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Chp 4 Book Outline

by: Claire Conrad

Chp 4 Book Outline BSC 118

Claire Conrad
Honors General Biology I
No professor available

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Honors General Biology I
No professor available
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Claire Conrad on Thursday September 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BSC 118 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by a professor in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Honors General Biology I in Biological Sciences at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

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Popular in Biological Sciences


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Date Created: 09/10/15
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Carbon accounts for the large variety of biological molecules and the ability to form molecules that are large complex and varied Organic Chemistry the study of organic compounds or compounds containing carbon 0 carbon s ability to form 4 bondsatomic building blocks leads to variation and diversity of molecules and organisms in life 0 Bonding carbon usually bonds 1x or 2x electron configuration gives its covalent compatibility with many different elements valences are the basis for rules of covalent bonding g g is a Noun 4 IN V the Formation of 80068 MAI Methane CH4 4 single bonds to another atom tetrahedral Ethane 02H6 1 tetrahedral group of singlebonded atoms EtheneEthylene C2H4 2 carbon atoms joined by 2x bond all atoms on same plane flat molecule 0 Hydrocarbons organic molecules consisting of only C amp H undergo reactions that release lots of energy think petroleum fat molecules have long hydrocarbon tails at end don t dissolve in water because hydrophobic o lsomers compounds with same of atoms of an element but different structures and properties Structural lsomers differ in covalent arrangements how the carbons are pacedin a line V shape CisTrans lsomers differ in spatial arrangements inflexible because of 2x bonds cis isomer X s on same side trans isomer X s opposite each other Enantiomers mirror images but differ in shape because of asymmetric carbon carbon is attached to 4 different groups think left handright hand versions only certain ones will fight together left hand won t fit into a right hand glove type of deal usually only one isomer is biologically active because it is the formation that can bond to specific molecules in an organism important in pharmacy different between advi and albuterol or congestioncrankmeth 0 Functional Groups participate in chemical reactions in a characteristic way main REACTIVE groups hydroxyl carbonyl carboxyl amino sulfhydryl phosphate non reactive but recognizable group methyl adenosine triphosphate stores the potential to react with water reaction releases energy used by cells quot 39 1 v V a i um 9239 Whom MuOMmemHm Mumtmnw meme L Munch MWmmmma 39M39MWWW cummam n 39 mmmmm cquot Waw wmmmmlmu H E Mm Mts mm A WWWd MumwMtWUm MWMIMdW oquot m quot 1 gn m39 39mquot im a u u Wwn lt moon o u hm mummluungm quot l I I 39 P quot35quot l CWWMWK quot 0 Amuwmdwmm m2 Wammbouaduoom J Affectsmemwmo m Icu Wmm N i W dwmm c WWWCW r H mmm 39 n CuANER Cuhmndduuokulu Diversityde


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