Interpersonal Communication Chapter 1
Interpersonal Communication Chapter 1 Com 102-02
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by elodie453 on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Com 102-02 at La Salle University taught by Dr. Katie Dunleavy in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Interpersonal communication in Journalism and Mass Communications at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 09/09/15
Chapter 1 Foundations of Interpersonal Communication Key Terms Ambiguity The condition in which a message or relationship may be interpreted as having more than one meaning Asynchronous Communication Communication in Which the individuals send and receive messages at different times as in email communication Channel The vehicle or medium through which signals are sent for example the vocal auditory channel Choice Points Moments when you have to make a choice as to whom you communicate with what you say what you don t say how you phrase what you say and so on Competence Language competence is a speaker s ability to use language it is a knowledge of the elements and rues of the language Communication competence generally refers both to the knowledge of communication and also to the ability to engage in communication effectively Complementary Relationship A relationship in which the behavior of one person serves as the stimulus for the complementary behavior of the other in complementary relationships behavioral differences are maximized Content Dimension Two aspects to which messages may refer the world external to both speaker and listener content and the connections existing between the individuals who are interacting relationship Context The physical psychological social and temporal environment in which communication takes place Decoding Is the process of extracting a message from a code Encoding Is the process of putting a message into a code Ethics The branch of philosophy that helps deals with the rightness or wrongness of actions the study of moral values in communication the morality of message behavior Feedback Information that is given back to the source FeedforwardInformation that is sent before a regular message telling the listener something about what is to follow Inevitability A principle of communication holding that communication cannot be avoided Interpersonal Communication Communication between two persons or among a small group of persons of distinguished from public or mass communication Irreversibility A principle of communication holding that communication cannot be reversed Messages Any signal of combination of signals that serves as a stimulus for a receiver Metamessages A message that makes reference to another message such as Did I make myself clear or That s a lie Mindfulness A state of awareness in which you are conscious of the logic and rationality of your behaviors and of the logical connections existing among elements Mindlessness A lack of conscious awareness of the logic or reasons behind your thoughts or behaviors Noise Anything that interferes with your receiving a message as the source intended the message to be received Punctuation The tendency to divide communication transactions into sequences of stimuli and response Relationship Dimension The dimension of message that comments on the relationship between the speakers rather than on matters external to them Research A systematic process of discovering an answer to a question SourceReceiver A communication term that emphasizes that both functions are performed by each individual in an interpersonal message Symmetrical Relationship A relationship between two or more persons in which one person s behavior serves as a stimulus for the same type of behavior in the other person Synchronous Communication Communication that takes place in real time sending and receiving take place at the same time Theory A general statement or principle applicable to related phenomena Transactional Perspective A view of communication as an ongoing process in which all elements are interdependent and in uence one another Unrepeatability A characteristic of communication referring to the fact that all communication acts are unique and can never be repeated exactly The Nature of Interpersonal Communication Personal Notes 0 Interpersonal communication is the communication that takes place between people who are in some way connected 0 Interpersonal communication is often extended to include small intimate groups 0 Interdependent What one person does has an impact on the other person The actions of one person have consequences for the other person 0 Interpersonal communication takes place within a relationship it impacts the relationship it defines the relationship 0 The way you communicate is determined in great part by the kind of relationship that exist between you and the other person 0 Interpersonal communication exist along a continuum that ranges from relatively impersonal to highly personal 0 Interpersonal interaction involves the exchange of both verbal and nonverbal messages 0 Even silence sends interpersonal messages 0 In some situations the nonverbal communication accounts for more than 90 percent of the meaning of any message 0 Interpersonal Communication takes place in varied forms such as face to face and over some kind of computer network such as texting or Facebook 0 Some of these forms are synchronous they allow you to communicate in real time 0 Other forms are largely asynchronous they do not take place in real time 0 Interpersonal messages are result of choices you make 0 Choice points moments when you have to make a choice as to who you communicate with what you say what you don t say how you phrase what you want to say and so on Class Room Notes Elements of IPC 0 Source Receiver you are receiving a message you are also giving one 0 Encoding process of created the message 0 Decoding interpreting the message 0 People created message so you can decode them 0 Messages So many ways we can send messages 0 Channel How the messages send Examples snapchat Twitter Facebook texting 0 Different Channels are really affective for somethings but not others 0 Noise 0 Physical gets in the way of the process 0 Physiological something that gets in the body that gets away in the process O Psychological 0 Semantic language base noise not speaking the same language 0 Context 0 Physical 0 Temporal time 0 Social Psychological Roles that one plays 0 Cultural 0 Ethics IPC as Relational Impersonal 0 Social Roles server and customer 0 Social Rules rules established by relationship 0 Social Messages you exchange messages in a narrow range of topics Interpersonal 0 Personal Info you interact largely on the basis of personal roles 0 Personal Rules Interact according to rules established throughout relationship 0 Personal Messages you exchange messages in a broad range of topics IPC and Mediated Communication 0 Sender is clear vs Anonymity ImpressionFalse Identity 0 Receivers are limited vs False sense of Interpersonality 0 Synchronous vs Asynchronous 0 Multiple Channels vs Limited Channels 0 Ephemeral vs Permanent Principles of IPC 0 IPC is purposeful learn relate in uence play and help negatives hurt blackmail etc 0 IPC is ambiguous doesn t always have a clear cut view 0 IP relationships can be symmetrical or complementary 0 IPC is a series of punctuated events Indicators of beginnings and endings Everybody sees the beginning and endings different IPC is inevitable You cannot not communicate Anything that we say or do is potential communication Good intentions don t matter IPC is irreversible 0 IPC is unrepeatable 0 IPC has content and relationship dimensions Content actual words or facial expression Relationship Dimensions What else is in the message that tells us how to interoperate the messages 0 IPC is a process of adjustment to have a better understanding of cultural
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