New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psychology 100

by: Mackenzie Taylor

Psychology 100 PSY 100

Mackenzie Taylor
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Introduction to Psychology

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Introduction to Psychology notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Week of 2-29-16 through 3-2-16 notes.
Introduction to Psychology
Class Notes
Psychology, state of consciousness, dreaming, thinking




Popular in Introduction to Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mackenzie Taylor on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 100 at Central Michigan University taught by in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Central Michigan University.


Reviews for Psychology 100


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/02/16
Psychology 100 States of Consciousness I. Consciousness A. Sleep (1) Sleep disorders y s p e l o c r a N . a b. Sleep apnea: the person affected will stop breathing in their sleep c. Sleepwalking REM - Rapid eye movement; where most dreaming occurs d. Insomnia e. Treating insomnia: sleep restriction, stimulus control - limit the bed to only be associated with sleep - relaxation response, avoid coffee, alcohol, and cigarettes before bed. (2) Dreaming a. Content - what tends to be in our dreams? - Material from daily life - Material from sleep environment y r o m e M . b c. Lucid dreaming: when you realize you’re dreaming while the dream is occurring (3) Theories of Dreams; A. Activation synthesis - neurons fire when we sleep, that stimulates cortex neurons to give images or sounds while we dream. - Freud’s view: windows into unconsciousness: dreams are meaningful - they tell us what is going on under the surface. B. Drugs 1. Alcohol - alters perceptions, ‘beer goggle’ effect. 2. Physiological effect 3. Reduced inhibitions and anxiety - higher aggression levels 4. Expectancies - how we expect to be drunk may influence how we behave C. Influence Without Consciousness 1. Subliminal self-help tapes? No. 2. Visually? Yes - subliminal priming; subliminal mere exposure…exposed to something multiple times with a neutral feeling can have you like it more. - We take in information visually that we aren't consciously aware of. Thinking A. Problem Solving - what strategies do we use? (1) Trial and error (2) Algorithms: series of steps leading to a correct solution, long time to achieve - System 1 thinking: quick and intuitive - System 2 thinking: Slow, effortful, analytical B. Heuristics (1) Availability heuristics t c e f f e s u s n e s n o c e s l a F . a b. Can lead to biased based on how a memory was perceived in our head (2) The simulation heuristic b. Prediction (3) Assessing Causality - simulate different patterns of outcomes (4) Representativeness heuristic - simple logic - Stereotype but represented through characteristics - Random sequences - The gambler’s fallacy - Judgement and prediction: using characteristics to categorize people based on what they see (appearance) and what is represented. C. The Anchoring and Adjustment Heuristics - Blind sports in problem solving: heuristics are used to find short cuts in the decision making process. a. Functional fixedness - when thinking of objects, we limit ourselves to its intended use. b. Mental set - occurs when we devise a solution that works and we try to solve every problem using that same strategy when its not appropriate. c. Confirmation bias: when we seek out confirmed evidence to solve a problem. - d. Overconfidence The Comparison processes - Feature matching - The direction of comparison effect


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.