Notes - Week One
Notes - Week One Psych 430
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Lerer on Thursday September 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 430 at James Madison University taught by Shutty in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 95 views. For similar materials see Clinical Psychology in Psychlogy at James Madison University.
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I had to miss class because of a doctors appointment and these notes were a LIFESAVER
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Date Created: 09/10/15
Clinical Psvchology 932015 The essence of is the interpersonal interaction that is planned and confiding and emotionally toned It has a goal to relieve the sufferer s distress disability and maladaptive patterns and to provide some new habits andor coping skills Use two chairs inkblots and MMPI to find the relative weaknesses and strengths of people Advice Suggestions and Interpretations I Why so many psych books nowadays life has gotten more complicated there is more complex roles more technologies I Issues people have nowadays loverelationships careers health parenting appearance selfesteem addiction spirituality psychiatric disorders basically problembased things and copingbased things O 1 out of 20 meet dx criteria for depression 0 1 in 6 will meet dx criteria for depression during their lifetime 0 Depression 4th leading contributor of Global Burden of Disease World Health Org predicted that it could be 2 in a few years 0 As many as a 14 in 12 months could be diagnosed with anxiety in our age groups 0 Simple phobias is 1 disorder in adults Social phobia is 2 Depression is 3 I Rates of depression in Amish community vs 100 miles away in Baltimore Baltimore had higher rates of depression Point prevalence rates there were 1 10 to 15 of the prevalence rates found for Baltimore Conclusion Urban life is more complicated there are more demands Additionally people in a community that is not based on simple choices have more to think of and considerworry about 0 Happiness is declining his explanation we are all so connected that none of us shine The social comparison field has gotten huge so we have no way of standing out 0 50 of first marriages 60 of second marriages but if you have been married less than 5 years then the divorce rate is 67 I Instant gratification when the going gets rough that s when you start looking I Attitude changes I Pull towards maximizing the opportunities shoppingmode I Envy probably was useful to motivate our ancestors to strive for what others could obtain Now few of us can achieve the goals that envy sets for us I Evolutionary demands who owes us and who we owe favors to I Life is a series of traumas and crises so it is expected that people feel lost or sun out of resources etc but most people become unstuck themselves 0 Hans Eysenck 1952 spontaneous recovery rate 72 of people got better without treatment 0 Other studies find the SRR to be slower more of a range of 30 72 39 30 reported by Bergin 1971 O Psychologists step in when they get stuck and can t recover on their own 0 Exacerbating course above and below threshold up and down Finding Psychotherapy 0 Types of treatment ie ooding for fear of loud noises O of treatments 1000 0 Conclusion there could infinite numbers because as long as you can sell it there s a new therapy 0 Smith Glass and Miller 1980 Metaanalysis of 475 TX studies two groups one got treatment other did not Found Psychotherapy works 0 80 improvement across all studies 0 No clear advantage for any particular TX approach regression rates were different but not statistically significantly different 0 The kinds of studies we want to do is look at a particular diagnostic groupsubgroup and compare a particular treatment with a controlled no treatmentplacebo group We want specificfocused studies 0 Placebo group recovery rates 50 70 Bergin 1971 Waitlist control subjects in randomized group designs 0 Common denominator focus is on the person you The interpersonal element 0 Most prescribed psychoactive drugs placebo response if actually better 5097 than receiving the drug 2116 shows that the impact of receiving help expectation of help is an active ingredient in treatments 0 Amount of variance contributing to psychotherapy outcome Nonspecific error 15 Treatment approach 1 5 Therapeutic relationships 30 Patient and life factors 40 0 Single 39 iance