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Psychology week 6

by: Shanna Beyer

Psychology week 6 PSYC 1030

Shanna Beyer
University of Memphis
GPA 3.9

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About this Document

Child development
General Psychology
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shanna Beyer on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1030 at University of Memphis taught by Freels in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Memphis.


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Date Created: 03/02/16
Psychology: Child Development Heredity: characteristics passed down from parents to children Genes: the information passed down - recessive: requires 2 copies - dominant: always passed down Heterochromia: melanin dysfunction that results in two different colored eyes Blood Typing: A, B, and O blood comes from genetics but displays incomplete dominance Innate Reflexes: - grasping reflex - sucking reflex - rooting reflex - moro reflex Motor and Sensory: - head to toe, middle to outside - occurring rapidly - newborn’s vision is tuned to about 1 foot in front of their face - by year 1, eyesight has fully matured Parental Influences: - genetic disorders are inherited due to no actions on the mother’s part - congenital issues - teratogens (drugs, alcohol) - babies are born addicted Infant Social Development: Separation Anxiety: - emotional attachment to parents is the first step - 2-3 months: baby begins to favor mother - normal for children to have some of this but may be severe Attachments: - quality revealed by how the child acts when the mother returns - Securely Attach: happy to see the mother - Insecure-avoidant: turns away from the mother - Insecure-ambivalent: wants to be close but not touching the mother Promoting Good Attachment: - attentiveness to the child - appropriate interactions at appropriate times - warm family atmosphere - affectional needs - day care Parenting Styles: - Authoritarian: overly strict - Overly Permissive: overly nice - Authoritative: most effective Authoritarian: - demand strict obedience and enforce rigid rules - few rights but many responsibilities - “seen but nit heard” - parents’ view on things should be the child’s - power-assertion: physical punishment or taking a privilege away - causes fear, lack of spontaneity, negative feelings - withdraw of affection Outcomes: - tend to be obedient and self-controlled - tend to be unemotional, withdrawn, apprehensive, dependent - self esteem issues Overly Permissive: - give little guidance - many rights, few responsibilities - wish to empower their children - rarely enforce rules Outcomes: - overly high self esteem - sense of entitlement - little self control - little ambition Authoritative: - good style - firm and consistent guidance with affection - praise, recognitions, approval, rules, reasons to encourage good r o i v a h e b - encourage children to act responsibly, to think, and to make good decisions Outcomes: - resiliency - competent, self-controlled, independent, assertive - manage emotions and good parenting skills Theory of Cognitive Development: - Assimilation: use mental thoughts and concepts in new situations - Accommodation: modifying of existing concepts to fit new ideas - horses vs. zebras - cars vs. trucks


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