Psychology 202: Positive Psychology
Psychology 202: Positive Psychology
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This 3 page Reader was uploaded by Bryce Buser on Sunday June 8, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of Oregon taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 90 views.
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Date Created: 06/08/14
Psychology 202 CRN 37657 T R 4 550pm Updates This is the nal lecture of PS Y202 before the nal What You Need to Know Notes that you need to know are in black Any notes that I have added for clarity on the topic will be in green Hopefully this makes things a more clear for you all and if you have any ideas in how I can format these notes to make things even easier send me an email at buseruoregonedu Study Tip Turn these notes into ashcards Use bolded words for the front and the definitions for the back Keep your eating and sleeping patterns consistent through dead week If you are used to going to bed at a certain amount of time it won39t do you any good you stay up all night before a final studying This isn39t healthy anyway From this class we heard that memory is formed during sleep read you notes over during the day and that night you will start to form the memory of what you have heard Thursday lune 4 2014 Corresponding Readings Textbook none Vocabulary Martin Seligman big cheese in the 90s He was more about looking at mental illness vs mental wellness and happiness vs sadness and how it applies to everyone creating the field of positive psychology Why Happiness from the evolutionary perspective happiness serves as a reward to motivate us toward adaptive actions The approach dopamine rewards u s and the attainment serotonin rewards us Evolutionary Purpose of Life your genes make more of your genes Host s Purpose of Life you live a meaningful life Hedonic Treadmill happiness doesn39t last we can expect it to act as eating and satiety does We also typically overestimate how loge these feelings exist We also emotionally adapt which leads to decreased happiness over time about something Affective Forecasting Errors people tend to overestimate both how happy positive things will make them and how upset negative things will make them Impact Bias overestimating the impact of single events In reality the impact of that event will be diluted by everything else in your life Set Point Theory everyone s body had predetermined a point that their body temperature and cognitive attribution style will stay at according to genetics Some Things Aren39t Written the bad we don39t always adapt to things and here are 3 of things that have lasting differences in happiness 1 Noise 2 Commuting to work the best thing psychologically to do here is to live close to your job 3 Children people who do not have children are happier than couples who do However couples that had children who are now moved out in college etc are happiest of all Mood While With Happiest to least Happy 1 Friends 2 Relatives 3 Significant Other 4 Children 5 Co workers 6 Boss 7 Alone Mood While Doing Happiest to least Happy 1 Intimate Relations 2 Socializing 3 Prayer Meditation 4 Watching TV 5 Spending Time with Children 6 Housework 7 Commuting Children can be a net positive if 1 You are married 2 You are not too young 3 You are male Some Things Aren39t Written the good 1 Plastic Surgery increases your happiness and you stay happy 2 Marriage 3 Religion 4 Money 5 Friends 6 Gratitude Religion and Happiness the more often you attend services the happier you are All people tend to get happier as the week progresses Religious people increase through Sunday while non religious people tend to decrease in happiness on Sundays Christians on Twitter express more positive emotions and less negative emotions Atheists on Twitter express less positive emotion and more negative emotion The Nuance works with difficult circumstances low education income life expectancy safety and basic need fulfillment Those who are living harder lives in poor countries rely heavier on religion than those in richer countries Religion Associated with Happiness 1 if the majority of the population is religious 2 if like is challenging 3 can include social connections 4 prayer and rituals can help Money and Happiness Easterlin Paradox economic growth after a certain point down not increases happiness ie after food shelter clothes etc have been paid for and the argument has been made that money can buy happiness if you know how to spend it 1 Buy experiences not things for example trips or skydiving vs a lot of chocolate 2 Make it a treat example on piece of chocolate vs a whole bag that will last a while 3 Spend it on someone else Spend Money on Someone Else charity has a profound and lasting impact on happiness and has been shown to be true both in correlation and experimentally