POLS 1020 week 8 I
POLS 1020 week 8 I Political science 1020
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eunji Kim on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Political science 1020 at Clemson University taught by Aron G. Tannenbaum in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 03/02/16
POLS 1020 week 8 part I China and the American World Order - China on the rise Review: Kagan on the American World Order Increased global prosperity through international trade and economic interdependence Spread of democracy No war among the Great Powers China, the American World Order, and economic prosperity Revolutionary: Mao Zedong Reformer: Deng Xiaoping o “It doesn’t matter whether a cat is black or white as long as it catches mice.” In other words, “It doesn’t matter whether we call it socialism or capitalism as long as it produces wealth.” “Chimeria” – the economic interdependence of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) and the US 10% average annual rate of economic growth, past three decades o State-controlled capitalist economy o Produced greatest anti-poverty program in world history o But large and growing economic inequalities in China o Economic growth rate now slowing down Largest manufacturing and largest exporting country in the world Economic growth due to international trade, part of the American World Order High degree of economic interdependence, China and the United States US Economic Relations with China have become a campaign Issue Consequences of Economic Interdependence o Lower prices of consumer goods for American consumers o Lower-skilled manufacturing jobs in the US go workers in China o Creation of the Ruse Belt, the partial de-industrialization of the United States o Offsetting job gains: US gains higher-paying jobs from Europe, Japan o But large net loss of US jobs The Politics of Chimerica and of Economic Interdependence Generally o “Establishment Republicans” favor Chimerica because it benefits US big business, Wall Street o Democrats are skeptical or opposed but Presidents Clinton and Obama support Chimerica against their own party members and unions o Donald Trump says he will re-negotiate trade deals to reduce or end US job losses o Bernie Sanders rails against the “rigged economy” of which trade deals are part o Hillary Clinton came out against the most recent trade deal between the US and Asian countries Statistical Comparisons United States of America • 3.8 M square miles • 321 M population • 91 people / sq mile • $ 18 T GNP • $ 56K / per capita • Approx 2 % annual economic growth rate People’s Republic of China • 3.7 M square miles • 1.4 B population • 373 people / sq mile • $ 19 T GNP • $ 14K / per capita • Approx 10 % annual economic growth rate China, the American World Order, and democracy Chinese Leaders Fear Democracy o People’s Republic of China, established 1949, ruled by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) o Democracy is a Western import which CCP fears would lead to political destabilization o Explicit rejection of “universal values” o Changing bases of legitimacy of CCP rule: Socialist society Economic prosperity Nationalism Tiananmen Square 1989 Pro-Democracy Demonstration Hong Kong 2014 China, the American World Order, and the rise of Chinese power Is China Rising Peacefully? o Two conceptions of world order o Overcoming the consequences of the Century of Humiliation o Security dilemmas in East Asia o Playing balance of Power games o Historical examples of rising powers and world wars o Conclusions Two Conceptions of World Order o Westphalia Formal equality of sovereign states Preserve independence and territorial integrity Non-interference in internal affairs International anarchy so a security dilemma Occasional development of a security community o Traditional China China was/is the Middle Kingdom Superiority of traditional Chinese culture Other states are of lesser significance Other states must acknowledge superiority of China Overcoming the Century of Humiliation th Opium Wars, Early 19 Century Containing China o China Contained by US Navy-Controlled First and second Island Chains Rise of Chinese Nationalism Conclusion o Uneasy for the time being acceptance by China of the American world order o China’s economic rise is enabled by international trade o But China’s internal order is threatened by democracy o So diplomacy between the US and China must be flexible, each side taking into account the security of the other side