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Chapter 4 Notes

by: Haleigh Siple

Chapter 4 Notes BIO 120

Haleigh Siple
GPA 3.3
General Biology

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About this Document

Chapter 4 notes and important terms. Use along with Chapter 2, and 3 notes for Quiz #2
General Biology
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haleigh Siple on Thursday September 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIO 120 at Grand Valley State University taught by Rybczynski in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 121 views. For similar materials see General Biology in Biological Sciences at Grand Valley State University.


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Date Created: 09/10/15
Bio 120 Sept 10 Chapter Notes Chapter 4 Notes Carbon and the Molecular diversity of Life Section 41 Organic Chemistry the study of compounds containing carbon Stanley Miller concluded that organic molecules molecules containing carbon could occur spontaneously under conditions previously believed to have only existed on Earth millions of years ago Carbon has the ability of form four bonds creating great diversity Section 42 Carbon has 6 Electrons Two in the inner shell Four in a Valence Shell Hydrocarbons organic molecules that contain only carbon and hydrogen Hydrocarbons are hydrophobic repel water and release large amounts of energy When they undergo a reaction Isomers compounds With the same number of atoms of the same elements With different arrangement structure Isomers have different properties due to their different shape Cistrans Isomers formerly Geometric Isomers carbons atoms With similar covalent bonds to the same atoms yet they differ in their arrangement due to the rigidity of double bonds Enantiomer compounds that are mirror images of one another due to an asymmetric carbon one that is attached to different atoms Section 43 Functional groups Chemical groups involved in chemical reactions Each functional group has different properties and reacts in a different way Adenosine Triphosphate ATP consists of an organic molecule called adenosine attached to a string of phosphate groups ATP stores the potential to react With water to release energy usable by cells Bio 120 Sept 10 Chapter Notes


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