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by: Mrs. Evelyn Cruickshank


Mrs. Evelyn Cruickshank
GPA 3.86

Brian Johnson

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Brian Johnson
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mrs. Evelyn Cruickshank on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH 587 at University of Washington taught by Brian Johnson in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see /class/192229/arch-587-university-of-washington in Architecture at University of Washington.

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Date Created: 09/09/15
Golnaz Mohammadi Student ID 0237613 Tuesday October 29 2002 Prepared for Professor Ellen Do Course Design Computing 587 A Shape Grammar Architects have used lines to describe meanings for centuries The lines in their design are related to what they want to communicate That has been going on for a long period oftime In the computer age architects have started to look at design process in a different way Computational techniques should fit the requirements of the subject without distorting actual experience Different ways of arranging lines establish different languages of design this procedure is called shape grammar and interpreted by procedures called description function This two determine the link between designing and its description There are two types of shape grammar 1 Standard 2 Parametric In the standard type the rule is defined explicitly by a pair of shapes in the parametric rules are de ned implicitly by a diagram Although this rule looks very repetitive I personally nd it very interesting My own experience is that although we like to explore new and exiting design methods every time we design but the reality is that it is not what is really happening in architectural practice Most often the time and energy is used for a very ordinary repetitive design and the focus is more on the cost and construction part It seems to me that shape grammar can result in faster design process and it can increase the time for design development so architect can focus more on the smaller parts of the building as well which to me will result in better and more ef cient design The Logic of Architecture Transformation is a new tool used to design There are many different types oftransformations Architectural composition can be understood as process of instantiation formation and shape combination Instantiation Shape instantiation is one ofthe most basic design actions In design world we have instances of speci ed shape the designer creates multiple shapes by adding the primitive shapes Transformation By transforming the shapes we will have shapes that are same but have changed in someway There are two types oftransformations 1destructive 2 preservative Destructive transformation ruinsthe object burning smashing andor dismantling are examples for destructive transformation In preservative transformation object will remain the same for example if we color a chair it still will remain a chair Preservative transformation gives us many possibilities to create many forms in orderto design There are two types oftransformations scaling and stretching Through scaling we produce the same type of shape though in stretching we change one shape to another We might consider both scaling and stretching as equivalent Rotation re ection and perspective transformation are some more ways for transformation There are other ways oftransformation which are caused by combination Union intersection or Boolean are all caused by combination transformation and they are being used intensively in computeraided design Transformation gives us many options for design it can also be a tool expedite the design process The process can contribute by creating new shapes and lead to new design methods The remarkable thing about transformation to me is that we can cover many different design styles with the very same tools This can be the foundation to faster easier and still splendid designs It seems as if for the very same reason transformation is a very good tool in computer aided design


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