Golden Apples Ch. 13
Golden Apples Ch. 13 CL 113LEC
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 03/03/16
Golden Apples: Chap 13 “Twelve Labors” of Hercales (Roman Hercules) Eurystheus ordered him to do 12 things 1st: ordered him to bring the skin of the Nemean lion Weapons wont hurt the lion so he choked him After he kills it, he skins it and wears it as a cape 2nd: Ordered him to kill the Lernaean hydra Has nine heads- 8 were mortal and 1 was immortal When one head is cut the two grow back in its place Lolaus helped him by searing the neck after Heracles cut off the head so no more could grow back He chopped off the immortal head and buried it and put a heavy rock on it A huge crab also came to the help of the Hydra by biting his foot After killing it, Heracles dipped his arrows in its venom (making them deadly poisonous) many years later the venom kills him Eurystheus said that this labour should not be reckoned among the 10 because he did not get the head off by himself 3rd: Ordered him to bring the Cerynitian hind alive to Mycenae Hind is located at Oenoe Has golden horns and is sacred to Artemis He captures an incredibly fast deer with golden horns and brought it back to Eurystheus o It took him a year because he didn’t want to kill or wound it Artemis & Apollo caught him but he appeased them and carried the beast alive to Mycenae 4th: Ordered him to bring the Erymanthian boar alive Giant boar that was ravaging the countryside He chased it up a mountain where it lived and drove it into deep snow and trapped it Carried it on his shoulders to Argos 5th: Carry out the dung of the cattle of Augeas in a single day Augeas was king of Elis o Some say he was son of the Sun, son of Poseidon, or son of Phorbas Heracles diverted two rivers through the stables 6th: Chase away the Stymphalian birds These were pets of Ares with brass claws and sharp metallic feathers that they were able to launch at their victims Athena gave him brazen castanets which she had received from Hephaestus o He clashed them on a mountain and scared the birds and they fluttered up in fright allowing him to shoot them 7th: Bring the Cretan bull Some say this was the bull that ferried across Europa for Zeus, or it was the bull that Poseidon sent up from the sea when Minos promised to sacrifice it to Poseidon Caught it by himself and brought it to Eurystheus and let it go free afterwards 8 : Bring the mares of Diomedes the Thracian to Mycenae Diomedes- son of Ares+ Cyrene & King of Bistones He had a herd of flesh eating horses who Heracles tamed by feeding them Diomedes Eurystheus let them go and they came to Mt. Olympus where they were destroyed by wild beasts 9 : Bring the belt of Hippolyte Eurystheus’ daughter Admete wanted the belt Hippolyte was queen of the Amazons o Tribe warrior of women who only dealt with men when they felt like having babies o They either killed or got rid of any male children that came along and only raised the females After Heracles asked for her belt she agreed, but deceived him and tries to fight him o He kills her before sailing away with her belt 10 : Ordered to fetch the kine of Geryon from Erythia Island was inhabited by Geryon –son of Chrysaor by Callirrhoe, daughter of the Ocean o He had the body of 3 men grown together joined in one at the waist o 3 heads, 3 sets of legs o Lives in West, end of earth Owned a red kine (Eurytion was the herdsman and Orthus the two headed hound was the watch dog) Two pillars of Heracles- split 1 mountain into 2 o Has to kill the herdsman and the guard dog Geryon comes to fight him but Heracles defeats him with his club Tyrrhenians called the bull ‘italus’ Hera afflicted the cows with a gadfly and they dispersed among the skirts of the mountain of Thrace o Eurystheus sacrificed the kine that Heracles captured to Hera It took 8 years and 1 month to perform the 10 labours th He ordered Hercules an 11 labour th 11 : Fetch the Golden Apples from the Hesperides Golden apples were presented by Gaea to Zeus after his marriage with Hera o They are guarded by an immortal dragon with 100 heads o Offspring of Typhon and Echidna Nymphs= Hesperides o They represent the sunset After Hercules takes the apples to Eurystheus, Athena returns the golden fruit to the Hesperides Hercules held up the world while Atlas got the apples o The Nymphs had given him 3 apples 12 : Bring Cerberus from Hades Cerberus has 3 heads of a dog, the tail of a dragon, and has heads of all sorts of snakes on his back o Guards the gates of the underworld Hercules comes across Theseus and frees him from the underworld Before going to the underworld he went to Eumolpus at Eleusis to be initiated as the adoptive son of Pylius Pluto said he could take the animal without use of weapons o He lifted the dog up and brought him to earth, the king did not want the dog anymore so he made him take the dog back Demeter turned Ascalaphus into a short-eared owl