Week 1 Notes
Week 1 Notes REL 2301 - 10: Christianity
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rylie McMillan on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to REL 2301 - 10: Christianity at George Washington University taught by Jon D. Wood in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 72 views. For similar materials see Christianity in Religious Studies at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 09/09/15
Titles Jesus Christ Hebrew Term for God Saves actual name Title gt messiah someone raised up for a special purpose from God Literal translation anointed almost always signifies a particular kind of task gt king doesn t have to mean king in all cases gt can be a special prophet or leader great leader who deliverssavesheals etc title can be a title of respect gt Le sir Lord YHWA God YHWA so holy it s not supposed to be said gt it s the proper name of God signifies God Son of God Son of Man Context eschatological savior gt associated with the end times Jewish Background to first century of the common era 1000 BCE gt important transformation of tiny jewish enclave establishment of the kingdom of Saul Kingdom of David Kingdom split within the century into 2 separate kingdoms 700s BCE gt northern kingdom annihilated by the assyrians Southern kingdom persists for a few more centuries Jerusalem is the capital of the southern Kingdom in Juda Juda gt capital temple at jerusalem Animal sacrifice was a major part of the religion gt could only be done at jerusalem Babylonian Exile the babylonians laid waste to the assyrians 586 BCE they destroyed the temple and exiled the jewish people they were deported to Babylon Hellenism gt begins in 300 BCE gt some jews remain in Babylon some jews go live in other places the Jews developed ways of gathering to worship that didn t involve animal sacrifices IMPORTANT DEVELOPMENT gt synagogue No animal sacrifices in synagogues gt mainly practice in greek not hebrew or aramaic Judaism becomes a very text oriented religion gt studying of sacred texts replaced animal sacrifices Septuagint gt develops out of hellenism gt the greekjewish bible Alexander the Great is the founder of hellenism gt spreads greek culture all over the place Hasmoneans gt romans Antiacus caused a rebellion by claiming to be god gt 160 BCE brief restoration of a hebrew king only lasted about a hundred years Romans come along and convert it into a puppet state Ball starts rolling in the 60s BCE During all this Rome is transmuting from a republic to an empire story of Daniel written during the hasmonean era Story of Jesus Jews exempted from acknowledging the divine spirit of the emperor had special exemption from the Romans to worship their own god on the behalf of the empire The jews live in palestine which the Roman empire wants nothing to do with No roman writings about Jesus because Romans couldn t care less about some random palestinian rabbi Only source of writings about Jesus come from christian sources almost always have some reference to the birth narrative incarnation Davidic Messiah Descendant of the greatest king God becoming flesh John the Baptist baptism Repent and be baptized because the end of times is near Jesus is baptized gt God says this is my son baptism is the inauguration of this eschatological era temptation in desert for 40 days reminiscent of the people of Israel wandering the desert for 40 years Ministry Miracles teachings Jesus is unlimited in his miracles to good people gt engages with peripheral and unliked people Associates with tax collecters foreigners prostitutes Teachings get him into a lot of trouble gt all things are clean challenges jewish tradition and law
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