New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 3: Federalism

by: TylerElliot

Chapter 3: Federalism POLS 1010

Marketplace > Ohio University > History > POLS 1010 > Chapter 3 Federalism
GPA 3.7
politics in the USA
Loren Goldman

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes from Chapter 3 on Federalism in We The People by Ginsberg, Lowe, Weir, and Tolbert.
politics in the USA
Loren Goldman
Class Notes
political science, PoliSci, POLS1010, Politics, federalism
25 ?




Popular in politics in the USA

Popular in History

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by TylerElliot on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1010 at Ohio University taught by Loren Goldman in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see politics in the USA in History at Ohio University.


Reviews for Chapter 3: Federalism


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/09/15
We The People Chapter 3 Federalism 9714 91115 0 Federalism in the Constitution 0 How governments organize power Federalism the division of powers and functions between the national government and the state governments Unitary System Central government makes important decisions and the lower levels of government have little independent power 0 Powers of national government Expressed powers Specific powers granted to Congress and the President by the Constitution Implied powers Powers derived from the necessary and proper clause such powers are not specifically expressed but are implied or suggested 0 Powers of state government 10th amendment grants reserved powers which are not specifically delegated to the national government or denied to the states 0 Develop and enforce criminal codes 0 Administer health and safety rules 0 Regulate marriage and divorce laws 0 Regulate licensure of certain jobs 0 Define private property Police power power reserved to the state government to regulate the health safety and morals of its citizens Concurrent powers authority possessed by both state and national governments 0 Charter banks 0 Approvedeny corporate charters o Regulate labor conditions 0 Levytaxes 0 States obligations to one another Promotes national unity Full Faith and Credit Clause requires states normally honour the public acts and judicial decisions that take place in another state Privileges and Immunities Clause a state cannot discriminate against someone from another state or give its own residents special privilege 0 Local government Has no status in Constitution States rule local governments Larger cities have Home Rule power delegated by the state to a local unit of government to manage its own affairs 0 Relationship Between Federal Government and the States 0 Restraining national power Dual Federalism the traditional system used from 17891937 where powers are shared between federal and state government Since 1970 a lot of criminal laws have been adopted by Congress which shows a lot of fundamental governing had been done by states Framework of Constitution determined what level of government does what and through that determines the political development of the country 0 Growth of national government s power Commerce Clause delegates power to regulate commerce with foreign nations and among states to Congress 0 Supreme court ruled in favour of national power over economy 1937 Supreme Court rules for a stronger federal government that has power to protect rights of employees and regulating laws pertaining to factories and farmland 0 Changing role of states 10th amendment used as argument for States Rights principle that states should oppose increasing authority of national government 0 ldea popular during Civil War In issues of segregation in the South supporters thought States Rights should override individual rights to liberty and formal equality 0 Issues of gun restrictions near schools was ruled a stateenforced restriction instead of federal States still have power but also share a lot of it with the federal government 0 Federal Framework 0 The New Deal States and localities proved unable to cope with the demands of the Great Depression By 1932 25 of the workforce were unemployed New Deal a number of proposals made by President Franklin Roosevelt in 1933 that were to provide financial relief and work programs 0 Federal Grants I GrantsinAid programs where Congress provides money to state and local governments on the condition that the funds be used for purposes defined by the federal government New Deal expanded grantsinaid into social programs like providing assistance to poor children More grants were added by Congress after WWII to help states fund activities like building highways and providing school lunches I Categorical Grants grants given to states by Congress on the condition that they be used for a problem or group specified by law 0 Medicaid program I Project Grants programs where state and local governments submit proposals to federal agencies and funding is provided on a competitive basis I Formula Grants grantsinaid in which a formula is used to determine how much federal funds a state or local governments will receive 0 This let the national government gain control over which state and local governments got money how much they got and how they spent o Cooperative Federalism I A new type of federalism since the New Deal that uses grantsinaid to encourage states and localities to pursue national goals 0 Regulated Federalism and National Standards I National government uses grantsinaid and regulations to create similarities among states 0 Adding regulations is a move toward regulated federalism where Congress imposes legislations on states and localities and requires them to meet national standards 0 This made areas of environmental protection social services and education more uniform across the states I Preemption The principle that allows national government to override state and local actions in certain policy areas 0 Federal Regulatory Agencies can also issue rules that override state law State and local governments often contest federal preemptions 2009 policy is placed that federal regulations should only preempt state laws in extraordinary situations I Growth of national standards has created an increase in unfunded mandates regulations or conditions for receiving grants that impose costs on state and local governments that are not reimbursed by the federal government 0 States and localities protested this because it took so much of their budget that they couldn t set their own priorities 0 New Federalism 0 State control I Since 1970 devolution the transferring of responsibility for policy from the federal government to the states and localities became popular I In order to reduce federal control state authorities have looked to block grants which are federal grantsinaid that allow the states considerable leeway in spending the money o Nixon pushed for this in the 1970 s as part of his New Federalism idea 0 Consolidated programs forjob training community development and social services I General Revenue Sharing federal assistance that provided money to state and local governments with no strings attached I At times federal government must limit state spending in cases where it thinks the states are too generous o Devolution I Redistributive programs programs designed to benefit the poor I Political scientists and economists argue that since states have to compete with one another they don t have the incentive to spend money on needy people


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.