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Module 7

by: Jayla Johnson
Jayla Johnson

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About this Document

This material covers the characteristics of a leader.
Critical Investigation: Teaching and Learning
Richard Curby Alexander
Class Notes
Education, Curby Alexander, Critical Investigation
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jayla Johnson on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EDUC 20003 at Texas Christian University taught by Richard Curby Alexander in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Critical Investigation: Teaching and Learning in Education and Teacher Studies at Texas Christian University.

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Date Created: 03/02/16
Leadership in Education  Learning Objectives 1. Students can describe the contributions to education made by the  following individuals: a. Erin Gruwell­  Erin Gruwell fostered and educational  philosophy that helped students who were deemed "unteachable" rethink  their beliefs about themselves and others. Those unteachable students went  on to college as well as published a book titled "The Freedom Writers Diary:  How a Teacher and 150 Teens Used Writing to Change Themselves and the  World Around Them".  b. James Comer­  James Comer Realized that the best way to  give students the support they weren't receiving at home is through schools.  He and other people apart of the education system created a social skills  program that integrated academic disciplines. Because of this curriculum,  students became aware of their community and how their involvement in it  could make a difference. c. Anne Mansfield Sullivan­  Anne Mansfield Sullivan pioneered the teaching of individuals without sight and hearing. Her great discovery was that a child should not be taught each word separately by an endless  repetition of language he or she does not understand all day long. Sullivan  would spell the words onto her student's hand to mimic the way a hearing  child would absorb words. Sullivan was the first to put this method to practice  and it worked. One of her students spoke and this had never been done  before.  d. Socrates­  Socrates did not consider himself a teacher in the  sense that he did not charge fees for his services as a philosopher. He  contributed to education through Socratic teaching, Socratic questioning, and  Socratic method. Socrates proposed that learning was "recollection" and  teaching is just a "midwife" assisting in the birth of knowledge in someone. He also forced people to think about things in human life that we don't normally  think about as well as think we have the answers to until it is brought to our  attention. e. John Dewey­  John Dewey argued that both philosophy and  education involve practical, experimental attempt to improve the human  condition. He claimed that schools were not preparing students for the  responsibilities of citizenship in a democracy. Because of this, he called for  schools to provide lessons on the democratic processes as well as reflect  those processes in everyday school life. Dewey established the University  Laboratory School at the University of Chicago, where he used the activities  and occupations of adult life to serve as the core of the curriculum. f. Horace Mann­  Horace Mann strongly believed in the ideals of  the common school. He saw education as a way in which the poor could raise themselves. Through him the idea of social mobility through education was  born in the United States. Mann lengthened the school term, increased  teachers salaries, introduced new textbooks, and organized libraries in many  schools. He was responsible for the Massachusetts Board of Education and  for the founding of the first public normal school in 1839. g. Jaime Escalante­  Jaime Escalante knew that poor and  immigrant children were capable of great intellectual feats. He helped many  Mexican American children and showed how remedial education can be  replaced with accelerated education. h. Robert Parris Moses­  Robert Parris Moses created Project  Algebra to use algebra as an organizing tool to raise the consciousness of  students, parents, and educators regarding how math is the key to quality  education and future success. Project Algebra is also recruiting, training, and  deploying black and white high school and college students. These students,  "math literacy workers", worth with and teach their younger peers. This has  allowed Moses to combined education with individual civil rights. 2. Students can explain the 7 main principles of leadership in education, and  describe how those principles apply to the lives of the 8 individuals previously  listed. a. Vision: know what you are asking others to work for b. Relationships: demonstrate to each person that he/she is  important and valued c. Clear Expectations: identify which behaviors are necessary to reach a goal d. Communication: articulate those behaviors and create a  feedback loop e. Accountability: create a culture of transparency, where  everyone knows what everyone else is doing  f. Example: lead by example, not just through words g. Flexibility: a leader must be creative, innovative when  things do not go as planned For each of the 8 people you read about, briefly explain the contributions each of  them has made to education.: Erin Gruwell fostered and educational philosophy that  helped students who were deemed "unteachable" rethink their beliefs about themselves and others. Those unteachable students went on to college as well as published a book titled  "The Freedom Writers Diary: How a Teacher and 150 Teens Used Writing to Change  Themselves and the World Around Them".  James Comer Realized that the best way to give students the support they weren't  receiving at home is through schools. He and other people apart of the education system  created a social skills program that integrated academic disciplines. Because of this  curriculum, students became aware of their community and how their involvement in it could make a difference. Anne Mansfield Sullivan pioneered the teaching of individuals without sight and hearing.  Her great discovery was that a child should not be taught each word separately by an  endless repetition of language he or she does not understand all day long. Sullivan would  spell the words onto her student's hand to mimic the way a hearing child would absorb  words. Sullivan was the first to put this method to practice and it worked. One of her  students spoke and this had never been done before.  Socrates did not consider himself a teacher in the sense that he did not charge fees for his  services as a philosopher. He contributed to education through Socratic teaching, Socratic  questioning, and Socratic method. Socrates proposed that learning was "recollection" and  teaching is just a "midwife" assisting in the birth of knowledge in someone. He also forced  people to think about things in human life that we don't normally think about as well as think  we have the answers to until it is brought to our attention. John Dewey argued that both philosophy and education involve practical, experimental  attempt to improve the human condition. He claimed that schools were not preparing  students for the responsibilities of citizenship in a democracy. Because of this, he called for  schools to provide lessons on the democratic processes as well as reflect those processes  in everyday school life. Dewey established the University Laboratory School at the  University of Chicago, where he used the activities and occupations of adult life to serve as  the core of the curriculum. Horace Mann strongly believed in the ideals of the common school. He saw education as a  way in which the poor could raise themselves. Through him the idea of social mobility  through education was born in the United States. Mann lengthened the school term,  increased teachers salaries, introduced new textbooks, and organized libraries in many  schools. He was responsible for the Massachusetts Board of Education and for the founding of the first public normal school in 1839. Jaime Escalante knew that poor and immigrant children were capable of great intellectual  feats. He helped many Mexican American children and showed how remedial education can be replaced with accelerated education. Robert Parris Moses created Project Algebra to use algebra as an organizing tool to raise  the consciousness of students, parents, and educators regarding how math is the key to  quality education and future success. Project Algebra is also recruiting, training, and  deploying black and white high school and college students. These students, "math literacy  workers", worth with and teach their younger peers. This has allowed Moses to combined  education with individual civil rights. Based on what you learned from these 8 individuals, explain what you believe to be  principles of leadership they all demonstrate. Support your responses with  examples.: One principle of leadership they all seem to demonstrate is that you should be  making changes that benefit society as a whole. John Dewey expressed that education is a  way to improve the human condition. Socrates was also on the search for truth through  human living. Each individual mentions humanity during their time of leadership.


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