New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 5; Day 9 + 10 Notes

by: Becca LeBoeuf

Week 5; Day 9 + 10 Notes Theatre 152

Becca LeBoeuf

GPA 3.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Here are week 5 notes. In these notes, we cover ending material for Indian theatre (Sakuntala). Then we started discussing Chinese theatre.
Non Western Theatre
Bryan Vandevender
Class Notes
#Theatre #Theatre152 #NonWesternTheatre #IndianTheatre #Sakuntala #ChineseTheatre
25 ?




Popular in Non Western Theatre

Popular in Theatre

This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Becca LeBoeuf on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Theatre 152 at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh taught by Bryan Vandevender in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Non Western Theatre in Theatre at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh.


Reviews for Week 5; Day 9 + 10 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/02/16
Week 5    2/29/2016    Origins Of Sakuntala:  ● The Recognition of Sakuntala is considered a masterpiece of Sanskrit Drama.  ● Kalidasa’s reputation is based on six surviving works. Little it know of his life.  ● The story of Sakuntala is based on a single episode from the Mahabharata ­ the great  tale of the Bharata dynasty.    Connections To The Mahabharata:  ● In Hindu mythology, Shakuntala is considered to be the mother of Bharata and the wife  of King Dushyanta who was the found of the Paurav Dynasty.  ● Origins of the Kuru dynasty starts with Bharata.  ● Bharata had nine sons and three wives.    Sakuntala:​  ● Play in 7 acts with​arologue​   ● Metatheatre (IMPORTANT): ​ theatre about theatre or theatre about the making process  of theatre.  ● It has been said that Sakuntala is the history of a development.  ○ Flower into a fruit.  ○ Earth into heaven.  ○ Matter into spirit.  ○ There are two unions in the play (the two most important).  ■ Earlier union of the first act based in an earthly, unstable beauty.  ■ Higher union of heavenly bliss in the last act.  ● Drama was not meant to deal with a specific character or passion but for translating the  whole subject from one world to another. To elevate love from a physical beauty to a  moral beauty.  ● Representational (IMPORTANT)​ : aims to replicate real life and to represent the world  as it is.  ● Presentational (IMPORTANT)​ : something heightened and directed towards the  audience. More directed towards the audience. Looking at the audience when giving  lines. Movement/gestures are used for the audience's benefit.  ● Very common in sanskrit drama to not have a lot of scenery. There are only a few  things placed on the stage; typically with a black curtain in the back.              Greetings From China!  Early Chinese Theatre And Performance.    Contributions​:  ● The Great Wall Of China:  ○ Construction began in the 5th Century BCE and continues for centuries. It is over  5,000 miles long, but not according to Wikipedia. It is also visible from space  (maybe).  ● Early Chinese Culture gave us gunpowder, fireworks, and printing.    Major Religious Practices:  ● Buddhism.  ● Taoism.  ● Confucianism.    Tenets Of Buddhism:  ● Four Noble Truths:  ○ 1. Suffering.  ○ 2. Causing of suffering.  ○ 3. Cessation of suffering.  ○ 4. Path that leads to cessation.  ● Karma​: consequence for good or bad actions. The consequences of this life determine  the circumstances of the next.  ● Some denominations of Buddhism believe that there is no divine salvation or forgiveness  for one’s karma. Other denomination believe that hearing or reciting religious texts can  expunge negative jarm.  ● Cycle of Rebirth: 6 planes to which we are reborn­ gods, demigods, humans, animals,  ghosts, and hell.  ● Nirvana: supreme state ­ free from suffering ­ that breaks the cycle of rebirth. Free from  all worldly concerns.    Taoism​:  ● Living in harmony with t​ao (way/path/principle).  ● Tao denotes both the source of, and the force behind, everything that exists.  ● Tends to emphasize balance (yin and yang), action through non­action (wu­wei),  naturalness, simplicity, spontaneity.  ● Three Treasures​: compassion, moderation, humility.    Confucianism​ :  ● Focuses on the practical, especially the importance of family.  ● Less emphasis on god's or the notion of an afterlife.  ● Does not exalt faithfulness to divine will or higher law.  ● Humans beings are teachable, improvable, and perfectible through personal and  communal endeavor, especially self cultivation and self­creation.  ● Focuses on the cultivation of virtue and the maintenance of ethics.    Storytellers, Acrobats, Puppetry, Dancers And Jesters:  ● China has a long tradition of theatrical and performing arts dating back from 1,000 BCE.    Two Early Traditions:  ● Shadow Plays (Puppetry):​ 100 BCE ­ Present.  ● Court/Temple Plays Of The Han, Tang, Yuan, And Ming Dynasties:  600­1600 CE.    Shadow Puppetry:  ● Begins as a sacred tradition; performed at weddings and funerals.  ● Not used for commercial entertainment anymore; more of that happened in the past than  it does now.  ● Puppets are made from rawhide; like bones that are given to dogs.    3/2/2016    Han Dynasty (200 BCE­200 CE):  ● Sacred Temple/Court Performances.  ● Developed Alongside Commercial Enterprises.    The Pear Garden School:  ● Founded to train actors.  ● A student of the Pear Garden School in China = a Thespian in Western Tradition.  ● More than 11,000 students in the Pear Garden at one time.  ● Men and women attended, but mostly men.    Yuan Dynasty (1200­1400):  ● A golden age of theatrical practice: over 500 playwrights working.  ● 6 Genres Of Yuan Drama:  ○ Love stories.  ○ Religious & Supernatural.  ○ Historical.  ○ Domestic (family and things that happen in the household).  ○ Crime.  ○ Bandit/Hero (Bandit= not necessarily a villain/real bandit, but a bandit hero;  someone who steals something for a good cause).  ● Sources:  ○ Myth.  ○ History.  ○ Contemporary Events (current events).  ● Depict Confucian Values:  ○ Devotion to family.  ○ Devotion to work.  ○ Devotion to duty.  ● Deal in stories of poetic justice (Refers to a consequence that is befitting of a particular  crime. A killer kills people in a certain way, so someone in return kills that killer in the  same way they killed the people).    Staging Of Yuan Drama:  ● Actor­centered witsung dialogue.​  ● Minimal scenic design.  ● Lavish costumes/makeup.    Symbolism In Makeup/Masks:  ● White = Villain/Treachery.  ● Black = Courage.  ● Red = Loyalty.  ● Gold = Gods.  ● Green = Demon Spirits.    Injustice Done To Dou E By Guan Hanqing:  ● Early 14th Century.  ● Based on a real­life murder trial.  ● Young widow is accused of killing her husband.   ● The women is hung.   ● The father of the women becomes a judge.   ● The women and trial who accused her/said she was guilty were then punished when she  came back as a spirit.  ● The women accused stated that injustice will be shown by dripping blood that never hits  the ground, snow in June, and a drought.    The Circle Of Chalk By Li Sing Dao:  ● 14th Century.  ● Notably adapted by Bertolt Brecht as The Caucasian Chalk Circle (1944).  ● About a young girl who was sold into a house of prostitution after her father death.  ● A wealthy tax collector takes her in as her second wife.  ● She gives him a son.  ● The first wife accuses the husband of adultery and kills him.    Peony Pavilion By Tang Xianzu:  ● Written circa 1600.  ● Produced during the Ming Dynasty (late 14th century to mid 17th century).  ● Take 18 hours to perform.   ● Loves a man who she has only see in a dream.  ● The man then appears in real life and visits her grave.  ● She is then resurrected.    Elements Of Chinese Theatre:  ● Music​: singing, chanting, instruments.  ● Movement​ : dance and gestures.  ● Acrobatics​: tumbling and martial arts.  ● Costumes​ : masks and makeup.  ● Staging: scenery, props, and theatre spaces.    Instruments​  ● Erhu​: 2 strings.  ● Ruan​: 4 strings.  ● Tung​: hammer dulcimer.  ● Pipa​: lute.  ● Dizi: flute.  ● Percussion​: drums, gongs, and cymbals.    Music​:  ● Relationship Of Poetry And Lyrics To Music:  ○ In traditional Chinese theatre, the musicians were located on stage (before 1949)  when enabled them to react to that actor’s movements.  ○ In 1949, Chinese theatres adopted more of a western theatre space which  included an orchestra pit for musicians.  ● The Music Was Considered As A Combination Of Two Musical Styles:  ○ Erhuang​ (erwang).  ○ Xipi (shi pie).  ● The combination of these two are defined as metrical arrangements of ban (the  accented) and yan ( the unaccented) beat within the measure. When the musicians  know this time signature. they are better able to play in such a way as to reinforce.  ● Singing is used to indicate human emotions and psychological reactions,  melodramatically.  ● Pitch And Volume Alone With Enunciation To Create Character:  ○ The ​an​role in a high falsetto.  ○ The sheng​ role in a tenore robusto.  ○ The ing role with a thunderous quality.              Movement: ​  ● Traditional Dance:  ○ “Dance was fundamental to court entertainments, public ceremonies, and temple  rituals.”  ○ The combination of poetry, song, music, and movement in these traditional  dances had to be synchronized.   ● Hand Gestures And Accepted Character Movements:  ○ Foot movements and pace.  ○ Leg movements.  ○ Hand and finger movements.  ● Hand Gestures:  ○ Hand gesture used as expressive mime techniques where even simple gestures  became visually attractive interpolations.  ○ Pointing as a gesture when done in relationship with the eyes and head  movement can mean many things, love hate, and accusation.  ● Sleeve Gestures:  ○ The long sleeves on the costumes are considered extensions of the hands and  help accentuate the movements.  ○ Represent wind, air, or water.  ● Pheasant Feathers:  ○ Used by warriors as part of their costume.  ○ Originally used in ritual ceremonies to celebrate the birth of Confucius.  ○ Used most effectively by actresses playing an amazon role.  ● Beards​:  ○ Used by more senior characters and can suggest tempestuous natures.  ○ Can be stroked in a downward motion.  ○ Moved side to side/flicked for effect.  ● Acrobatic Movement:  ○ Acrobatic training begins in childhood.  ○ Martial arts training is used both the inner (breathing and mental control) and  outer (physical strength and speed).  ○ Acrobatics have been a feature of Chinese theatre since the second century. It  used now primarily as an interlude.    Costumes:   ● Many costumes relate to traditional Chinese characters.  ● Embroidery and furs are for characters of higher rank.  ● Heavy embroidered satin to represent armor, and pennants or flags on the back  represent warriors.          Staging​:  ● Pond seating area has tables and chairs. lowest area in the theatre (most expensive).  ● Raised area has benches and are cheaper.  ● Balcony above the raised area where women were required to sit until after 1911. 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.