SOC 240 notes from week three
SOC 240 notes from week three Soc 240
Popular in People In Places: Understanding and Developing Community
Popular in Sociology
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daniel Meyer on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 240 at Illinois State University taught by Michael Dougherty in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see People In Places: Understanding and Developing Community in Sociology at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 09/09/15
WEEK THREE TUESDAY Rural Communities FloraFlora 4 stories c0mmunities Ruralremote 0 Very far away from large cities Small place amongst a vast void of land 0 N0 benefit from proximity to urban center Amenitybased I Touristnatural attractions are abundant I People really want to livevisit this place Rapid growth exurban I Used to be rural now becoming a suburb I Encompassed by urban sprawl Chicagoland keeps expanding further and further from the city center Bolingbrook used to be ruralfarming now it is the edge of the suburbs Persistent Poverty I Community relies on one industry I Industry tends to be extractive I Extractive goods are primary commodities I Primary commodities have volatile prices in the market The prices go up and down regularly and dramatically Important factors are isolationmobility What makes a place rural People therejobs offered farms vs office Culture 0 Type of economy in a place Population density peopleplacenumber of individualstotal space 0 Typically speaking rural areas have more dense social relationships 0 Some socially vibrant city neighborhoods buck this trend Isolatedremote need to go far for certain goods services Constant state of change Often the term rural makes people think of the painting American Gothic a plain couple man is holding a pitchfork Rural towns in Illinois represented by our classmates Henry 0 2500 residents 35 miles to Peoria not very close in proximity Many residents work at the plastic resin plant Many residents work in agriculture corn soy production Recently a Subway sandwich shop appeared in town This town is a mix of all rural classifications besides amenity based Divernon 0 1200 residents 0 Combined school district with another town I Middle school in Dyvernon I Elementary schoolHigh school in other town I For sports Dyvernon represents another town 0 Population ow out of Dyvernon during school day 0 Cultural ow out of Dyvernon on game day 0 People commute to Springfield for work I This community is rapid growth eX urban Community of place inhabitants live work consume inside the community If an economy doesn t sustain community it calls into question if the place can be defined as one Seven Community Capitals Assets Human 0 People go to work earn wages spend money shareexhibit skills and teach inside the community Money 0 Is currency when spent on goodsservices o Is capital when invested to create diVidendprofit Natural 0 Natural resources 0 Amenities lakes mountains etc 0 Central Illinois has incredible soil great for crops Built 0 Infrastructure I Bridges I Roads I Street lamps Political power 0 Rulesregulations 0 Ability to in uence distribution of resources Cultural 0 People have access to aspects of society OOOOO I Upbringingconnections I Education 0 FloraFlora the culture of the location can be developed into a product I Cultural festival Corn Fest I Chinatown Little Italy Used to be ethnic enclaves Still has concentration of ethnicity but behavior is less uniform Social Value of relationships Substance of our relationships Connects people in community 0 Passage of information 0 Building trust I If people are more focused on group there is less focus on self interest I Passage of information requires relationships networking THURSDAY Social Capital Cultural Capital Value of relationships Local culture used for economic development corn fest Two or more people A group is necessary for culture Germans Italians Jews Economic value in the relationship Relationships inside and outside the community are needed to know what is real in terms of culture Allowed sharing of resources COMMUNITY LOST Arguably community is lost We are amidst GOGOGO Capitalism What was once thriving and vibrant is now desolate and empty 0 Think of the empty dorms next to the REC center Uptown Normal used to be known as downtown normal up until 2002 o It was a boring place and unpopulated It was rearranged after 2002 and rebranded as uptown o It became a more populated and exciting place 0 The fountain is very pretty 0 In essence this community was saved 0 Keep in mind an outside source from Chicago was contracted to restructure Uptown o Is this truly unique to Normal Illinois Is globalization going to continue destroying community ties The Professional Problem 0 McKnight professionals don t have community in mind 0 Professionals don t fix issuesthe actually cause issues 0 Professionals are inefficient I Less is done with more people Jesse It is backwards to blame the professionals 0 The real problem is issues with our economy 0 If these issues and problems were fixed there would be no need for jobs 0 We are trapped in a system where we need problems Service Professionals 0 These folks interact with others for their career job 0 The professionals label and define problems Professionals have the power and control to label obscure issues 0 They tell citizens they are type client Professionalism reduces human interaction It turns it into economic interaction Citizens are those who are active in the community 0 They actually go to town hall for meetings and do community service routinely 0 Citizens are engaged because they think they can change the community When a community stops manufacturing occurring in US service production increases 0 Citizens are reprioritized as clients 0 Thus professionals take power away from the community Teachers label students without degrees as deficient so as to create a need for their teaching job Three Explanations Ine iciency o The specific professional just isn t that good at their job 0 Maybe they aren t driven maybe they are bored Arrogance 0 Dr Bloomfield first name Pam never introduces herself as Pam 0 Doctors have a tendency to treat patients as empty vessels which are to be filled with information Iatrogenic o Helpers hurt 0 People providing service helping hurt you in order to maintain client base 0 Solutions to problems make the problems worse 0 Medicines to cure sicknesses have awful side effects DeTocqueville Foreigner came to America in 1830smaybe 40s and observed American communities meeting like at town hall and trying to diagnosetreat issues in their communities 0 He noted small groups of common citizens are coming together to form associations that solve problems 0 Fast forward to the present 0 Labeled people with problems are surrounded by services and become isolated from the community which wasn t the intended purpose of the services Wendell Berry 0 Kentucky born novelist poet and farmer o New agrarianism o Neo gemeinschaft 0 We should all be self sufficient and have abilities I We need to know how to grow our own food produce our own fertilizers produce certain crops for material fibers 0 Advanced capitalismwe can t make our own stuff 0 We should take pride in good work working with hands Berry Resurgence Article 0 Fixing things on a large scale starts with the individual and those around us 0 All of us as citizens need to involve ourselves with the community We are too dependent on the services of others goodscommodities 0 We are proxy holders 0 Our main economic practice is designating economic practice to others 0 When we have problems we ask others to solve it for us When we pay for socks we are hiring a sweatshop worker thousands of miles away 0 It is the same process as hiring our neighbor to mow the lawn 0 We keep hiring sweatshops because without them we would need to live in self sufficient communities These communities are full of hardships Sentimental capitalism justifies violent means with good ends that are always in the future 0 Sweatshop workers suffer violence to produce our goods 0 They are earning more than before still very little still marginal lifestyle but more than in the past 0 rising tide raises all boats Critiques o Efficiencyreplacing workers 0 Innovative technology to replace workers 0 Unfortunately less people make money even if it is marginal 0 Competition destroys itself 0 The best company buys out the other companies
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