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by: Kurtis Spencer I


Kurtis Spencer I
GPA 3.56

Emily Bender

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Emily Bender
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kurtis Spencer I on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to LING 472 at University of Washington taught by Emily Bender in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see /class/192171/ling-472-university-of-washington in Linguistics at University of Washington.




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Date Created: 09/09/15
Ling 472 Section December 3 2003 Bill gave a puppy to John It bit him He gave it back to him Tree Search Step 1 Start at the NP for it Step 2 go up to the S Node X S and the path SNP Step 3 There are no branches to the left of node X so Step 4 go back to the previous tree Search in this order until you get to something that works for it S NP VP proper noun verb NP Step 1 Start at the NP for him Step 2 go up to the S Node X S and the path SVPNP Step 3 Traverse the nodes below X to the left of the path NP doesn t agree verb pronoun Nothing works Step 4 Traverse the previous tree in the same order as before This time stop at the first NP Bill At the third sentence Step 1 Start at the NP for he Step 2 go up to the S Step 3 There are no nodes to the left of this path Step 4 Look back the next sentence Traverse like so S NP doesn t agree VP pronoun verb NP The process for the pronoun it works just like him for the previous sentence but now it matches it or the puppy Discourse Coherence Let s establish the coherence of the following discourse and determine the pronoun reference while we re at it The discourse 1 John ate Bill s peaches 2 He went ballistic The general coherence axioms If one utterance results from another there s a coherence relation 3 Vei ej Resultei ej 3 CoherenceRelei ej If one utterance causes another that second one results from the rst 4 Vei ej causeei ej 3 Resultei ej Causation is transitive 5Ve1 e2 e3 causeei ej A causeej ek 3 causeei ek Real world axioms If somebody has peaches they want to eat them 6 Vei X y Haveei X y A Peachesy 3 Elej ek Wantej X ek A Eatek X y If somebody eats something that causes it to be gone 7 Vei X y Eatei X y 3 Elej Goneej y A causeei ej If something is gone that makes it impossible to eat it 8 Vei ej X y Goneei X A Eatej y X 3 Elek Impossibleek ej A causeei ek If 39 J wants quot 39 that s 39 quot 39 they go ballistic r 9 Vei ej X Wantei X ej A Impossibleej 3 Elek GoBallisticek X A causeej ek The content of the utterances themselves From 1 10 Eate1 John p A Peachesp A Haveez Bill p From 2 l l GoBallistice3 he Begin hypothesizing abduction Assume we have a Coherence relation 12 Coherencee1 e3 From 12 amp 3 we can hypothesize a Result relation 13 Resulte1 e3 From 13 amp 4 hypothesize that 1 caused 2 14 causee1 e3 Start making deductions From 10 amp 6 deduce that Bill wants to eat the peaches 15 Wante4 Bill e5 A Eate5 Bill p From 7 amp 10 deduce that the peaches are gone 16 Gonee5 p A causee1 e5 From 8 and 16 deduce that it is impossible for Bill to eat the peaches 17 Impossiblee7 e5 A causee5 e7 From 5 16 amp 17 deduce that John s eating the peaches caused it to be impossible for Bill to eat them 18 causee1 e7 From 9 15 amp 17 deduce that Bill goes ballistic 19 GoBallistice8 Bill A causee7 e8 From 5 18 amp 19 deduce that John s eating the peaches caused Bill to go Ballistic 20 causee1 e8 Ifwe replace he in 11 with Bill we can assert that e3 es and recast 19 21 GoBallistice3 Bill A causee1 e3 Which is proof of what we hypothesized establishing a coherence relation given a particular resolution for the pronoun he


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