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Lecture 12 - Power & Control

by: Leslie Ogu

Lecture 12 - Power & Control ORSC 1109

Leslie Ogu
GPA 3.01

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About this Document

We discuss how organizations hold power and control over their employees, and even people outside the organization. In addition, we learn the different factors that contribute to power and control,...
Introduction to Organizational Sciences
Costanza, D
Class Notes
power, control, Organizational sciences, market, authority, Politics, legitimate, illegitimate, coercion, shifting, Weber, expert, Bureaucracy, clan control, agency
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leslie Ogu on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ORSC 1109 at George Washington University taught by Costanza, D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Organizational Sciences in Humanities and Social Sciences at George Washington University.

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Date Created: 03/02/16
Leslie Ogu ORSC 1109  03/02/2016 ­ Power and Influence    Power  ● Def:​  the extent to which party A can get party B to do something they would not  normally do  ● relational  ● exercised  ● can be multi­directional  ● there is always an associated cost  ● Authority​ : the legitimate exercise of power  ● Politics: non­legitimate use of power  ● Accounts for people and organizations  ● How does one develop power?  ○ Contingency  ■ You have to do something for the person (creating a requirement  for the person that if they do not do it, you hold power over them)  ○ Organization Evolution  ■ Power will come over time  ■ They key is adaptation  ● Weber  ○ Rational­Legal Power  ■ The rules say it  ○ Charismatic Power  ■ You give the person power because you like them, they are funny,  relatable, etc  ○ Traditional Power  ■ Ex: A teacher usually has some power over the students  ● French & Raven   ○ Reward  ○ Coercion  ■ If you don’t do it, you will lose something or won’t get what you  asked for  ○ Legitimate  ■ matches up with the rational­legal power  ○ Expert Power **  ■ believe the person knows best  ○ Referent  ● Power is constantly shiftin **    Control  ● Def:​  managing self­interest such that organizational interests are paramount   ○ I need to control you so that the organization’s interests supercede yours  1. Process Control  a. goal setting strategy  b. Ex: Faculty Annual Report ­ all professors are required to report this to the  university to ensure they are effectively teaching students  2. Agency Control  a. Def:​ giving someone else the control to achieve what your interests are  b. introduces a level of separation  3. Market Control  a. Def:​ markets pick the winners and losers  b. This means the markets have control over organizational behavior  c. Assumes rationality  i. assumes you have all the information to make a decision rationally  4. Bureaucratic Control  a. the procedures, rules, policies, hierarchy, etc. control  b. can be through chains of command, written rules, etc  5. Clan Control  a. the culture / social norms have control over you  b. nonprofits  ● These could be combined in an organization 


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