MAKING OF 21ST CENT
MAKING OF 21ST CENT SIS 201
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Yvonne Frami on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SIS 201 at University of Washington taught by Joel Migdal in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see /class/192352/sis-201-university-of-washington in International Studies at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 09/09/15
SIS Final Study Guide 1 A persistent theme of the past century is the division between rich poor and middleincome states Whatspecific factors help explain poverty and low growth lWiat do you think must happen in order to close the income gap between countries In your answer be sure to discuss among other things whether foreign aid or trade should play a role Use concrete examples from readings and lectures o Thesis in order to close the gap between developed and third world countries it is essential that political establishments regulate the disposal of foreign aid in order to ensure the development of countries gt Brain drain gt Double edged sword not only takes away from third world but also moves human capital to developed countries gt IMF creates vicious cycle of short teerm policies which don39t allow development or growth gt Mishandling of foreign aid get s placed toward corrupt governments gt0pen trade 9 creates jobs 9 hope New Info CGLN Chickens Get Laid Nightly Con ict 73 of the bottom billion has been in or still are in civil war Bad Governance coup corruption turnarounds Landlocked with bad neighbors trade transportation Natural Resource 7 Dutch disease Collier Manufacturers and series offer much better prospects of equitable and rapid development Rich Countries tried to change their trade policies They were protectionist fomi subsidies This is currently hurting developing countries Aid not only the answer Aid can reduce capital ight and make private investment from foreign investors more attractive Thesis To explain poverty and IOW growth in the bottom billion in the bottom billion collier presents the four traps as the de ning factors ofthe gap between third world and industrialized countries EV lWiat was the attraction of stateled development to new postcolonial leaders after WWII lWiy were the results of such policies considered disappointing lWiat elements of statism do we see today in capitalist countries and what are the arguments infavor ofheavier state involvement in economies In your answer be sure to explain whatstatism is and to reference authors who address this issue SM Compare and contrast Woodrow Wilson Franklin Roosevelt and George W Bush s approaches to constructing world order lWiatwere their underlying assumptions about the world views on US power and security and beliefs about the importance of institutions VW llCl l approach was most and least successful Define the criteria you use to assess success and failure and explain how you arrive at your assessment le SIS Final Study Guide 0 Thesis all saw the US as a superpower and believed democracy and free trade to be principles of the American system each administration experienced a view that shaped their respective policies gtWilson and W1 ending 1 Self determination collective security 9 Neutral Ahead of his time with 14 points not accepted in uenced later generations 9 Wanted to prevent WWII via international collective security and oversight 14 Points gt Roosevelt and The Depression I Keynesian economics New Deal 9 Positive Implemented social democratic reform and led country out of Depression 9 Wanted to get economy back on track Fireside Chat gt Bush and September 11 Neoconservative milita 1 Negative Iraq War distraction ghting an idea War on Terror neglecting economy I Wanted to go after bin Laden One of the themes of the 20th century is the law of unintended consequences in which the policy of a state back red and turned out to be detrimental to its intended beneficiaries Think about the reasons why some policies had unintended e ects What lessons can world leaders draw from these cases to deal with problems facing the world today without making similar mistakes Discuss these lessons with regard to two issues which may include but are not limited to the following list international terrorism accommodating rising powers global inequality global warming and competition for scarce resources 0 Thesis unintended consequences occur when policies are not evaluated under all circumstances In order to better evaluate policies leaders must think of possible repercussions Two major examples of unintended consequences in history are the creation of the Berlin Wall and the Iranar gt Berlin Wall 1 Established to keep capitalism out of East Germany I Reagan and Gorbachev 9 Tear down this wallquot gt Iraq War I Invade Iraq to stop terrorquot 1 US loss ofpowersoft power I Neglect of Afghanistan 181 Import substitution industrialization 9 Create industry through govemment policy Shift from agriculture 9 industiy Protectionism increased tariffs Unsustainable Statism EXZ Latin America MAD Mutually Assured Destruction 5 Take on the role of an advisor to President 0bama and write a memo outlining proposals to guide an international conference on measures to deal with the e ects of the current global SIS Final Study Guide nancial crisis and recession lWiat problems do you think the crisis may cause in the coming years and how might existing institutions be improved or supplanted to address them Base your advice on your knowledge of the 20th century and your reading of authors such as Frieden and Zakaria o Thesis 1 would recommend that Obama instigate a plan that includes an increase in federal oversight increase of exports and reduction on the dependence of foreign capital gt 9 Describe the world at the beginning of the Cold War from the USSR39s point of view If Stalin were to argue his side of the story how would Gaddis answer him How would Truman respond to Stalin Keep in mind the role of misperceptions and discuss how they emerged How could misperceptions have been avoided Stalin argues defensive planning Gaddis argues narcicism and glory want for world dominance Truman argues defensive planning is an aggressive move Vlisperception security dilemma 9 defensive planning 9 aggressive W W I and WWII attacks from Germany causes Stalin to build up defensive strategies NSC68 9 Nuclear arms are potential threat 7 How do security challenges posed by international terrorist groups such as alQaeda compare with security threats during the Cold War How did the USand its allies respond to security threats during the Cold War and do you think that these responses would be e ective against stateless actors lWiat role can governments international organizations and non governmental organizations play in responding to the security challenges of the 21st century Consider the arguments of Gaddis Zakaria and other readings in your response 0 ThesisTerrorists groups prove to be more of a direct security threat than Soviet aggression because they are stateless actor that pursue fundamentalist agendas However US response of containment against the Soviets can be used to combat terrorists today gt Game theory terrorists are more of a threat than Soviets were Thesis Although the Soviets and terrorists groups have different ideologies the US can draw on Cold War tactics combat modern terrorism Zakaria Asymmetric W arfar Terrorists are more if a security threat Unpredictable agendas Why soviets were less of a threat Game Theory W hat can we use from Soviet era against terrorist groups Containment Kennan cannot ght idea must contain groups to stop domino effect 8 Two major intellectual paradigms for understanding the world after the end of the Cold War were Fukuyama s quotEnd of History and Huntington s quotClash of Civilizations lWiat did they argue Looking with hindsight at the world since the Cold War ended which paradigm doyou think was better at explaining reality lWiat did they get right and wrong In your opinion is either or both useful for explaining the world today My or why not SIS Final Study Guide 0 Thesis Although Huntington and Fukuyama both are useful for critiquing the world today Huntington39s paradigm is more accurate in explaining the world today This is because Fukuyama39s paradigm is cookie cutter gt Huntington I Clash of civilizations religion ethnicity identity 9 Rwanda DaIfur Somalia etc I Islamist fundamentalist movement vs western ideology gt Fukuyama 1 End of world history as capitalism 9 Fast model ofhistory I Not true Capitalism constantly being reformed not one cookie cutter idea Ex China and India gtWhich is more correct 1 Huntington because of Iraq War Islamist fundamentalist movements etc I Fukuyama is wrong because capitalism is constantly being reformed 1 China is not purely capitalist not one perfect model Bandung Conference Brenznev Doctrine Containment Comparative Advantage Helsinki Advantage Designed to reduce tensions between soviet and western blocks 1975 35 nations meet in Finland 4 principals of EU security Economic coop humanitarian issues contact between east and west and followup Gold Standard Global Monetary System backed by gold Also provided stability Gentlemen39s clubquot and no government Intervention allowed to devalue currency Illiberal Democracy Democratically elected leader who once in power reverts to authoritarian ideals conability of freedom of speech and assembly Extremely controlled government Examples are China and India
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