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Legal Aspects Env Tox

by: Christelle Krajcik III

Legal Aspects Env Tox ETX 138

Christelle Krajcik III
GPA 3.55

George Alexeeff

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George Alexeeff
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christelle Krajcik III on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ETX 138 at University of California - Davis taught by George Alexeeff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see /class/191963/etx-138-university-of-california-davis in Environmental Toxicology at University of California - Davis.

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Date Created: 09/09/15
ETX 138 2013 Midterm Preparation Sheet STUDY GUIDE FOR ETX 138 MIDTERM The midterm is worth 150 points 25 ofthe course grade No notes or books can be consulted during the exam You will be required to answer a variety of the questions below and one analytical question There are two types of analytical questions they are described below in questions 9 and 10 Be sure to spell out all acronyms This question focuses on Federal and State government laws and regulations in general Understand how the public can access information from the State and Federal Government Know the length of the legislative session in California Know and be able to order the steps for the rulemaking process in California Name different types of laws and who enacts each type Understand different types of peer review agocsr 2 This question focuses on the National Environmental Policy Act NEPA and the California Environmental Quality Act CEQA a Describe the incident that ultimately lead to the adoption of NEPA b Summarize what federal agencies must do under NEPA and what is not required from federal agencies under NEPA c When must an EIS be prepared Identify the items that have to be included in an EIS d What is the Council on Environmental Quality and what are its responsibilities e Give two examples of actions that are functionally equivalent to CEQA f Name the items that have to be included in an EIR 3 This question focuses on the federal govemment s efforts to address the problem of air pollution through the Clean Air Act and subsequent amendments a Describe an incident that led to enactment of the Clean Air Act b What does the term NAAQS mean and provide an example c Describe a chemical regulated as an NAAQS its health effects and the scientific basis for the standard d What are the differences between primary and secondary air quality standards e Describe five improvements to the Clean Air Act in the 1977 amendments f Name the criteria air pollutants g Describe 3 items that would be included in a SIP h Explain the different types of particulate matter i Describe a regulation adopted to implement the Clean Air Act j Know the 1990 amendments to the Clean Air Act k What are NESHAPs This question focuses on Califomia s efforts to address the problem of air pollution What is an APCD and what are their responsibilities Describe the steps in adopting a CAAQS What factors have to be addressed to protect children when revising substances subject to the Toxic Air Contaminant TAC Act Describe the two major bills that have been adopted to address climate change What organizations are primarily responsible for implementing the CAAQS and the TAC laws 969 00 ETX 138 2013 Midterm Preparation Sheet 5 Regarding the federal govemment s efforts to address the problem of water pollution through the CWA and the SDWA and their amendments answering the following a Describe the incident that led to the adoption of the CWA b Give 5 examples of pollution defined under the CWA c What is nonpoint source pollution and give two examples d Describe five activities used to implement the CWA e What Federal agency is responsible for implementing the CWA f What does TMDL stand for How is a TMDL calculated What does a state have to do to establish TMDL g Describe two chemicals regulated by the SDWA and their health effects 6 Regarding Califomia s efforts to address the problem of water pollution through the California SDWA and the California WQCA answer the following a Describe the term PHG and the process for developing a PHG b Describe the term MCL and the process for developing an MCL c Using hexavalent chromium or perchlorate as an example describe the status of evaluating the chemical for an up to date MCL d What does SWRCB stand for and what are the duties of SWRCB e Give an example of a TMDL and the health impact being addressed 7 Describe Proposition 65 by answering the following questions a What health effects are addressed under Proposition 65 b What are the four ways a chemical can be listed under Proposition 65 c What Agency is responsible for implementing Proposition 65 d Why have regulations been adopted to implement Proposition 65 e Describe a regulation adopted under Proposition 65 f What are the five authoritative bodies under Proposition 65 8 We have discussed a variety of chemicals and how the science behind these chemicals informs the regulation For each major environmental law covered in class name one chemical discussed in class and how the science shaped the development of the regulation Examples Ozone PM hexavalent chromium TCE perchlorate etc ETX 138 2013 Midterm Preparation Sheet Analytical Questions One of the following analytical questions will be on the exam 50 points You will be provided a bill proposing to amend state law similar to the homework assignment and asked to analyze the bill language Note the exact questions are subject to change based on the bill chosen a Summarize the bill s intent 5 points b What state laws that we discussed in class may be affected by the bill State the purpose of the law Spell out acronyms 10 points c List two speci c nongovemmental organizations likely to be in favor of the bill 10 points d List two arguments against the bill 10 points e What potential health or environmental effects of concern may be addressed by the bill 10 points f Indicate whether it should