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by: Abbey Rourke

newspaperinquest.pdf history 1100

Abbey Rourke

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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abbey Rourke on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to history 1100 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Dr. Yacavazzi in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see History in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 03/02/16
Abbey Rourke Dr. Yacovazzi History 1100 3 December 2015 The Seven Years War Drama Before the Seven Years War had begun, there were multiple wars before 1750 that  ultimately put Britain in the lead of rivals, France and Spain. Britain by this time was one of the  top nations due to its trade becoming global. After all of the wars that had occurred, Britain  raised taxation to help with war debt which led to “discontent at home” (Foner 166). The French, British, and Indian communities found themselves in a dispute between the Ohio Valley because  they all saw the land would benefit them in a certain way and believed the land was lawfully  theirs. The Seven Years War was triggered when the government of Virginia awarded “an  immense land grant to those with political connections” (Foner166), when the French and  Indians also had ties to the land. The war went against Britain for the first two years. Hundreds  of colonists were being killed, two­thirds of General Braddock’s 3,000 soldiers were killed or  wounded only right before to have one­third of Washington’s troops dead after their expeditions. “William Pitt, a new Prime Minister took office in 1757” (Foner 167). He provided money and  supplied a lot of men for the war. By the 1760s, the war was coming to a close for the French,  but the Indians were the ones left with nothing. The Indians started a revolt causing the war to  continue due to their unhappiness. Two newspapers in 1760, The Boston News Letter and The  Boston Gazette, both published in Boston, Massachusetts, informed colonists of attacks and  updates on the war, along with important current issues. 1 In the January 3, 1760 issue of The Boston News Letter, the Council­Chamber addresses  “a great many families” that were wanting to move to Penobscot should consider waiting,  because no land grants were final and there could be “obstruction to the settlements.” Colonists  might have been getting antsy to move because in 1759 Britain had “captured the pivotal French  outpost of Forts Duquesne, Ticonderoga” along with Louisbourg (Foner 167).  In a similar article, the Gentlemen of the Council and House of Representatives were  reminding citizens the war was not over yet. “You cannot entertain an idea of leaving incomplete the work of this war already.” The war had already been going on for four years and the  surrender of the French did not exactly seal the deal for the British colonies. There was still a  need for provision from the colonists “so they must be ready at first call.” In another article, a letter from the Indians wrote addressing the British in hopes of  maintaining peace. “The Indians had fought on both sides of the war” (Foner 168). In a way, it  was like they neither won nor lost when the British colonies beat France. The Indians felt  “confusion over land claims, control of fur trade” (Foner 168), which led them to become  dependent on the British. The Indians tried to get on Britain’s good side by giving their “sincere  intentions” and hoping “that our nation might be once more happy in their friendship.” The  Indians had felt if there was domination by one country, they would lose their land and freedom.  The Indians were smart and smooth talkers considering they played both sides of the war. “When we come to see the governor we will make the path white and smooth, so that there will be  nothing bad in our way, and never to be stained with blood anymore.” They were trying to make  up for any wrongs that they had done, such as deaths or attacks on the British. “We have been  blinded along time by the French against our own interest.”   2 In the article Important Cases of Conscience, written by S. Pike and S. Hayward,  produced thought provoking questions on a level of deeper matters such as “How may a  Christian know that he grows in the grace of God?” This was also during the time period of an  “itinerant preacher George Whitefield who traveled giving short and direct sermons”  (Yacovazzzi, History 1100.01 Lecture, 9/24/2015). The idea was there was not just a single truth  or answer. This was a time for individuals to think for themselves and the article reflects this  concept by supplying readers with questions such as “How may a Christian attain to perform the  duty of serious meditation in a right manner?”   In another article, the author was giving army updates informing citizens of army arrivals and drama with the Indians such as “runaway Cherokees” and battles between them.  In an article of advertisement, a “Negro Boy, about 14 years of age” was for sale. Slavery was still very much going on at the time, but with the newspaper being published in the North,  slavery was not as common as it was in the South. Throughout reading both newspapers, there  was only this one advertisement about slavery. “Laws dealing with slavery were less harsh in the North and it was unusual for the rich to own more than one slave at a time” (Yacovazzzi, History 1100.01 Lecture, 9/17/2015).   A March 1 article from Charles Town South Carolina informs readers of an incident  between an Indian and a man named Mr. Coyote. The Indian wanted to talk to the governor and  have a “safe guard” meaning Mr. Coyote escort him. Mr. Coyote agreed to do so, when all of a  sudden the Indian made a signal that led to gun shots being fired. Mr. Coyote was shot in the  breast. Orders were executed to “take hold of the Indians” when a solider was stabbed in the  stomach with a knife and had his jaw broken. Orders were sent to “put all the hostages to death  3 immediately.” During this time period, South Carolina endured a lot of “surprise attacks” by the  Indians due to the Cherokees losing so many Indians (Yacovazzzi, History 1100.01 Lecture,  9/29/2015). Surprise attacks were the Indians best strategy at the time. The article reveals how  colonists could not trust the Indians and to be aware of them.  This paper also included a brief article from London about the failed French attempts to  attack “several important forts” of the British colonies. The French “lost 700 men, 40 Officers,  and two pieces of cannon.” This was more than likely one of the last efforts of a major attack  from the French, considering they surrendered shortly after in 1760.  Another very lengthy article, in The Boston Gazette was aimed towards consumers.   Imported goods from Britain were to be bought from a man named John Dennie at his  warehouse. “A variety of English goods, as cheap, or cheaper for money.” Everything from  boxes of wine glasses, linens, and fans to buckles and combs was available for purchase and  much more.  During the 1760’s there was a consumer revolution. Colonists consumption of  British goods increased to “40 percent in the 1760’s” (Yacovazzzi, History 1100.01 Lecture,  10/6/2015). The British were the leading producer and traders of goods at the time, while  colonists played a pivotal role in that. A final piece from Charlestown informed readers of the alarming amounts of small­pox  that had been diagnosed. “Small­pox in this town, amounts to more than 2500, and that four  fifths of that number took the disease in one week.” The disease most likely came from slaves  during their voyage on the middle passage, which carried goods and slaves in very tight, terrible  conditions. “Diseases like measles and smallpox spread rapidly” (Foner 136). Many people with  4 the disease recovered from it, but smallpox was still something to watch out for because it had  “not appeared in the mildest manner.” Both The Boston Gazette and The Boston News Letter offered a lot of articles involving  the war, but that was not the only important information being given out at the time. The articles  talked about current events such as fires, voyages, deeper thinking about religion, and the  consumption of goods be offered. Both papers covered news on other grounds besides Boston.  The newspapers differed in a way from the textbooks by giving more of an insight to the details  that were going on at the time. Reading both papers has reinforced my idea of the time period in  the way that the war was a major topic at the time, but also the colonists were not completely  consumed by it. 5


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