HY 101, Week 7
HY 101, Week 7 HY 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Crews on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Daniel Riches in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Western Civ To 1648 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 03/02/16
WEEK 7 NOTES Early Medieval Europe “Barbarians” and the Dissolution of the Empire in the West Scared and desperate Romans; power-dynamic has changed 410 AD: Visigoths sack Rome o Were able to send a small military group to cause havoc o Psychological defeat; first time in hundred o f years an enemy has been able to attack the heart of the Empire 455 AD: Vandals sack Rome 484 AD: Ostrogoth’s conquer Italy Empire in the East survives; become Byzantine Empire Germanic Kingdoms Germanic Kingdoms in the former Roman Empire o Built on the cultural ruins of the Roman Empire o Ostrogoths – ruled over Italy o Visigoths- ruled over Spain and France o Vandals – ruled over North Africa o Franks – ruled over Western Germany and France Romans did see defeat: held onto the whole of the empire; Western Roman Empire was just being temporarily occupied Kingdoms of Europe, c. 526 Rise in conversion of Christianity, Arians o Denies the Holy Trinity o Spreads through the Germanic people Anglos and Saxons Danes and Juts o Both did not have any contact with Romans; led to stark cultural differences Beowulf C. 425-500 AD, Saxons migrate to England C. 520 AD, The ‘historical’ events of Beowulf occur o Hygelac’s raid recorded by Gregory of Towes C. 560-616 AD, Anglo-Saxons convert to Christianity C. 789 AD, Viking attacks on Britain C. 750-900, Beowulf written down C. 1000-1010 oldest surviving Beowulf manuscript Fictional dramatization Monasticism and the Spread of Christianity Anthony of Egypt, c. 250-335 o Individual goes off into the desert to become more spiritual and powerful and pure 2 different forms: o Communal: gives away possessions to live in a certain community, monks Led by abbot Lived of charity Lived according to a very strict set of rules St. Baul the Great, c. 329-379 o Very influential o Established a monetary in Pontus, in present-day Turkey o Less extreme; focused on communal prayer and helping the poor and the old o In the East St. Benedict of Nursia, c. 480-547 o Came from a wealthy Roman Family o When in his late teens, he became religious o He established Monte Cassino Not far from Rome o Created 530 rules that were written down The Franks Salian and Merovingian Franks Salian Franks o Northwestern corner of Europe o Been around Romans for a long time; learned from them o Clovis over throws the Roman rule to create: Merovingian Franks o Merovech Was a famous warrior that the kingdom was named after o Clovis created this kingdom, r. 486-511 Converts to Christianity in 496, to ease the combination of the cultures Catholic Recognized as a leader by religious power Christianity worked like glue o Territorial expansion during this time o Lasted for 2 centuries o New model of aristocrat Be a warrior and a land owner o “Mayor of the Palace” Being a king become more a symbolic figure; this position is like a Prime Minister, as all the real power Carolingian Franks Charles Martel, c. 688-741 o Great warrior Pepin (Pippen) the Short, 714-768 o Wanted to make himself king because he had all the power anyways o How? Cut a deal with the Pope Rome under threat from the Lombard’s to the North and the Byzantines to the South Pope got military protection; Pepin gets confirmation for his actions from a trusted source o “Patrician of the Romans” Pope basically says that Pepin is a Roman Charlemagne, r. 768-814 o Most famous o Huge expansion during his rule o By his death, no Germanic people who hasn’t converted to Christianity o 800 AD, Christmas Day: Pope crowns him Emperor Stakes a claim that he is a Roman o Carolingian Renaissance during his reign Growth of culture and learning Claim to the Roman Empire o Not literate o Relied on churchmen to fill political gaps in his government They were educated and trusted Frankish Succession Combination of land owning and warrior skills to be considered an aristocrat Conversion to Christianity Renaissance Support from the Church Charlemagne considered to be one of the “Fathers of Europe”; founder of western culture o Exaggeration
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