Psychology of Adolescence Week 1
Psychology of Adolescence Week 1 Psy 332
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katerina Patrinos on Thursday September 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 332 at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater taught by Dr. Fruiht in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 133 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Adolescence in Psychlogy at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater.
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The content was detailed, clear, and very well organized. Will definitely be coming back to Katerina for help in class!
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Date Created: 09/10/15
Psychology of Adolescence Psych 332 91015 713 PM What does it mean to be an adolescent 0 Age 0 12191025 Biology going through or recently out of puberty 0 Changing body Social status living situation 0 At home with family Nonfamily relationships friends dating Cognitive changes Emotional changes History of Adolescence o Are kids and adolescents just miniature adults 0 Just miniature humans that are small Idea that adolescence was no different then childhood or adulthood Plato 0 Big difference between childhood and adolescence is cognitive When your reasoning changes 0 Adolescents are able to reason children are not Counting candy in a bag at store Rousseau o Adolescents grow less self centered and more other focused as they reach the later teens o Adolescents are a time when they start thinking about other people and their feelings 0 Seeing adolescents give back to their community ex G Stanley Hall 0 Adolescence is a time of storm and stress 0 1930 s view that adolescence is terrible everything is changing Storm and Stress o G Stanley Hall father of the scientific study of adolescence 0 Storm and stress view halls concept that adolescence is a turbulent time charged with conflict and mood swings o Characterized by conflict instability and oscillation between extremes Have a tendency to stretch things to a scale 0 But that should worth studying Interactionist view 0 Adolescence is a social historical phenomena that happens in and as a result of context 0 Lead to social consideration of adolescent development 0 Said that some of that storm and stress come from society 0 Storm stress and stereotypes o Teenager are irresponsible Cant trust them 0 Teenagers are too promiscuous If we don t crack down on them they will just go have sex with everyone 0 Teenagers are trouble makers Teens make decisions on what they know so older generations view them as trouble makers 0 Beyond Storm and Stress 1999 0 Most adolescents are welladjusted get along with family and peers and grow up into functioning adults 0 Positive youth development 4H what goes right 0 Competence Have something that they are good at 0 Confidence Build esteem 0 Connection Build relationships 0 Character Values that are important to them 0 Caring Think about others What is Developmental Psychology 0 Development is about change as we get older 0 Can be good or bad 0 Change happens across the lifespan Development doesn t end at 18 0 Development is culturally bound 0 Biological Processes 0 Physical changes to the body 0 Cognitive Processes 0 Changes to thinking and intellect Socioemotional Processes 0 Changes in relationships with others emotions and personality Cognitive processes 3 39 V l l l y y r I I When does adolescence Start 0 Childhood to adolescence 0 Biological changes puberty 0 Cognitive changes reasoning o Socioemotional changes independence from parents reliance on peers Early Adolescence 1013 years 0 Middle school and early high school 0 Rapid biological change puberty 0 Increased reliance on peers over parents 0 Middle adolescence 1417 0 High school 0 Rapid cognitive reasoning and planning skills and socio emotional changes longer term friendships plans and identities 0 Risk taking behavior When does Adolescence End 0 Adolescence to adulthood 0 Biological adult body parenthood 0 Cognitive Adult thinking full time job 0 Socioemotional financial independence marriage Development through adolescence Emerging adulthood late adolescence o Posthigh school independent living 0 Sense of inbetweennessquot o Socioemotional changesPseudoindependence trying on of adult roles selffocused getting an education going on trips being yourself History and Foundations Studying developmental psychology 0 Development is about change as we get older 0 Its about change over time 0 Nature or Nurture 0 Nature genetics 0 Nurture environment Its not one or the other Its both 0 Continuous or stage like 0 Are we going to study development in discrete chunks or continuously 