New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

HIST 3323 The Church in Latin America

by: Stephanie Notetaker

HIST 3323 The Church in Latin America HIST 3323

Marketplace > Arkansas Tech University > History > HIST 3323 > HIST 3323 The Church in Latin America
Stephanie Notetaker
Arkansas Tech University
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Modern Latin America

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Modern Latin America notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Here are notes concerning the Church from Pre-Colonial times to the present
Modern Latin America
Dr. Hollis M. Tarver
Class Notes




Popular in Modern Latin America

Popular in History

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephanie Notetaker on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 3323 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. Hollis M. Tarver in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Modern Latin America in History at Arkansas Tech University.

Similar to HIST 3323 at Arkansas Tech University


Reviews for HIST 3323 The Church in Latin America


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/02/16
The Church in Latin America notes  Religion: o Catholic Church  Until the 20 century, very few non-Catholics in Latin America.  Predominant religion in Latin America today.  Religion was a major part of the people in the Americas. o Long before the Spaniards arrived.  Aztec, Toltec, Inca, and other Mesoamericans  Possessed pantheon of gods o Some serve the same gods, but with different names  Believed kings were descendants of gods  Religion ALWAYS played a central role in the lives of the inhabitants in Central and South America. o More so in these two regions than in North America and its natives.  Ancient Cultures in Latin America: o Pyramids and Temples:  Central part of every pre-Colombian center (villages, etc.)  Practice within these temples varied from group to groups o Human sacrifices, etc.  Blood sacrifices/blood letting  Blood source o Gives it value/natural fit  Colonial Period: o Religion was a centered aspect  Church was responsible for:  Education  Civil functions o Marriage o Death o Baptisms etc.  Entity of legal authority of records that the state takes care of today o The Church plays a rather significant role of the inhabitants of Central and South America during the Colonial period. o Ex: The Church will be have possession of the best land  They were able to achieve this by:  Convincing wealthy estate owners to include the Church in their will to inherit the land after they die.  Take the oldest or youngest daughter into a nunnery o Whichever daughter doesn’t get married at a reasonable time.  For being admitted into a convent, the family will give land to the church.  The Church acquires its wealth this way, mostly.  The notion of the Church having so much power created problems later on. o Non-institution groups  Liberals  Anti-religion (Anti-clerical) o Seized the lands of the Church o Did away with tax exempts  Opposed to the apparatus of the Church o Church had become so powerful  Acquiring wealth when it should be going to the state.  Nineteenth Century: o Ex: Mexico  Civil Wars where the Church was right in the middle of the conflicts. o Religion still HIGHLY important.  Two prime examples:  Mexico  Venezuela o After war, the government would seize the land, shut down convents, take over churches, and seize their wealth.  Backlash against the church o Within any Latin American settlement (any size), there was a church. o Placed in the center of town  Geographically: Every colonial city possessed the same layout.  Includes: o Santa Fe o Albuquerque  Main square: o The Church on one side o Government plaza on the other  Cultural center  Military office o Outside of the main square, the wealthy lived, then expanded out to the outskirts of the city where the poor and indigenous people lived.  Cities were formed with the recognition that authority (power) rested in: o The Church o The Military o And The State  Three most important entities  They controlled everything o Ex: When a Spaniard owned property and was given the right to the labor of the natives who lived on that property  Encomienda System o Person who had the right of the property and the natives who inhabited the land  Encomendero o Responsible for the religious upbringing of the natives on his property  Christianized  Practice of their well-being, but usually un-honored on behalf of the Spaniards  Twentieth Century and Today: o Latin Americans put money, effort and time into their religion.  Extravagant churches, etc.  Regardless of what it looked like on the outside, religion was not embraced by the natives 100%. o Embraced some aspects of Christianity, but the natives did not throw away all of their religious practices/traditions, for example:  Bolivia  Guatemala  Mexico  Ecuador  And other places with large indigenous populations  A mixture of native religions can still be seen today.  For example: Walking to the Catholic Church for Mass, indigenous people can be seen performing their traditional religious practices outside of the Catholic Church and then go in for the service. o Acceptance of different religious philosophies today.  For example:  Santeria  Voodoo  And other African religious influences with Christianity o Religions created there in Latin America in, so a blending of religions are present.  Catholic Mass in a predominantly Hispanic church and a predominantly Anglo church o Would be somewhat different  Atmosphere  Instruments o Cultural variations between: o Same religions in different areas o Different religions


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.