Chapter 1 Notes
Chapter 1 Notes HNES 250
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anna Dosso on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HNES 250 at North Dakota State University taught by Elizabeth Hilliard in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Nutrition science in Nursing and Health Sciences at North Dakota State University.
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Date Created: 09/09/15
Nutrition Week 2 Aug 31st Power Point Fillins listed in order from topbottom Slide 2 TF Questions 1T 2 F 3 F 4 F 5 F Slide 3 0 Scienti c 0 Health 0 Metabolize Slide 5 0 Ethnic Heritage 0 Values Slide 9 o Cigarette Smoking 0 Inactivity Slide 11 0 Energy 0 Lipids 0 Water Slide 12 0 Energy 0 Growth 0 Tissue Slide 13 o Macronutrients o Micronutrients 0 Water Slide 14 o Missed o Suf cient Amounts o Suf cient Slide 15 o Macronutrients o Micronutrients 0 Water Slide 16 0 Answer is D Slide 17 o Carbs 4 o Lipids 9 0 Proteins 4 0 Alcohol 7 Slide 21 o Vitamins 0 Minerals Slide 22 o 240 o 2836g Slide 24 0 Answer is B Slide 25 0 Answer is B Slide 26 0 Peer Slide 34 o Placebos 0 Variables 0 Double blind Slide 36 0 Healthy 0 Recommended Slide 43 0 Answer is B Slide 44 0 Diet 0 Laboratory MY NOTES Food Safety 0 Contaminations like sh with mercury 0 Food borne illness food poisoning Cooking precautions to insure safe food is prepared Food Habits Preferences 0 Ethnic Heritage or Tradition 0 Social interactions such as birthdays weddings and holidays 0 Values based on religion or emotions No sh on Fridays No pork No meat vegans Diet can cause a lot of problems but other factors also have a contribution such as o Genetics 0 Age Nutrition can not only be a cause of illness but also a treatment Nutrient Toxicity you can get sick from too much of a particular vitamin Commonly too much Vitamin A can be dangerous even lethal You can also have nutrient de ciencies such as Iron de ciency or Scurvy which is a vitamin C de ciency Of the risk factors listed all are diet related except for Cigarette smoking and Inactivity PUFA Poy unsaturated fatty acids WATER is a NUTRIENT Vitamins Minerals and Water do not provide Energy Water soube vitamins cannot be stored Fat soube vitamins are stored in bqu by our body Water is the most important nutrient our body needs of Energy yielding nutrients o Carbohydrates 4 kcag o Lipids 9 kcag 0 Proteins 4 kcag 0 Alcohol 7 kcag Carbohydrates are easily broken down into Carbon Hydrogen and Oxygen Lipids are long chains of primarily Carbon and Hydrogen with very little oxygen 0 This lack of oxygen makes them less soluble in water Proteins have Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen and Nitrogen 0 They are built of amino acids and are used for building muscle How to use the values of Energy yielding nutrients to determine calories gained 0 Ex 1 pc Bread 1 tablespoon Peanut butter 16g CHO 4kcag 7g protein 4kcag 9 g fat 9kcag 0 Total Cal 416 47 99 173cals o Cal from fat 81173 100 47 Inorganic NO carbon 0 5070 of out body is made up of water Water is inorganic it helps cool our body transport nutrients and get rid of waste 0 Minerals are also inorganic Higher energy density means having a more dense food with more fats and sugars o 3 cups of popcorn has the same number of kcalg as a table of oil Despite there being much more popcorn High nutrient dense means it is denser with nutrients but lacks energy Research must have a peer review must be replicated and must be accepted over multiple years Dietary Reference Intakes o EAR is based on 50 of the population Energy recommendations are set at the EAR Energy is likely from carbs o RDA is based on 98 of the population and varies for male and female Nutrient recommendations are set at the RDA 0 Al is a study of healthy people and what they eat 0 Maximum amount you can take without experiencing toxicity View table in power point on slide 37 AMDR o Divides out the of each macronutrient you should consume to have a healthy diet Carb 4565 0 Fat 2035 0 Protein 1035