New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

PSY: 11-020 M,W,F

by: Lydia Szlasa

PSY: 11-020 M,W,F 11-022

Lydia Szlasa
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
GPA 3.73
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for General Psychology

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive General Psychology notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Here are all of the class notes from week: February 15th-22nd. Enjoy!
General Psychology
James Jackson
Class Notes
Psychology with Professor Jackson




Popular in General Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lydia Szlasa on Tuesday March 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 11-022 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by James Jackson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.

Similar to 11-022 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania


Reviews for PSY: 11-020 M,W,F


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/01/16
General Psychology 11 - 020 Instructor:  James  Jackson     2:00PM  -­‐  2:50PM   Academic  Forum  200   Kutztown  University       As  you  all  know,  we  just  had  our  first  Exam;  I  recently  joined  Studysoup  and  I   will  begin  with  posting  what  we  are  currently  learning  in  class  and  notes  on   each  chapter  starting  now.  If  anyone  should  need  notes  on  previous  material   covered  before  in  class,  feel  free  to  email  me  and  I’d  be  happy  to  post  that   material  as  well.  I  hope  this  help     Notes  from  class:  February  15  2016:  Biology  part  of   Psychology   o Overtime,  psychologists  have  studied  &  collected  data  on  brain   diseases,  brain  injuries  and  how  everything  you  do  can  affect  the  3  lb.   organ  in  your  skull.  (Biology  part  of  Psychology)     o Example  of  brain  injury:  Concussion   o As  you  get  older,  your  reactions  to  the  environment  grow  faster  and   become  more  effective.  For  Example:     o When  you  feed  an  infant  something  that  is  too  hot,  their   reaction  isn’t  to  spit  it  out;  saliva  will  build  up  and  it  will  fall   out  of  their  mouth.  Their  reactions  for  food/objects  that  are   too  hot  aren’t  as  quick  because  their  body  has  not  developed   that  sense  of  reaction/reflex  yet.   o Nervous  System:   o Central  Nervous  System:  Processes,  interprets,  stores   information;  issues  orders  to  muscles,  glands   § Brain-­‐     § Spinal  Chord-­‐  bridge  between  brain  and  peripheral   nerves   o Peripheral  Nervous  System   § Somatic-­‐  controls  skeletal  muscles   § Autonomic-­‐  regulates  glands,  blood  vessels,  internal   organs   • Sympathetic-­‐mobilizes  body  for  action,  energy   output   • Parasympathetic-­‐  conserves  energy,  maintains   quiet  state   o Then  we  watched  a  Ted  talk     o ideo_games?language=en     th February  17  2016:     • Review:  Peripheral  Nervous  System:  Handles  the  central  nervous  systems   input  and  output.   o Somatic  Nervous  System   o Cast  nine  –Ted  Talk     o We  have  the  technology  to  change  strands  of  DNA     § Cross  breeding  humans  w/  animals  (that’s  crazy!)   • Reflects:  Innate  vs.  Learned  Reflexes   o Ex:  duckling;  survival  methods   o Fight  or  flight-­‐  biological  response   o Innate:  developmentally  fixed  &  Learned:  modified  by  experience     • Question  (T  or  F):  Peripheral  controls  reflexes:  FALSE   • The  brain’s  communication  specialists,  transmit  information  from  and  in  the   central  nervous  system.     • Glial  cells-­‐  these  cells  provide  the  neurons  w/nutrients;  insulate  them,   protect  brain  from  toxic  agents  and  remove  cellular  debris  when  neurons  die.     • Structure  of  a  Neuron:     o Dendrites:  receive  info  from  other  neurons  &  transmit  messages   toward  the  cell  body.     o Cell  body:  keeps  the  neuron  alive  &  determines  whether  it  should  fire.     o Axon:  transmits  messages  away  from  the  cell  body  to  other  neurons   or  to  muscles  or  glands.   • Afferent  Nerves:   o Transmitters  of  nerve  impulses  toward  the  CNS,  also  known  as   sensory  nerves   • Generating  the  message:  Neural  Impulse   o Ions:  charged  particles     o Inside  Neuron-­‐negatively  charged   o Outside  Neuron-­‐  Positively  charged     • Resting  Potential-­‐  the  state  of  a  neuron  when  not  firing  a  neural  impulse     • Action  Potential-­‐  release  of  neural  impulse  consisting  of  a  reversal  of  the   electrical  charge  w/in  the  axon.     o Allows  (+)  sodium  ions  to  enter  cell.     • All-­‐or-­‐none:  referring  to  the  fact  that  a  neuron  either  fires  completely  or   doesn’t  fire  at  all.     • Return  to  resting  Potential   o Question:  Which  part  of  a  neuron  is  tree-­‐like  or  branchy?   § Answer:  Dendrites     • Myelin  Sheath:     o A  fatty  material  that  may  surround  the  axon  of  neuron   o Prevents  signals  in  adjacent  cells  from  interfering  w/each  other     o Speeds  up  the  conduction  of  neural  impulses.     o Complex  cortex-­‐  the  region  of  the  cerebral  cortex  concerned  with   receiving  and  interpreting  sensory  information  from  various  parts  of   the  body.   o “Whatever  it  is  your  smoking,  know  where  it’s  coming  from.”   § Moderation  is  key   § Be  careful     § We  do  NOT  know  the  cause  of  Multiple  Sclerosis     • Multiple  Sclerosis  is  an  unpredictable,  often  disabling  disease  of  the  central   nervous  system  that  disrupts  the  flow  of  information  within  the  brain.  It   affects:   § Demyelinating  Disease     § Autoimmune  disease     § Communication  of  the  brain   • Neurogenesis-­‐  production  of  new  neurons  from  immature  stem  cells.   o Stem  cells-­‐  immature  cells  that  renew  themselves  &  have  the  potential   to  develop  into  mature  cells.       February  19  2016:   • The  Birth  of  Neurons   o Review:  Neurogenesis:  production  of  new  neurons  from  immature   cells     § Immature  cells  that  renew  have  the  potential  to  develop  into   mature  cells     o Embryonic  Stem  Cells  can  differentiate  into  any  kind  of  human  cell.     § Ex:  human  heart     • In  recent  years,  scientists  have  successfully  reprogrammed  cells  from  adult   organs,  notably  skin  cells,  to  become  stem  cells.  These  are  called  “induced   pluripotent  stem  (IPS)”  cells.     • Patient-­‐  advocacy  groups  hope  that  transplanted  stem  cells  will  eventually   help  people  recover  from  diseases  of  the  brain,  damage  to  the  spinal  cord  &   other  parts  of  the  body.         • How  neurons  communicate:     o Axon  Terminals  release  neurotransmitters  from  synaptic  vesicles   o Neurotransmitters  enter  synapse   o Neurotransmitters  bind  to  receptors  until  they  fit;  terms:     § Glutamate  (sugar)-­‐  cognition,  learning  memory   § Norepinephrine-­‐  provides  accurate  assessment  of  danger  in   stressful  situations       § Epinephrine-­‐  metabolism,  attention,  focus,  stress,  fear,  etc.   § Acetylcholine-­‐  triggers  muscle  contraction,  controls  heartbeat,   stimulates  hormones.   § Serotonin-­‐  mood,  depression,  temperature     February  22  2016     • Realms  of  Sleep:   o Stage  1-­‐  feel  self  drifting  on  the  edge  of  consciousness   o Stage  2-­‐  minor  noises  won’t  disturb  you;  sleep  spindles  occur     o Stage  3-­‐  breathing  &  pulse  have  slowed  down;  delta  waves  occur   o Stage  4-­‐  Deep  sleep;  most  activity  is  delta  waves   o REM:  increased  eye  movement,  loss  of  muscle  tone;  dreaming     § Can’t  wake  up/  aware  of  surroundings  but  can’t  move   • Class  discussion  on  dream/nightmare  experiences                                                


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.