HIST150 Imperialism History 150
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Foster on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 03/02/16
HIST150 Imperialism, 1870-1914 Period of the Second Industrial Revolution • Period of European and their control over people across the globe Scale of Imperialism • Statistics of European imperial expansion o European got about 10M sq. miles of territory in Africa and Asia containing 15 0M people o The scramble for Africa: In 1870, 11% of the continent was run by Europeans, by 1914, 90% • Map of Africa in 1914 • 7 countries were under European control Motives for imperial expansion • 1. Economic motivation. **** o Felt that control over territory was essential • President of France wrote about why France needs territory: colonies provide new markets for their goods, natural resource sand raw materials provided by new territory • 2. Nationalism: possession of colonies reflects your standing in the world. Need an empire to be considered a world power. o Empire envy o “The Sun Never Sets on the British Empire .” British Empire was a little over 14M sq. miles (3x the of French Empire) • 3. The European civilization mission: believed in white supremacy and racial hierarchy. Western cultural is superior. o It’s their “duty” to take over the inferior people and civilize them o “…under guiding Providence, India has received the leaven of a new moral and material emergence …” o (TQ) brought the railway system and technology to raise India up How did they conquer Africa? • The Tools of Empire o 1. Quinine and malaria: African strain of malaria was lethal § Europeans thought taking quinine before going to Africa would prevent malaria § Made it safer to live in the tropics § Only anti-malaria known drug until the 1940s o 2. Iron-hilled steamboats § Allowed Europeans to make their way along the rivers into the continent o 3. European weapons**** o Specifically, the maxim machine gun (invented by Hiriam Maxim) o 1898—the Battle of Omdurman in the Sudan § With the maxim gun, Europeans were able to defeat the Sudan with only 48 causalities on the European side
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