week one notes
week one notes SOC 113
Popular in Multi-Cultural America
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Notetaker on Thursday September 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 113 at Brigham Young University taught by Dr. Kristie Phillips in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Multi-Cultural America in General Science at Brigham Young University.
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Date Created: 09/10/15
Sociology Week One 98 910 98 15 Structures of Inequality A huge in uence of where we end up is where our parents are at 0 We all have choice but our sphere of choice can be limited by environment connections etc Racism very complex and contextual UNDERSTANDING THE SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE We never really understand just how different we are quotMuch of what we believe to be reality is but a re ection of our socially determined interestsquot quotThe social world is a mystery deepened by our lack of awareness of itquot Sociology is a breakoff of Philosophy Emile Durkheim considered the father of sociology Social Process when something about being in a group affects a decisionaction Groups are different from a collection of individuals Groups matter in forming individual behavior Sociology is Systematic and scienti c study of social phenomena Social phenomena are informed by tested theories and histories of thought Social research is about probability Sociology is NOT Opinions Political persuasion facts based on feelings quotTruthquot based on emotions Social Capital The connections we have in society parents Our situation is very dependent on things around us out of our control Inequality The nancial wealth of the United States is mostly controlled by a very small percentage of the total population The wealthy are getting richer at the expense of others US has the highest income inequality among wealthy nations When compared to other af uent countries the US has low wages at the bottom of the distribution People at the bottom of the income distribution work more days and longer hours for less relative to other wealthy nations CONSEQUENCES Inequality is Expensive Crime and incarceration increase as inequality increases Violence is greater in unequal societies Health is worse in unequal societies also have best health care paradox is because of limited access Income Inequality leads to other forms of inequality ie Happiness Trust and Cooperation is lower in unequal societies LDS PERSPECTIVE 3 Nephi 61214 Alma 4612 Alma 1616 Inequality is a major theme throughout the Book of Mormon Pride Cycle l Prosper l Sel sh l Separate the people It s not that having abundance is bad rather it s where our heart is how much value and pride we put on our wealth 91015 AMERICAN DREAM What is it Being rewarded for your efforts no caste system Hard work and determination can pay off Fluidity of classes Opportunity more than just what you were born into People can choose their own destiny Where you started is not necessarily where you have to end up What is the Foundation of the American Dream Founding Fathers wanted to break free from control Less government intrusion freedom from aristocrats Revolution l basic freedoms l felt they could be who they wanted How does Inequality affect the American Dream There is still a system even with the American Dream Where you come from who you are still in uences opportunity There are still structures that limit people MAX WEBER Protestant Work Ethic Calvinism and Protestant reformation Absence of assurance of salvation from religious authorities foreordination signs of salvation Lack of selfcon dence lack of faith Selfcon dence takes place of grace of God Worldly Success Measure of selfcon dence indication of status with God Weber39s Paradox Individuals religiously compelled to follow secular vocation with as much zeal as possible 0 Evidence of this was in the accumulation of money Problems Forbade any traditional method of actually using surplus money Lavish purchases were considered sinful Donations to the church were limited Donations to the poor were frowned upon Furthured beggary and laziness Not working failure to glorify God These people are already not saved How is Weber39s Paradox Resolved SAVE IT Investments buy more land expand capitalism Capitalism is closely tied to Protestants CORE VALUES Selfsufficiency Zeal lnnovann Hard Work Make best of Circumstance lndividuals engage in capitalistic endeavors not only to make a living but because it would test their inner resources and af rm their moral worth Ultimately the point of the spirit of capitalism is to attribute moral signi cance to entrepreneurial activity and lend meaning to the existence of wealth More money Signi cance Many core values of America come from English Protestantism Aceticism discipline hard work accumulation can be seen in the core values of America These values have been used as a yardstick to see if ethnic immigrants quotmeasure upquot 0 Not deemed efficienthardworking l targets of prejudicial beliefs and discriminatory practices o What standards do we measure by yardstick based rationals The American Dream DOES exist however there have been barriers put up to limit who can access it Structural Barriers Some people can access the American Dream better than others 0 Ex lntergenerational wealth or de cit FUNDS OF KNOWLEDGE quotVictims of racism are created in the image of racistsquot Malcolm X 0 Criminal image is projected onto the victim 0 People in the powerful group have power over the portrayal of other groups quotvictors write the historyquot 0 Some actions can be deemed differently depending on your group ldeas of Segregation still in uence us today even if the law is physically gone We often measure other groupscultures against our own Often by what people say you know more about them than who they are talking about De nes who they notice and what they nd importantprioritize WORLDVIEW The perspective from which one seesinterprets the world 0 Does this in uence our observations assumptions judgements decisions interactions 0 How Why 0 Why is it important to understand Our perspective is in uenced by our environment how we are raised 0 This effects how we see thingswhat we think Privilege something that gives us advantage that we usually take for granted 0 Ex Education Gap I Starts off small but grows over time To understand we need to ask questions rather than assume
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