, Art History
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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Mason on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 483, Art History at Fort Hays State University taught by Erica Bittel in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Medieval Art History in Art at Fort Hays State University.
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Date Created: 03/01/16
Feb. 8 , 2016 Medieval Art – Chapter 2: Early Christian Period Continued… Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, (interior view), 432440, Rome Infancy of Christ o (Left side Triumphal Arch) Annunciation – Gabriel comes to Mary and tells her she will be impregnated with the Holy Spirit o Magi – “Circus Clowns” (lower panel) o The seeking of Christ by Herod and the magi (right side) o Bethlehem (lower) o Mary and Joseph visit the temple o (Left) Herod – slaughter of innocence – where he gets worried and orders all male children under two to be killed o Council of Ephesus What is the nature of Mary? Coronation of the Virgin from the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (detail), 432 440, mosaic, Rome Theotokos – Mother of God Christokos – Birthgiver of Christ Video – Santa Maria Maggiore Youtube.com Mausoleum of Galla Placidia (exterior view), ca. 425, Ravenna, Italy o Daughter of Theodosius I o Textbook pg. 33 Oratory – small chapel used for private worship o Originally connected to the narthrax of the church next to it o Galla Placidia originally had it commissioned Plan and crosssection of the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, ca. 425, Ravenna, Italy North façade and entrance of the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, ca. 425, Ravenna, Italy Lite by 14 small windows Mausoleum of Galla Placidia (vault mosaic), ca. 430, Ravenna, Italy o Over 800 stars o Four evangelists St. Matthew – Angel or human figure St. Mark – Lion with wings representation St. Luke – Ox with wings St. John – Eagle o Spandrel mosaic Lunette mosaic (The Good Shepherd) from Galla Placidia, ca. 430, Ravenna, Italy o Halo o Purple mantel over golden robe o Staff now a cross Lunette mosaic (St. Lawrence) from the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, ca. 430, Ravenna, Italy o Hurrying to a grated fire o Roman decane o Martyred on a grate o Books in cabinet – Matthew, Mark, Luke, John th Feb. 10 , 2016 Medieval Art – Chapter 2: Early Christian Period Continued… Mausoleum of Galla Placidia (interior view of mosaics and sarcophagi), ca. 430, Ravenna, Italy o It is highly unlikely that Galla Placidia and relatives were buried here o Believed to be a Pagan tomb of a noble o Left and right tombs contained bones of two people Detail of the socalled Sarcophagus of Constantius III in the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, ca. 430, Ravenna, Italy The socalled Sarcophagus of Valentinian III in the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, ca. 430, Ravenna, Italy Baptistery of the Orthodox (exterior), late 4 century, remodeled in the mid5 th century, Ravenna, Italy o Dome mosaic – depicts the baptism of Christ in the middle – outside are the 12 apostles o Stucco reliefs o Interior th Exam #1: Monday, March 7 Writing Assignment on Blackboard Feb. 12 , 2016 Medieval Art – Chapter 3: Early Byzantine Period Textbook pages 4574 In the year 330, Constantine made Byzantium, (renamed Constantinople) the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire o The city flourished with political power, military strength, and economic prosperity – the center of a brilliant civilization o The 5 6 centuries were known as a “Golden Age” o Today we refer to this era and civilization as Byzantine The Byzantine Empire was certainly a Christian state, but paganism remained influential in the arts o The Christian Church was led by 5 patriarchs who resided in Alexandria, Jerusalem, Antioch, Constantinople, and Rome o Council of Calcedon in 451 Decided that the patriarch of Constantinople was 2 in authority, with only the Pope in Rome as his superior Land walls of Constantinople built by Theodosius III, 412413 o The Golden Gate Emperor Justinian I ruled the Eastern Empire from 527565 o Justinian was known for his extensive territorial expansion and military success, along with a new synthesis of GrecoRoman and Christian culture o Authoritarian approach to government Nika Riot = a period of civil unrest in 532 that resulted in the burning of several important religious and imperial buildings (Nika means conquer) o Justinian also took a leading role in shaping church policy As a defender of Christian Orthodoxy, he fought to eliminate GrecoRoman paganism and competing Christian sects o In foreign policy, Justinian sought to recover religions that were lost to foreign invaders Launched one of the most aggressive military programs in medieval history Restored Ravenna’s status as a capital in Italy o By Justinian’s death in the year 565 the empire bordered nearly the entire Mediterranean Sea o Foreign policy was paralleled by reforms in state taxation and legislation, and the writing of the Corpus of Civil Law, a text now known as the Justinian Code o Justinian’s reign is further characterized by an exceptional record of architectural and production Endeavored to remake the ancient capital founded by Constantine the Great 324 Architectural efforts were documented in the treatise “On the Buildings” written by the court historian Procopius The rebuilding of Hagia Sophia from 532537 Anthemius > Isidorus = architects of the Hagia Sophia o The portable arts also flourished during the age of Justinian Silk production Introduced to Byzantine lands from China Icon painting
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