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Chapter 3 The Neurological Bases of Human Movement

by: Delia Navarro

Chapter 3 The Neurological Bases of Human Movement KIN 2332

Marketplace > University of Texas at El Paso > Kinesiology > KIN 2332 > Chapter 3 The Neurological Bases of Human Movement
Delia Navarro
GPA 3.65
Motor learning and control

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This are notes for week three.
Motor learning and control
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Delia Navarro on Thursday September 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to KIN 2332 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by BOYLE, JASON B in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Motor learning and control in Kinesiology at University of Texas at El Paso.


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Date Created: 09/10/15
Motor Learning and Control Notes Chapter 3 The Neurological Bases of Human Movement September 10 2015 0 Movement involves entire human organism 0 Brain 0 Receptors o Senses o Muscles Interplay of the nerves 0 Coordination The Communication of Information Cellular Bases Nervous system divisions 0 Central Nervous System Brain and Spine 0 Peripheral Nervous System 0 Cells of the Nervous System 0 Neurons cell body dendrites axons gt Neurons o Sensory Pathways Afferent pathway going to spinal cord from skin 0 Motor Neurons Efferent pathway leaving spinal cord to the muscles 0 lnterneurons Primary Roles Internally localized gt Neural Impulse transmission of signal Action Potential gt Synapse Two neurons never touch 0 Synaptic cleft releases of neurotransmitters gt Synaptic transmission neurotransmitters o Acetylcholine GBA norepinephrine epinephrine dopamine serotonin and glutamate Perception Process of interpretation meaning and orientation Two perceptual systems 0 Somatosensory System 0 Visual System 1 Somatosensory System a Receptors Cutaneous Proprioceptors b Kinesthetic system kinesthesis awareness knowing where we are in space c Muscle Spindles state of contraction of a muscle d Golgi tendon organ GTO monitors tension on tendons e Vestibular apparatus global senses of body s movement deals with balance Cutaneous Receptors Found I epidermis or dermis f Types of receptors i Pressure touch ii Heat and Cold iii Pain iv Chemical Stimuli 2 Visual Perception Information about external world a Eyes ione source of information i Photoreceptors Rods Cones H Fovea l Focal visual system Consciously perceived and controlled 0 Neural tracts from the fovea l Ambient visual system not under conscious control 0 Information about location of objects 0 Neural pathways from retina39s periphery The Brain LThe brain stem sensory information from somatosensory aConnects spinal cord with upper brain LControls essential autonomic functions Medula Regulation of respiration blood pressure and heart rate Pons quotCrossoverquot of information a Integration of signals from lower boy b Afferent signals from vestibular apparatus 2 Cerebellum contains over half of all the brains neurons a Routing of neural messages b Planning and evaluating of motor activities coordination of motor activities c Learning of motor skills d Coordination of Cognitive function timing e online comparison of what you want to do and what you actually do 3 Cerebrum Makes up majority of the brain a Two large hemispheres b Basal ganglia collection of cells connected to sensory and motor areas of cerebral cortex i Planning and execution of motor skills ii Controlling motor set iii Coordination of voluntary movements 4 Hippocampus storage of short term memory a Consolidation of memories into permanent stores 5 Cerebral Cortex layers of outer gray matter of cerebral hemispheres a Highest center of brain activity b 4 lobes i Occipital To see ii Temporal hearing language reading understanding iii Parietal iv Frontal Makes us us where the drama is 6 Somatosensory Cortex a Width is proportional to sensitivity of body part mirror ne and gross motor skills b Homunculus 7 Motor Cortex a Skeletal muscle contraction


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