ANT 304 - Week 3
ANT 304 - Week 3 ANT 304
Popular in Intro to Archaeol STDS: Prehistory
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Bruederlin on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 304 at University of Texas at Austin taught by F, Valdez in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 86 views. For similar materials see Intro to Archaeol STDS: Prehistory in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Texas at Austin.
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Date Created: 09/09/15
ANT 304 Intro to Archaeological Studies Page numbers for next week Chapter 1 2529 3240 Chapter 2 4750 5668 7275 7879 0 Ignore table 23 Chapter 3 85 93 97 111114 116121 Chapter 4 125131 145152 166172 Week 3 September 9 2015 19505 0 Placing of materials in context 0 Had an ecological background and what was evolved in that sense 19605 0 Graduate students people going to college on the GI bill People becoming familiar with computers The younger students could now process lots of data through the use of computers Wanted to apply scienti c research methods to archaeology Archaeologists led by Lewis Binford Lewis Binford o The introduction to the New Archaeology 0 Binford and his disciples not the nicest people New Archaeology 0 The new archaeologist wanted to understand explicitly the question of WHY 0 Why had things changed the way they did Why were cultures the way they were around the world 0 Wasn t enough to describe the past they wanted to explain it as well 0 Everything that there was to know about cultures was in the archaeological record Two things that come from Binford o Eventually it would be realized that the promises by archaeology were not going to be Not everything preserves But prophecies did hold up 0 You can explain certain things if you ask the right questions Keep in mind It isn t so much about the question is it there You have to be willing to ask the dif cult question and gure out if there is a way to answer such question if you re ever willing to nd the answer If you don t look for it it s a selfprophecy Processualarchaeology 0 Simply looks at process 0 We all live in a cultural context 0 It s one that is usually quali ed by some kind of label ie middleclass American 0 You have certain images given cultural context of what applies to your label 0 What s implied by middleclass American What s implied by Texan o Cultures will set institutions morals beliefs etc o The things that usually come to mind are generalized stereotypes Stereotypes o Tend to be prude and inaccurate generalizations 0 People in photography came into play and took photographs of Native American groups Always pictured with feathered head dress and typical clothing Though Native Americans should be dressed like that and would make them dress like that just for pictures 0 Very broad generalization Human culture is unique because much of it s content is transmitted from generation to generation by various communication systems 0 Can be formal education daytoday social interaction etc o REALLY IMPORTANT We are the only animals that use out culture as a primary means of adaptation Culture is an interface between ourselves our environment and other human societies 0 Culture can be divided into different aspects technology 0 Culture is the dominant factor in determining social behavior 0 How we learn what is considered to be proper behavior 0 Behavior at wedding vs Behavior at funeral 0 Not everyone follows the same behaviors A lot of interacting features or attributes of culture that are perishable Archaeologists have to work with solid tangible remains of whatever human activity took place 0 Tangible remains are involved with the intangible features or attributes those that are perishable When excavating artifacts they re ect a technology involved 0 May also be excavating the value that the society puts on those artifacts 0 Always consider context Artifacts found are not culture in it of themselves but they are a pattern re ection of the culture that produced them In archaeology we want to understand the cultural aspects along with how such interact with the environment T or F Every cultural system is in a constant state of change TRUE 0 We live in a time where it looks like culture is in rapid change of little things minor changes o In ten year segments become a little more obvious 0 Many of the changes that take place are not just aesthetic but may have to do with government regulations or issues of safety 0 Process implies a patterned sequence of events
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