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by: Sallie Lind PhD


Sallie Lind PhD
GPA 3.84

John Wott

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John Wott
Class Notes
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This 68 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sallie Lind PhD on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ESRM 331 at University of Washington taught by John Wott in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see /class/192018/esrm-331-university-of-washington in Environmental Science and Resource Management at University of Washington.

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Date Created: 09/09/15
eIlLESRM 331 Plant Recognition Sarah Reichard John Wott Aline Sommargren Riz Reyes v7 7 ar Iants lntroduction to plant morphology Introduction to nomenclature what is in 71 name What do we do in this class gascular Plants lem water carrying stem tissues and Phloem nutrient and carbohydrate carrying stem tissues plants are vascular plants Ferns conifers and angiosperms a vascular plants j Mosses and algae are not a A Gymnosperms Naked Seeds borne on open surfaces cones Male and female structures are separate 1 l quot rGymnosperms Naked Seeds II s fifeeds borne on open surfaces cones 139 Male and female structures are separate malefemale cones on open surfaces cones female structures are separate ff39f r nialefemale39 cones Mostly wind pollinated Mostly evergreen leaves firngiosperms Enclosed Seeds u are borne in fruits matured flower ovaries angiisperms Enclosed Seeds borne in fruits matured flower Male and female structures are usually together in flowers Insect bird bat wind pollinated Deciduous and evergreen leaves Monocots and Dicots W coyledons Monocots One seed leaf cotyledon Leaf veins parallel ln e seed leaf cotyledon 26 Leaf veins parallel Flower parts in 3 s v ed ons Dicots seed leaves Leaves net veined Flowers parts in 43 and 5s and structure of plants size shape of plants Leaves size shape veins margins etc Bark color texture Flowers parts color placement Fruit type Und Leaves Types of Leaves Rachis Lea ets Palmately Compound Leaf Pinnately Compound Leaf Lobes vs Leaves Pinnately lobed Palmately lobed AwIshaped leaves Scalelike leaves Conifer Leaves F i I J laquot r I r V n w 39 1 y Needlelike leaves Linear leaves Leaf Arrangement Whorled Leaves Elllplhll 3mm g gunmanm Discard Dblmg Linear 3 Fannie Cun la Hani arm Ham arse awouf Ramon TR milGATE Aumcuxm Com4T1 CLWEATE WED mimer J A Gimn HASTATE 4 39 Ssr rulam Baum Sarrale mum ws Pubescentha Other terms 5 the point of attachment for a leaf Terminalaxillary arrangement of flowers on stem 39 2003f arthewlessi V Flowers Petal V stamen culledwe y arm a sepa mummy C513 periamh r Unisexual flowers D two OECIOUS house plant MON one eupe orova es x quot ovary below the other flower l feriorsuperior ovaries lnferior ovary below the other flower pans Superior ovary sits on top of other flower parts scence Types raceme 36 J95 Solitary Fwers Compound raceme Fruit types Fleshy Fruit Types limit Types and Dehiscent Legume Capsule r 39 nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn N Types nd indehiscent pericarp oneseeded EIIL Armsmg 2002 pericarp containing seed wing Ailanthus tree of heaven Acer maple a single samara a double samara Samara a winged achene l Achene long strings 39 descriptive words Little sense of relationships May 1 1753 Species Plantarum published Established binomial system of naming U M x iii assificati39on a cation v iife rap39hyt a Classification 3 lsa n tae Coniiferaphyta 1397 Coniferopsida Classification l an tae i0n Coniferaphyta Coniferopsida Order Coniferales fLIaISis Coniferopsida Order Coniferales Family Cupressaceae quotIan t Classification Class Coniferopsida Order Coniferales Family Cupressaceae Genus Thuja Species are they road group of plants with common Characteristics one or more genera Ends in aceae pronounced as if spelling the word ace Seven conserved families use ae as an alternative Asteraceae Compositae x Are They Defined as a more or less closely related and definable group of organisms plants comprising one or more species Plural is genera The species have more characteristics in common with each other than they do species of other genera in the same A genus may contain a single cl Ginkgo or more than 100 quot In Ividual organisms plants that are fundamentally alike A species should be separated by distinct morphological differences from other closely related species All the individuals in a given species identical Think of it as a population i any character might be expressed to degrees in each individual I gspecies subsp or ssp glauca 7 Iltiaari4ety var glauca Forma f glauca Cultivated variety Cultivar Common Name ouglsasfir rids quotetween two species genera or i f ifi c categories may occur in the or intentionally Hybrids are may be written as Populus tremuloides XP alba Platanus Xacerifolia XFatshedera Iizei it mean Iewisii named after ther Lewis sitchensis first described from a specimen from Sitka Alaska lewisii named after ri wether Lewis sitchensis first described from a specimen from Sitka Alaska Pinus albicaulis albi white caul leaf n tific names are binomial genus and species After the first reference to a genus it can be abbreviated to a letter P eized Family and Genus are capitalized species is not quotAuthor namesquot may be included acuminata L Latinized words to the species Pseudotsuga menziesii subsp glauca or ssp glauca Quercus garryana var breweri of N omenclatu re varieties cultivar are genotypes selected for desirable traits Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 39Glauca39 C lawsoniana cv Glauca o 2 Fl CD G 01 0 lt 3 Q 3 D D O O E Q 3 O 6 5 Q 13 Latinized must use fancy Genista pilosa Vancouver tsaxa with cedar regional differences mile a minute plant Learning scientific names is fun not that hard and allows specific communication Alli evolutionary relationships morphology The naming of plants follows certain based on the work of Linnaeus i CS 301 the rest outside every class time rain or shine accordingly Use the web page Additional books may be helpful e Mechanics e Mr ifttaen midterm next Tuesday plant identification midterms each 10 Makeup tests nearly impossible Quizzes every two weeks total 105 Lowest one dropped Final on campus 60 Spelling counts a Lzarn what the scientific names mean Use the Washington Park Arboretum to review with friends Use the web page and the links Hyde Herbarium your own herbarium Special collection available to you 9 Class website has link Try to identify the parts of the leaf and see what term best fits the shape leaf arrangement margin etc Come on Thursday prepared for field day


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