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Week 1 notes

by: Priddy Notetaker

Week 1 notes EH 115

Priddy Notetaker
GPA 3.62
Ancient Greece Rome
Victoria McAlister

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About this Document

Here are the notes on Mesopotamia
Ancient Greece Rome
Victoria McAlister
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Priddy Notetaker on Wednesday September 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to EH 115 at Southeast Missouri State University taught by Victoria McAlister in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Ancient Greece Rome in History at Southeast Missouri State University.


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Date Created: 09/09/15
Week One 0 Mesopotamia When did History begin 0 When things started being written down Issues How do we know what we know 0 Copied and Edited original meaning may be lost 0 Not much is written and is selective who s point of view is it from Some things will be biased 0 Not many diaries from the common people 0 Things are written by the elite politicians religious leaders etc Excavations physical and written artifacts E g papyrus scrolls Tablets and Inscriptions o Rosetta Stone Located in the British Museum London I First look into deciphering hieroglyphics I Greek hieroglyphics demotic I Discovered by Napoleon s army What is Civilization 0 The state of being civilized the act of civilizing Civilization of mankind by the spontaneous origin among tribes of savages of the various arts of life one by one I How they organize hierarchy rules Six basic characteristics of Civilizations 0 Urban focus of cities become focus of development Distinct religious structure New political and military structures A cocial structure based on economic power Development of writing 0 New form of artistic and intellectual activity 0 Indus River India 0 Yellow River China 0 Nile River Egypt 0 Tigris and Euphrates Rivers 0 Supe River Peru 0 Central Asia 0 Water 0 Agriculture 0 Reliable rain fall 0 People started cooperating to survive Mesopotamia o The land between the rivers o The Fertile Crescent 35003000 BC Between Tigris and Euphrates World s first urban civilization They relied on ooding in order to deposit fertile soil onto the land They started arti cial irrigation Different jobs starts emerging I Farmers I Tool workers I Scribes I Religious leaders I Blacksmith I Metal worker I Carpenter I Etc Religious leaders their job was to keep the gods happy 0 The center of the citystate was the temple 0 Religious leaders had political roles Theocracy Government run by religion Invention of writing Cuneiform c 34003200 BC 0 Not everyone could read and write Many cultures started emerging o Sumerians o Akkadians o Babylonians o Assyrians Different cultures came from different migrations o Sumerians are credited with discovering Mesopotamia and writing 0 Akkadians were military based 0 Babylonians had a king that was more important that the religious leaders Epic of Gilgamesh 0 Story of Gilgamesh and Enkidu 0 Flood tablet tells part of the story 0 c 700600 BC 0 Found in Northern Iraq by George Smith These gave us insight into their society 0 Scribes and schools that included females 0 Translations 0 Mathematics I Multiplication I Division I Geometry I 3600 circle Code of Hammurabi the first written code of laws 0 c 17921750 BC OOOOO 0 Where did his authority come from I Divine authority or kingship 0 King of the Babylonians o Messenger of the gods 0 Epics 0 Give us a record of their lives 0 Shows how societies conduct themselves 0 Shows how they interact with each other


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