Anth 1000, week 1 notes
Anth 1000, week 1 notes ANTH 1000 - 001
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ANTH 1000 - 001
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jacqueline Starck on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1000 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Christopher David Berk in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 03/02/16
Ant 1000- Into to Anthro 1/15/2016 What is Anthropology 1. Body rituals of the Nacirema 2. The Four subfields: Overlap and Shared Assumption 3. Using Anthropology Anthropology Anthropology historically done with nonindustrial people Sociology industrial people These lines have blurred over time Doesn’t view cultures in isolation, all comparative 2 things one) we try to challenge things we view as normal and make them more complicated two) strive to understand similarities the Nacirema nacirema = American shrines = bathroom charm boxes = medicine cabinet medicine men = doctors holy-mouth-men = dentists the listener = therapist, psychiatrist, psychologist the latipso temple = hospital spelled backwards minus “h” the backing heads = hair dryer Where can the nacirema be found? North America four subfields 1. cultural 2. archaeology 3. biological/physical 4. linguistic culture they are social (they are learned, not inherited) learned by traditions in customs directly or indirectly ex: we dress our children in certain ways, often gender specific/appropriate pink default for baby girl’s blue default for baby boy’s culture belies shape how we view things ex: how we view masculine and feminine beauty ex: brazil female swimmer typically doesn’t succeed at Olympics bc their cultural ideas of beauty ex: baby raised to like certain football teams anthropology holism is a frame of mind, reminds us it’s not possible to understand things about culture by themselves can’t understand gender without also understanding politics archaeology pay close attention to shifts and changes in archaeological record can make conclusion about population size and tools that were used just through these artifacts aboriginal stone tools look like arrow heads, but are not similar to early tool technology millions of these littered along cost biological anthropology 5 special interests all inter-related human biological plasticity- are outward expression of genetic materials non-human primates bc we are primates, we are apes primates They share a lot of features that we have Seeing in color, forward facing eyes, bipedalism (walking on two legs) (not as fully as us but more than other mammals), use tools Lucy was an Australopithecus afarensis, they have 40% of her skeletal remains from 3.2 million years, discovered in Ethiopia Using anthropology Problem- books damaged bc not packaged properly, not getting delivered to right place Malinowski’s Approach Anthropological research Ethnography Techninques o You participate and observe Take part in community life as we study it o Key cultural consultants Major figures that help with research o Emic- the insiders point of view o Etic- outsiders point of view Jan. 25, 2016 Mallowski Polish anthropologist 1914-1918, he developed a program for ethnographic research His methods Ochre- hand prints made from these, red in color Middens o Long term deposits of food stuffs, ex. Shells from shellfish o Massive mounds of shells from thousands of years in Tasmania Ethics o Informed consent Agreement to take part on research, be truthful about who you are and what you are working on Do 4 things if doing work in another country (informed consent) 1. Include host country colleagues in their research planning and request for funding 2. Est. truly collaborative relationships with those colleagues and their institutions before, during, and after fieldwork 3. Include host country colleagues in dissemination, including publication, of the research results 4. Ensure that something is ‘given back’ to host country colleagues CC readings o Read questions before and after reading! o Sterk Informal interviews and guided interviews with open ended questions, find out history of person Participant observation by driving them places, kept their medical needs on her Ethical issues- the legality of her involvement, she often witnessed violence and abuse-putting her in a position to not know what to do Nearly adopted an entire family bc she felt guilty o Felt she couldn’t give back as much as they gave her o Gmelch Guys running around naked, girl talks to guy Naïve realism- something we need to engage in
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