Week 1 - Predynastic & Old Kingdom Egypt
Week 1 - Predynastic & Old Kingdom Egypt ARTH1509
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tatiana Tabares on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH1509 at University of Colorado taught by Dusinberre,Elspeth Ro in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see Trash and Treasure in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Colorado.
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Date Created: 09/09/15
Week 1 Notes PREDYNASTIC AND OLD KINGDOM EGYPT What was Egypt The gift of the Nile What were its natural resources 0 Fertile soil quotblack earthquot Gold Copper Stone Minerals Metals Role of religion 0 Because of the terrain and the weather many Gods were worshiped Sun God Horus Falcon Gods of Fertility Worship and importance of death Reincarnation O O O 0 Upper Egypt vs Lower Egypt 0 Upper South 0 Lower North Unification of upper and lower Egypt 0 Narmer unified upper and lower Egypt during the Early Dynastic Period 0 Horus the Sun God handed Narmer the delta of the Nile Lower Egypt Papyrus Predynastic c 55003100 0 7 12 thousand years ago Painting at hierakonpolis pot from hierakonpolis o Hierakonpolis the dying side of the Nile on the West lmportance of Death 0 Painting Week 1 Notes 0 Master of Animals human control over bad nature 0 MIXED PERSPECTIVE Goats in circle pen I Narmer Smiting o HIERARCHTIC SCALE Early dynastic first and second dynasties c 31002686 Palette of Narmer ca 3100 0 Made of local dark grey whacky 0 Made to grind Kohl o Kohl eyeliner to keep flies out of eyes many eye borne diseases Narmers name is on this palette 0 He was the first individual who united upper and lower Egypt o On the palette he is smiting his foe o Falcon on palette symbolizes the Sun God Horus carrying the Delta of the Nile with a rope Lower Egypt to Narmer Centralized government Technical progress of arts o Egyptian art tended to be conceptual instead of realistic 0 Mixed perspective 0 The perspective at which they were drawn was conceptual not physically possible 0 They drew what they saw but not in a realistic way 0 Hierarchic Scale 0 The more important the person the bigger they were portrayed o Fat ros were related to wealth Mastabas c 3000 o Tombs Solid mud brick no rooms o Sereda Shaft to tomb below 0 Antichamber o Necropolis quota city of the deadquot where mastabas were grouped together Statues 0 Ba animating Life force Week 1 Notes 0 Ka more physical used so that you could come and take the place of the statue after death to come and go from the after life Third dynasty Zoser djoser imhotep o Joins Horus after death Pharoahs become Gods after deat o His Ka statue had its eyes picked out Step pyramid at saqqara c 2680 on Western side of the Nile o Papyrus Lower Egypt 0 Lotus Higher Egypt Rehotep and nofret from meydum c 2630 Wealthy people could also have Ka statues 0 Gender distinction of color 0 Men are dark 0 Females are light creamy 0 Detail oriented realistic Geese from the mastaba of atet at meydum c 2630 o In the Old Kingdom was very crisp 0 Art was very important in creating the after life Fourth dynasty c 26132494 the pyramid age Pyramid of khufulKhafre at giza 25892566 0 Best preserved pyramid 0 There are many questions as to how the pyramids were built Statues Khafra from giza c 2500 o Embraced by Horus the Sun God the falcon o Embraced around head 0 Gnise imported stone o Blue associated with good luck Week 1 Notes 0 Represents a unified Egypt 0 Papyrus Lower Egypt Delta 0 Lotus Upper Egypt 0 Fertility Menkauralmykerinus and queen khamererenebty c 2500 o Fertility is important 0 Bulge in queens stomach 0 Left foot fonNard 0 Queens arm around the Pharoah Painting and relief sculpture Tomb of ti fifth cynasty 24942345 0 Sculpture that is part of the wall but sticks out from it 0 Labor intensive o Heirarchtic scale Ti is more important than those in the sculpture What is portraiture 0 Not about realism but about conceptualizing the person 0 Symbolism
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