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by: Miss Aracely Sporer


Miss Aracely Sporer
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Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miss Aracely Sporer on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHARM 500 at University of Washington taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see /class/192153/pharm-500-university-of-washington in Pharmaceutics at University of Washington.




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Date Created: 09/09/15
PHARM 500 Secondary Resources Terry Ann Jankowski MLS AHIP 7 Oct 2008 Lecture objective By the end of this lecture and with a little practice outside of class you will be able to Define secondary resources Identify key bibliographic databases used for finding primary literature to answer drug information questions Follow the 5 steps to search for primary literature on your drug information topic Change your search strategy when you retrieve too many or too few references Overview Secondary resources are pointers to primary literature They provide a description ofthe material often with an abstract summary so that you can find the original piece ofliterature This lecture focuses on bibliographic databases ie electronic secondary resources that describe and point to journal articles books book chapters conference proceedings etc Typical search results will be lists of references citations often with abstracts to these materials Many databases also provide links to the full text ofthe primary source or to places for locating the full text either online or in print format Databases There are literally hundreds of databases covering a wide variety of subjects and materials journal articles newspapers laws images from which to choose From the Pharmacist Toolkit httphealthlinkswashinqtonedupharmacist select More databases under Find Journals amp Articles to see a list of possible databases to use for finding articles relevant to pharmacy For the secondary resources assignment you are expected to use at PubMed covered in a future lecture and two other databases All ofthese databases are UW restricted which means you must either use them on campus or log in from offcampus Brief descriptions with information on how to print strategies and links to help with the mechanics of searching are provided below For any ofthese databases you can set up automatic email alerts to keep you posted about new materials More information about setting up these can be found on the Email Alerts help page httphealthinkswashingtoneduhowtoalertshtml Cochrane Library Produced by the Cochrane Collaboration an international nonpro t organization providing information about the effects of health care A collection of databases containing quality evidence to inform healthcare decisionmaking Databases include Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews CDSR Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects DARE Central Register of Controlled Trials Cochrane Methodology Assessment Database and the NHS Economic Evaluation Database Use to locate systematic reviews clinical trials and high quality evidence Searchable by keyword and MeSH terms Copy the search history into a text or Word le then print Note reviews in CDSR are indexed by PubMed Additional help is available at mpjwwwaintersciencewilevcomcdi binmrwhome106568753HELP Cochranehtml EMBA SE Use for research and clinical articles with emphasis on European and investigational literature lncludes literature on the effects and use of all drugs and potential drugs clinical and experimental aspects of pharmacokinetics pharmacodynamics side effects and adverse effects Especially good for natural products Searchable by author address keyword EMTREE controlled vocabulary drug names device names source etc Drug terms in the controlled vocabulary are the preferred generic name according to the WHO International Nonproprietary Nomenclature INN European spelling in the fulltext lnclude search history when printing or saving references OR copy the search history into a text or Word file then print If you save your search you can also print strategy from saved searches Complete database guide available at mpovidsptxovidcoms aovidwebcdiSHGMLFPAMADDDJBHCNC HLHGGJKJlOAAOOampDatabaseFieldGuidecurrent or by clicking on the information button in the Choose Databases screen Very limited number of concurrent users so do log off when you are done Web of Science Combines Science Citation Index Social Science Citation Index and Arts amp Humanities Index lncludes journal articles books and meeting abstracts Strength is citation searching ie taking a known reference and searching to see who has cited it Open search history and copy and paste to a le or print from browser If you save your search you can also print strategy from there Minitutorials and videos available at httpscienti cthomsoncomsupportrecordedtrainingwos BIOSIS Previews Covers all aspects of life sciences and indexes over 6000 journals lncludesjournal articles books book chapters meeting abstracts and patents Same interface as Web of Science Searchable by author keyword concept code taxonomic classi cation etc Additional instructions available from help button within databases Open search history and copy and paste to a le or print from browser If you save your search you can also print strategy from there Minitutorials and videos available at httpscienti cthomsoncomsupportrecordedtrainingbiosis Steps to Successful Database Searching Step 1 Identify key concepts and parameters of your search Take a few moments to determine and categorize the real question During your reference interview you asked probing questions to understand what the individual wants how quickly and how much information During that time you asked for clarification ofterms and set the parameters for finding the information they needed In getting ready to run the search make a list ofthe key concepts or pieces of the search In the question below key concepts are in boldface How effective is cinnamon for controlling blood sugar in diabetes In addition to these concepts identify other parameters of importance to you For example do you want only materials written in the English language V ll you accept letters to the editor or do you only want reports of clinical trials How far back in time will you search Are there speci c journals to include or exclude Populations eg female adolescents athletes etc to include or exclude Determining the key concepts and parameters ahead of time helps you approach your search in a more effective ef cient manner De ning your search also creates an awareness ofwhat you are including or excluding during the search process When you use a limit eg year or publication type in a database you both focus your search as well as exclude speci c items from your search And you may be relying on someone else s bias or interpretation ofthe literature Step 2 Select synonyms for each concept Make a list ofthe different ways of describing each concept Depending on the features of your chosen database you will have to use multiple ways of searching for the same concept Some databases eg PubMed will automatically translate your words into speci c keywords indexing terms subject headings or controlled vocabulary to help you nd articles regardless of words used by the author Others eg EMBASE will map your words to its subject headings when the appropriate box is checked And still others such as the Web of Science are literal and will only use the term in the exact form in which you type it Most databases offer the ability to truncate words using a wildcard character in order to nd variant forms eg diabet or diabet will retrieve diabetes as well as diabetic Truncation can turn off mapping or yield some interesting results depending on where you place the wildcard Step 3 Create a simple strategy linking your concepts The simplest way to combine concepts is to use Boolean operators such as AND OR and NOT depending on what you are trying to retrieve Each database will process the Boolean in a different order Review the order for your database before searching Often you can use parentheses just like in algebraic equations to force a certain processing order Diabetes and cinnamon or cinnamonum will yield different results than Diabetes and cinnamon or cinnamonum You may nd it most effective to search each term by itselfand combine the results later so you can reuse different sets in different combinations Other databases eg EMBASE also use positional operators ADJ or NEAR which let you place words next to each other or in the same sentence Again review the instructions for the specific database Step 4 Choose your database and run your search Select your database based on your knowledge of its contents and the parameters of your search Possible choices for this course are listed earlier in the notes and by using the databases list on Healthlinks Step 5 Review your results and change your search strategy when you get too many or too few hits A list oftips Improving Search Results can be found on HealthLinks at httphealthlinkswashinqtonedul quot iuhtml My favorites include Related articles most databases provide a link to nd related or similar articles It s a quick easy way to find more relevant articles The definition for related will vary among databases Cited reference searching nd other articles that cite a specific reference another form of relatednessquot Limits by year by publication type by search eld eg word in title of article Just keep in mind what you lose when you choose to focus a search in this way Use controlled vocabulary instead of natural language Keep in mind indexers are human and you may lose articles that aren t indexed correctly or haven t yet been indexed Concluding remarks Searching secondary resources is more of an art than a science You get the best retrieval when you use more than one approach and more than one database When you spend more than 15 minutes trying to locate information using a database that s the time to come ask for help We re the database experts you re the subject experts Together we can create a better search Work smart Save time Ask us


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