0 Hard to describe continuous development without putting them in stages its easier to quantify Early developmentalists Freud 0 Adult personality is based on how resolved psychosexual conflict as young children mostly unconscious 0 Worked with adults who had lots of problems 0 Mind is like an iceberg ID ego superego Super ego is like conscious Angel Id is desire I want I want I want We start to push these desires below the conscious level Ego is the balance Orals39ta gn lnfa nt spleasure centers on themouth sizillllellllmzzl oral stage babies get all gratification by putting things in our mouths anal stage potty training Phallic stage kids realize that boys and girls have different genitals o Girlsboys try to get attention of opposite sex parent Latency stage girls play with girls boys play with boys 0 Genital stage sexual attraction Freud would say these things are more because of nurture instead of nature and he was say things happen stage like in chunks Erikson Development occurs as a result of the successful or unsuccessful resolution of psychosocial conflict throughout life 0 o The way we interact with people in the social setting and how that impacts development 0 Erickson was more nurture Development WWW Despair Generativity vs Stagnation I Infant I Toddler Intimacy vs Isolation I Proschoolcr I Gradeschoolcr dentity vs I Teenager Role Confusion I Young Adult I MiddleageAdult ggetlsgms I OlderAdult Inltlatlve vs Autonomy vs Shame 8 Doubt Trust vs Mistrust F ro39osed byquot Erik Erason Piaget Cognitive development happens as children experiment with the world Says curiosity is what changes development Sensorimotor babies putting everything in their mouth 0 Preoperational playing pretend with different objects Ex same water in different size cups they wont be able to tell it s the same 0 Concrete operational more complexity on thinking 0 Formal operational think abstractly can imagine things in head 0 Piaget would say these are more nature than nurture and still stage like The child begins The child begins to interact to represent with the the world environment symbolically 02 260r7 The adolescent can transcend learns rules the concrete such as think about conservation the future 711 or 2 iZ Adulthood Vygotsky 0 Development happens as a result of social interaction and societal resources 0 Said developmental is continuous because social interactions form cognitions o Developed the zone of proximal development 0 First one to say development doesn t happen in stages and focused on nurture re NW democzww N COOPERATiON TODAY HE CAN Do ALONE Tonomw WEN ccw r oc ZONE Now Lan U1 ZONE 39139quot Va Qtzkx t39 COHFQT CM 00 ZONE NON Skinner and the behaviorists 0 Development is a result of conditioning rewards and punishment 0 Operant conditioning Ex giving a sticker for doing good Goal reinforce behavior so you continue to do that behavior 0 Nurture and continuous Modern Developmentalists Bandura and the Social Learning Theorists 0 Development happens through observation and imitation and the interaction of person and environmental factors 0 Bobo doll experiment watch other people and copy their behavior 0 Bandura would say nature and nurture and development is conUnuous Bronfenbrennor 0 Development occurs in a BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL context 0 He said that a person is born with specific genetics but then is surrounded by the mesosystem where the person interacts with other individuals Then theres the exosystem which is not directly interacting but still have an influenceimpact of you as an individual Then theres the macro system with the cultural customs laws and values 0 Both nature or nurture and continuous Figure 1 Bronfenbrenner s ecological systems theory 0 in Berk amp Roberts 2009 p 28 Nature or Nurture Genotype what DNA says you re suppose to look like Phenotype what shows Even though a persons genes give a blueprint of how your suppose to turn out other things get in the way and environmental actions play a role as well Ex if genes say your suppose to be tall but say you were malnourished and ended up being not as tall and you were suppose to be Something happened in environment that influenced construction 1 r Epigcnetlc View Heredity Environment Heredity Environment Correlation Description Examples Evocotlve The child39s genetic tendencies elicit stimulation from the Ahappy outgoing child elicits smiles and friendly responses from environment that supports a particular trait Thus genes evoke others environmental support l net mm a ring 2 Q A relerrsrrerpeerrvelr E 39 r a i Epiqenetic View your environment changes your biological DNA too o In cases of traumas
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