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BIOL 244 Practice Test for Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels

by: Julia Lensch

BIOL 244 Practice Test for Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels BIOL 244

Marketplace > University of South Carolina > Biology > BIOL 244 > BIOL 244 Practice Test for Cardiovascular System Blood Vessels
Julia Lensch

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This practice test quizzes you on the cardiovascular system: blood vessels.
Human Anatomy and Physiology II
Dr. Anil Datt
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Lensch on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 244 at University of South Carolina taught by Dr. Anil Datt in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Human Anatomy and Physiology II in Biology at University of South Carolina.

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Date Created: 03/02/16
The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels Test 1) List the two elastic layers: ____________________________, _____________________________. 2) What are the three types of tissues? Tunica _______, tunica ________, and tunica _________. 3) What types of tissues are in each of these? Endothelium in Tunica ________. Smooth muscle and elastic fibers in Tunica _______. Collagen fibers in Tunica ________. 4) T/F, arteries have valves. 5) List three differences between arteries and veins: 1. ________________________________________________________________ 2. ____________________________________________________________________ 3. ____________________________________________________________________ 6) In the arterial system, blood goes through the heart through the ________, then elastic arteries, then ___________ arteries, and then splits to __________________ and arterioles. 7) In the ____________ system, blood goes through the venule, to the small veins (______________ vessels) to the large veins (capacitance vessels) and back through the vena cava and to the heart. 8) Which of the following is NOT in a fenestrated capillary? a) Endothelial Cells b) Collagen Fibers c) Fenestrations (pores) d) Basement Membrane 9) Pressure of blood on walls of arteries is also known as ____________________________. 10) The highest of #7 is the _____________________. 11) The lowest of #7 is the ______________________. 12) When the BP is above its normal range, the sympathetic system inclines or declines? (Circle correct answer). 13) When the BP is below its normal range, baroreceptors in _________ sinuses and aortic arch are --> _________________. 14) T/F, the vasomotor fibers are stimulated when the BP is below the normal range. 15) After increased Renin is released from kidneys, filtration from kidneys is __________, erythropoietin stimulated (more RBC, and thus more ____________ and pressure). 16) The other type of renal control of blood pressure is in _______________ ___, which is a functional chemical. 17) There are four different outcomes from #14: 1) Adrenal Cortex, 2) Increased _______ release by posterior pituitary, 3) _________ thirst, and 4) Vaso-_______________ which increases peripheral ______________. 18) Where is the femoral artery located? __________________ 19) At rest, the cardiac output is ________ L. Whereas while exercising, it is ____ times as much. 20) The majority of blood goes to => _____________ muscles. 21) Blood flow velocity's highest is in ____________ and lowest in ______________. 22) Total cross-sectional area highest is in _____________ and lowest in ________ and ________________________. 23) What (4) branches out of the aortic arch? 1) ______________________, 2) ______________________, 3) __________________________ and 4) ___________________________. 24) Fill out this table: Hormone(s) Site of Action Effect on Variable Result Variable Epinephrine and Heart (β1receptors) ↑_________ Cardiac Output (CO) ____ _____________ ___ and Blood Contractility Pressu re (BP) Angiotensin II _____________ ↑ (via ____________________ ↑ BP vasoconstrict ______ ion) Antidiuretic Hormone Arterioles ↑ (via PR ___ vasoconstrict BP ion) Epinephrine and Arterioles (α receptors) ↑ (via PR ___ Norepinephrine vasoconstrict BP ion) Epinephrine and NE, Large veins ↓ (via vaso- ____________________ ___ __________ (β receptors)and __________ ______ BP 2 ___________________ Arterioles (NO) _) (Nitric Oxide = NO) Atrial Natriuretic ____________________ ↓ (salt and Blood Volume ↓ BP Peptide (ANP) (Rt. ______ water ____) Atrium) __________ and Cortisol Kidney Tubule Cells ___ (salt and Blood Volume ___ water BP __________) ____________________ Kidney Tubule Cells ↑ (water Blood Volume ___ ______ retention) BP 25) What are the causes of vascular shock? (3 things) 1) __________________________________________________________________ 2) __________________________________________________________________ 3) __________________________________________________________________ 26) Cardiogenic shock ==> ___ heart pumping 27) ________________ shock caused by spinal cord injury and anesthesia. 28) Skeletal Muscle Pump => more blood moves => _____ contraction and increase in _________ => increase pressure on __________ (in the _____ and _____). 29) Blood pressure increases based on these five factors: 1) Blood Volume increases 2) Bloody ___________ increases 3) _________ ___________ increases 4) Stroke ____________ increases 5) ______________ Resistance increases (a.k.a. _________________________) 30) Distribution of Blood in Cardiovascular System: 1. Systemic Arterial System (_____ %) 2. Systemic __________ System (64%) 3. _________ (7%) 4. __________________ Circuit (9%) 5. Systemic Capillaries (____ %)


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