be signed or vetoed and why from a scientific perspective That is what is the major scientific argument that results in the decision on the bill 5 points You will be given a news article or federal register notice which you will be required to analyze Note the exact questions are subject to change based on the alticle or notice chosen a Summarize the main issues discussed in the article 10 points b Describe a specific state or federal law that we covered in class related to the content of the article In addition to naming the law spelling out any acronyms state the purpose of the law 10 points c List two specific nongovemmental organizations not mentioned in the article likely to be in favor or opposed to conclusions of the article 10 points d What is the potential health effect or environmental impacts of concern mentioned in the article Is it valid from a scientific perspective 10 points e Describe the regulatory process that the chemical likely would have undergone to become part of a regulation 10 points l A 2012 ETX 138 Final Questions Study Guide The nal is worth 180 points As indicated after the midterm the nal may be weighted more if it improves your score for the class No notes or books can be consulted during the exam You will be required to answer questions on lecture material the student poster presentations and an analytical question 910 You will also be required to answer one question regarding the student presentations question 1 Please note that information from the student presentations and the analytical question may also include questions regarding material presented before the midterm Be sure to spell out ALL acronyms Answer the following guestion regarding the poster presentations presentations were prepared on 11 topics 5 ofthese will be posted on the class website You will be provided 3 ofthe 5 topics on the final exam Choose one of the three topics but not your own and answer the following questions Note the exact questions are subject to change once the specific presentations are chosen a Provide a brief overview of the topic b Briefly describe one ofthe laws that we discussed in class and is covered by the presentation and its purpose c Briefly describe a regulation discussed in the poster including its current status d Give a chemical or substance discussed in the presentation and its health andor environmental effects I next several questions relate to the FDA FDC Act of 1938 and related laws a Describe what happened the chemicas involved the incident which lead to enactment ofthe FDC Act of1938 b List the ve requirements of the original FDC Act of1938 c What is the Delaney Clause d What is the GRAS list e Describe what happened with Thalidomide f Name each agency and what area they enforce g What is the FSPTCA Who oversees this and how h For three categories of products describe how FDA regulates them and identify an example that falls within each category i Explain how tolerances are established for non cancer effects That is what information is needed how is it used and the type of answer do you get Describe an example j Explain what is required under the Food Safety Modernization Act The next several questions relate to the FIFRA and its amendments a De ne what a pesticide is give a speci c example of a pesticide and indicate why it is classified as a pesticide b What two laws did the FQPA of 1996 amend c List 5 different federal laws that regulate pesticides d Describe 4 new regulatory requirements of the FQPA of 1996 e Explain the difference between aggregate and cumulative risk assessment f describe the complementary roles ofthe USEPA and the USFDA regarding the regulation of pesticides a What are the two federal organizations that implement federal OSHA and in which departments are they located b What is ACGIH what values do they develop and how are the ACGIH values related to the current OSHA standards 0 Describe the 5 requirements for employers under OSHA d What was the benzene decision and how did it affect OSHA standard settin e What is significant risk under OSHA How does it compare to significant risk under Proposition 65 following questions have to do with the laws referred to as RCRA and CERCLA a What does the acronym RCRA stand and what does the law regulate b Describe five ofthe major provisions of RCRA c What is required oftreatment storage and disposal facilities under RCRA d What are USTs Name three requirements e Name three chemicals that present a problem with regards to LUST f What do the acronyms CERCLA and SARA stand for and what do the laws dorequire g What is the incident that led to the passage of CERCLA and SARA respectively h Name four of the nine basic elements of CERCLA i Name several things involved in a Superfund site evaluation j What is EPCRA and name the four elements of the law k Give an example ofa local Superfund site homework The following questions have to do with TSCA a Describe the incident what happened when it happened chemicals involved and any factors that were important to its impact contributed to the passage of TSCA and what is the intent of TSCA b Give 5 of the elements of TSCA c What is a premanufacture notification and what are the notification elements d What is a SNUR e What is the high production volume chemical challenge plan following questions have to do with The Endangered Species Act ESA and the California Endangered Species Act CESA a Who administers The Endangered Species Act b What does the ESA attempt to protect c What earlier law combatted traf cking wildlife d De ne endangered threatened and critical habitat e How did DDT affect endangered species f Name several factors contributing to sh extinction g What is CESA and who administers it h What is taking and how does the Federal ESA and CESA de ne it differently i What is the name of the Act added to CESA in 1991 and what is its purpose and what provisions does it outline j Name one endangered species and the potential reasons for being threatened or extinct


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