Industrial/Organizational Psychology Week 8 Notes
Industrial/Organizational Psychology Week 8 Notes PSYC 2544
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freddi Marsillo on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2544 at George Washington University taught by Blacksmith, N in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Industrial/Organizational Psychology in Psychlogy at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 03/02/16
I-O Psych Notes Week 8 3/2/16 9:20 PM Knowledge, Skills, & Interests Additional Proposed Individual Differences • Skills o Practiced acts o Technical & non-technical • Knowledge o Collection of discrete but related facts and information about a particular domain ▯ Tacit knowledge ▯ “street smarts” ▯ Procedural knowledge ▯ knowing “how” ▯ Declarative knowledge ▯ knowing “that” • Competencies o Sets of behaviors instrumental in accomplishing various activities o Combination of individual difference characteristics Biographical Data Biodata • Includes type of information collected on an application blank o E.g. previous jobs, education, and special training Ecology model • Events constituting person’s history represent choices made by individual to interact with his/her environment Distinguishing characteristics of biodata • History • External • Objective • Discrete • Control • Relevant & non-invasive Sensory and Physical Abilities • Vision • Touch • Taste • Smell • Hearing • Kinesthetic feedback A Model of Physical Abilities Psychomotor Abilities • Also called sensorimotor or motor abilities • Physical functions of movement, associated with coordination, dexterity and reaction time • Fleishman’s psychomotor abilities o Arm-hand steadiness o Manual dexterity o Finger dexterity o Control precision o Response orientation o Rate control o Reaction time o Wrist-finger speed Physical Ability Tests for Firefighters Perdue Pegboard Dexterity Test Spatial Relations Item from a test for firefighters Interest Holland’s Interest Inventory 6 types • Realistic • Investigative • Artistic • Social • Enterprising • Conventional Realistic: practical, hands-on, real-world people who are action-oriented Investigative: abstract, analytical, and theory-oriented Artistic: types are imaginative and impractical and try to entertain, amuse, and fascinate others Social: enjoy helping, serving, and assisting others Enterprising: try to manipulate, persuade, and outperform others Conventional: count, regulate, and organize people or things 3/2/16 9:20 PM 3/2/16 9:20 PM
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