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Week 5

by: Tamara Girodie

Week 5 Psych 315

Tamara Girodie

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About this Document

Donald Trump The Motivation behind Reproduction Arousal Yerkes - Dodson Law
Christopher Magalis
Class Notes
Psychology, motivation, arousal, Trump, yerkes, Dodson, yerkes dodson law
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tamara Girodie on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 315 at Towson University taught by Christopher Magalis in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Motivation in Psychlogy at Towson University.

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Date Created: 03/02/16
Monday, February 29, 2016 Week 5 Reproduction - “Donald Trump, physically? Eww.” He has had many partners and wives, which appears to be disconnect in terms of • physical attraction. Perhaps the reason for this is because of his wealth of resources, which are biologically attractive for a long-term mate. • Higher cognitive ability —> Better opportunity to get resources Arousal - When waiting for a test grade, you tend to feel: anxious, shaking hands, overthinking, reservation, heart rate increases • These all are representations of arousal - Arousal: the activation that occurs before or during behavior • Can happen on different levels - Physiological: autonomic (heart rate increasing, tremors, etc.) - Psychological: peripheral, or outside of the central nervous system (overthinking, feeling scared) - Brain? : increased activity in the brain - Example: the game of Operation • when playing Operation with loud and distracting music, it can make it difficult to succeed as well as when there is no music - There is a good stress, a good type of worry. This can be a survival mechanism, ex: when stress gives you the energy and adrenaline to complete a task • Fight or flight behavior - Anxiety can be a form of motivation: it can produce goal directed behavior - Calm and anxiety produce differences in cortical activity - Arousal: activates and mobilizes motivated behavior 1 Monday, February 29, 2016 • NOTE: AROUSAL EXISTS ON A CONTINUUM, CALM —> AROUSED • Is a quality of motivated behavior - Arousal Theory: if you understand how changes in arousal occur, you’ll get a sense of what motivates behavior Motivation = Emotion = • Arousal • Yerkes - Dodson Law - Also known as the inverted U-shaped law - Explains that there is an optimal level of arousal for both complex tasks and simple tasks, which both exist on a parabolic curve - When we are not at the optimal level of arousal, then we are driven to get there (ex: if it’s too quiet, then you’ll put in headphones for music) - The ideal level of activation for difficult tasks is low, whereas for simple tasks is high. This is done in order to maintain physical and mental alertness to a certain level. - There is a caveat to this however. Some people are not necessarily as easily aroused, or are always overstimulated, as can be the case with autistic individuals. - Keep in mind, a different U shaped curve can be created for different tasks among an individual. - Based upon a person’s preference for easy tasks versus difficult tasks, the various resulting inverted U shapes can be correlated with certain personality traits. - Behavior never occurs in it of itself, but rather within context 2


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