SOCIAL PROBLEMS SOC 270
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Zelda Parker on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 270 at University of Washington taught by Alexes Harris in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see /class/192043/soc-270-university-of-washington in Sociology at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 09/09/15
Joseph Kim SOC 270 Section AG N E Soc 270 Study Guide Social Structures Characteristics of groups operate as forces that in uence our behavior part of society norm rule institution Research Methods Survey statistical analysis experiments participant observation and interviews focus groups Survey Research Questionnaire or interview thru sample of population Statistical Analysis Of cial records independent and dependent variables test of signi cance statistical method Experiments Manipulation of one or more variables pre amp post test Frank Gilliam explore race and media at mall Participant Observation Observe a setting eld notes descriptiveexploratory Social Problems Contradict pattern of behavior and is de ned as incompatible with desired quality of life is caused by factors that operate at multiple levels of social life involve intergroup con icts require social action Social Problems Theory An approach that contains broad assumption about how society work with direction to look for causes of social problems Theoretical Perspectives Social Constructionist Structural Functionalist Con ict Theory and Symbolic Interactionist Constructionist How particular conditions and issues come be widely accepted as problematic no universal condition is inherently bad and rather conditions are labeled as bad View Social problems arise as people de ne conditions as undesirable participant pursues acts and interactions and process of such activities thru time Two Issues Whether condition is de ned as a social problem and the ways the beliefs about particular problem become accepted ii I 2 r39 Problems Some social problems emphasized over others fear of crime and domestic violence Modes of Investigation Types of claims counter claims how claimmakers organize document how claims gain authority and examine how soc problems formalize 3 Social problems get de ned addressed or ignored as a result of socially 1nte preted realities Structural Functionalist Views problems as involving a system of interdependent part parts are interrelated and exert pressure to maintain system contribute to well being of society as a whole quot Biological organism and parts of the body Solidarityfeelings of relationshipstrust to maintain soc order 39 Theory of differential access and value of achievement Manifest Function Intended purpose of social change EX US business comp Latent Function Unexpected consequence of social change lower wages T 1998 look I structures amp inst world comp and Reagan Admin Victimization and crime thru collective ef cacy so low cr1me structural functionalism x m1 w 4 V39 Critique Consensus is not societywide individual special needs and interests con ict Con ict Perspective Contradictory interests and inequalities between soc groups con ict and change Strati cation System The pattern of inequality of wealth power and prestige that exists in all societies quot Power and privilege more want to maintain and less equalize Solutions reestablish a consensus or change system Critique Emphasis economic factors ignores other divisions people passive objects stable elements of society Symbolic Interactionist How people learn attitudes amp behaviors may or may not de ne situations as problems and people s meanings amp perceptions 39 39 Meaning thru interaction close observational work understanding underlying forms of human patterns Four Key Foci Humans are symbol manipulating process amp emergence social world is interactive underlying patterns of social life Critique Ignores social structure Strati cation system power and history 9 Codes of the Street stigma of how to act on the streets Juvenile Justice is a social problem cause harm done to society objective and breaks norms subjective Juvenile Justice System Eliminate stigmatization idea could rehabilitate youth more malleable than adults Juvenile Crime Why young people engage in delinquency how they learn to become deviant focus on mediastereotype image and position in society Key Terms 1 Incorrigible Don t mind parents 2 Delinquent any behavior prohibited by juvenile law 3 Status offender an act of delinquency that would not be considered crime by adult 4 Petition Document that state allegation of juvenile and required to adjudication 5 Jurisdiction authority granted by law to hear a case 6 Adjudication trial 7 Disposition sentence Person Offenses assault robbery rape homicide against a person Trends no racial difference in of committed murders aggregated itotal vs proportion to population Time of Day 3pm on school days and late night on weekends for rearms but since 1994 decrease in murder Also in 2004 court delinquency was 4 times since 1960 Gangs US IranContra Affair 7 Columbian based cocaine US support rebels war in Nicaragua Cont narcotics trafficking provision of assistance and payments to drug traf cking Symbolic Labeling Theory g r Marijuana process and how one can take on new identity thru society and inst1tutlons cause you internalize label Functionalist Social Disorganization Theory collective ef cacy not due to de cient people but caused by disorganization and social change overwhelmed society 39 i eu39w n Drugs and Minorities increased punitiveness and of AA ma es under supervision Con ict Theory society w con ict values state 7 represent powerfulruling class punishment on extralegal variables seX ethnicity and attorney l r d1 Sui ler mm 0 O B E o H l B O E 4 39lt E quot1 D a Urban Poverty and Inequality Wilson increase concentration social dislocations truly disadvantaged and Anderson structural failure in communities Framework racial inequality gt urban underclass gt official populationgt increase social control Variables reason for referral detention disposition age race seX offenses Control Variables concentration of resource deprivation underclass racial inequality of dimension and wealth inequality Summary symbolic interactions symbols labeling identity structural social disorganization and con ict racial threat Penal Expansion massive increase in convictions in 1974 about 1 out of every 100 in jail Collateral Consequences family health neighborhood employment and earnings Family symbolic interactionist stigma loss of financial support interruption of school residential instability Health AIDStuberculosishepatitis and JohnsonRaphael Research Civil Incorporation loss of right to vote SSN financial aid and felon nt illion Dollar Blocks at least 1 mill to incarcerate a block 39 r chose whites over blacks for jobs m earnings not gaining any skills in jail as inmates get older Legal Deb1t monetary sanctions and LFO s court drug tests incarceration Washington state men drug offenses Latino opt for jury trial and interactions Disproportionally overrepresentation of group relative to that group in gen pop Disparity over select a racial or ethnic inequality results from criminal justice Causes of DnD 1 Differential crime commission rates arrest not crime 2 Structural racism over select blacks 3 Bias implicitunconscious Guest Speaker discussed community pressure roles of fairness disconnect between juvenile and criminal system and reality of offenders 7 con ict theory ethnicity and structural functionalist gen poverty symbolic interactionist how parts maintain a system
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