Philosophy and Sexuality (Week 8)
Philosophy and Sexuality (Week 8) PHIL2025
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly McMullen on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL2025 at University of Cincinnati Clermont College taught by Greg Loving in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Philosophy and Sexuality in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Cincinnati Clermont College.
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Date Created: 03/02/16
Philosophy and Sexuality (Week 8) Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) One founder of philosophy existentialism Ideas didn’t start to take place until after WWI, especially after WWII There are two versions of existentialism Atheist version (Sactre) Religious (Kierkeguard - 1800s, Niehbur - 20th century) Existentialism is critical to what is going on in the world today Neihbur - moral man and immoral society We as humans are decent when we're alone, but in groups, we are horrible and nasty things happen 1 Situation: thrown-ness You're like a rock that wakes up after someone's already thrown it In the situation of thrown-ness, God is dead - there's no ultimate truth or authority to tell people they're right or wrong It's not that God never existed, but us humans killed him 2 Quality of human beings: will to power Related to instinct because it's this drive we have in us Things that compose it Will to survive Will to win Will to skill (we want to dominate our environment) 3 Be Superman (German: Übermensche - meaning overman, overcoming) What you do: take responsibility for your own choices (strongest of the will) Freedom - Non-Freedom paradox Response: create your own values Do not follow the herd - only way herd operates: religion, politics When you follow the herd, you give up on your duty to make your own decisions (on par with atheist line) We see friendship Higher goal, worthy relationship Passion: fleeting thing Marriage: more permanent If you base marriage solely on passion, it's stupidity/ridiculous If friendship isn't the base of relationship, there will be no marriage Victorian Society Queen Victoria (1837-1901) We get this era from her Rapid industrialization Railroads were being built People moved from the country to the city for work Cash economy Women's work became less socially valued Women were tied to the house Legal marriage became predominant The government controlled relationships in this era Era of great creativity Development of middle class People can finally buy things that were originally for the rich Sexual practices were quite conservative No sex ed. Women were not properly educated They learned about sex on their wedding night from their husband Men learned about sex from peers and prostitutes Female orgasm in Victorian society Assumed there was none/didn't exist An evil to avoid, tied to selfishness, not necessary for procreation Women weren't supposed to like sex. They tolerated it Freud believed women were sexual Female Idealization (women were idealized, put on pedestal) Ex: female form (corset, bustle) Women's bodies transformed Corset - women's organs pushed down, ribs deformed Ideal waist in this era - 15 to 18 inches Women were supposed to be virginal, inexperienced, unknowledgeable, dramatic body shapes Hysteria - woman's syndrome Over 50 symptoms: crying, stressed, emotional, fainting Wrote off women's concerns with special diagnosis of symptoms Treatments for this were developed: some drugs (heroin derivatives) Gave these to children too (quieting syrup) - basically gave them drugs Freud came up with cocaine as a treatment. He was criticized Hysterical Paroxysm Drs. Manipulated women's genitals which made women calmer Orgasm became a medical treatment for hysteria (medicalized orgasm) This was popular and some doctors specialized in this Doctors were getting carpel tunnel Vibrator - medical device to help doctors give hysterical paroxysm 1870 - first mechanical vibrator 1873 - electric vibrator 1879 - lightbulb invented You discussed sex in doctor's office Talking about sex was taboo Working class - more open about sex Was a law trying to control this Victorian society developed porn, but it was considered taboo, wrong, and dirty Pornography - intent to arouse (negative interpretation of sexuality) 1873 - Comstock Law: no pornographic materials could be sent through U.S. mail (federal law) Birth control info/products considered pornography Code developed in catalogs (French products)
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