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Chapter 13 Social Pysichology section Notes

by: JoyContreras

Chapter 13 Social Pysichology section Notes Psychology 1301 (Skye Woestehoff)

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These are the notes that include one week of chapter 13 notes. From the attribution theory to Prejudice. Includes pictures and examples for a better understanding of the material.
Introduction to Psychology
Skye Woestehoff
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by JoyContreras on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 1301 (Skye Woestehoff) at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Skye Woestehoff in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 143 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Texas at El Paso.

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Date Created: 03/02/16
                      Social Psychology             Attribution Theory( how we think or catch about others behavior)  We can attribute behavior to ­ The person’s personality:( dispositional situation) Example: I assume you have not done much today because you are lazy, rather than perhaps tired or lack the right resources.  ­ The situation: external, something around them. ( situational attribution) Attribution Theory led to  Fundamental Attribution error: to overestimate the influence of someones  personality(disposition) and underestimate the influence of the situation.    We attribute others behavior to a disposition.  But we tend to attribute our own behavior to the situation.  Why do we attribute others behavior to a disposition but attribute our own behavior?   Attribute Cause: We attribute cause to the focus of our attention. ­ Observing: The person  ­ Acting­ The environment. Get more information from your surroundings/conditions.  Example: Reckless driving.    Shift perspectives, change attributions Suspect­Focused V. Equal focus camera. ­Change perceived voluntariness of the confession.  Cognitive dissonance is the mental discomfort when beliefs are inconsistent with their  behavior. Behaviors don’t line up with beliefs, we change out beliefs. Similar to denial.  ­Behavior= cool ­Belief= Not cool  Example: Fox and the grapes. ­Belief: Grapes are delicious. ­Behavior: Can’t get the grapes. ( He could not reach the grapes so he changed his belief  to, “well the grapes are not that good”.  Example 2 ­Buying suits Juan goes to the mall and buys a nice suit for 300 dollars. He goes to work and his friend  Richard sees his suit, he goes to the the same store a week later and finds it at 50% off=  150 dollars.  ­Who would be happier? Juan is happier because he loved the suit(belief) it did not matter is he spent 300 dollars  on it. ( he stood up to his belief)   Want to reduce discomfort  ­ A. Change belief ­ either in a positive or negative way. ­B. Change behavior  Most Boring Experiment by Leon Festinger and James Carlsmith ­ Payed $1­20 to say its super cool and asked: How enjoyable was it. Belief= Horrible  Behavior= Fun  ­ RESULTS  ­ $1= Call to do it again. It was not a lot of money but they lied because it changed their  belief.  ­$20= Worst experiment ever!!!!!!!!! Money was enough so they were completely honest  and not come ever again to do the same experiment.  Compliance Technique= Getting people to say “YES”       ­Types of Compliance Technique. 1. Foot­in­the­door­ Small request then follow up with a larger request. Small then large  = to 76% say yes.  ­Feel obligation when you ask for something bigger the second time.  Example: When you want to go with a girl or a boy to a date, you don’t want to start off  by proposing to them, you will obviously get rejected but if f you start with something  small you will probably succeed .   2. Door­in­the­face=From big to a small request. Expected to be rejected  Example: Counseling Juveniles ­Large: 2 hours a week with no pay. 17% yes  ­Small: Chaperon Juveniles for 1 Zoo day. 50% yes The smaller you change it to, the higher the % of people accepting the request.  3. Low­ball technique  commit to low price  ­Increase the price.  Feel like they can’t back out.  4. Norm of reciprocity= Obligated to return favors. Example: whenever someone gives you a ride because you don’t want to walk home, you will feel the need to repay that person in the future.  Micro­aggression ­Behavioral, or emotional indignities whether intentional on unintentional, that  communicate hostile, or slights and insults. Is is similar to water torture( the situation  happens constantly/ on a daily basis.  How the media treats ­ White perpetrators vs. Black victims  Ted Bundy= was a serial killer that confessed of murdering 30 human beings. He was  presented to the media as someone that was smart, played sports etc.                             Prejudice  A unjustifiable( usually negative) attitude toward a group and its members. Includes: ­Stereotypes: a generalized belief about a group of people. For example: all  women are bad drivers. All Mexican are “Narcos”.  ­Discrimination: Is an unjustifiable negative behavior towards a group an its members.  How does Prejudice affect others?  Preference to a certain thing like the preference for white rather than black skin. People  who haven’t been exposed to prejudice have a hard time understanding it. Jane Eliot  experiment. Doll  experiment       Why does it exist? ­In group bias= “us” ­out­group= “them” ­Depends where we are/ what we are doing.   In­group bias   In­group Heterogeneity= we are all different.  Out­group homogeneity= but we are all the same.  In­group bias=we like us. =Mean girls movie   Why does it exist? 1. In­group bias. 2. To justify inequality Just word phenomenon­ People get what they deserve and deserve hat they get. 3. Someone to blame.       


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