CL 113 Lecture 15 3/2/16
CL 113 Lecture 15 3/2/16 CL 113LEC
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 03/03/16
Lecture 15: March 2 Athena Warrior figure Beautiful- portrayed in the story of Peleus & Thetis Musician- plays the aulos (flute) o She throws it away bc it made her face wrinkly o It is found by a creature- Satyr Roman equivalent- Minerva Skilled at spinning and weaving Peleus & Thetis Achilles is their son Their wedding is the biggest event of the year Eris Deity/goddess of strife She gets bored at Peleus & Thetis’ wedding o Carved the word Caliste “for the most beautiful” on an apple and throws it into the middle of the dining table- 3 goddesses claim it o Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite each think that she is the most beautiful o They appeal to Zeus but he wont decide Paris Trojan prince At the moment of the wedding he is a Sheppard- on Mt. Ida He will make the choice about the goddesses Hermes takes them to Paris The Judgment of Paris Known as this by Homer Each of the contestants offer a bribe to the judge o Athena: says she will make him victorious in battle o Hera: says he will be king/receive the gift of sovereignty o Aphrodite: says she will give him the gift of earthly pleasure- give him the most beautiful mortal woman Paris chooses Aphrodite Helen The mortal woman Aphrodite offers to Paris But the problem is she has a husband who is the king of Sparta- Menelaus Leads to the Trojan war- bring back Helen Hera- 1 function: bribe of sovereignty nd Athena- 2 function: bribe of warrior success rd Aphrodite- 3 function: bribe of sensuality/fertility Satyr Woodlen creature- part human part animal Known as being fauni figures (Roman) Finds the discarded Aulos Marsyas Satyr who finds aulos Becomes famous Apollo hears of him- he plays the lyre He challenges Apollo to a musical contest They bet on something but don’t tell each other what they bet Muses judged the contest As the contest progresses, Apollo thinks he might be in trouble/losing Round 2: play instruments upside down Apollo wins that round Apollo now gets Marsyas’ skin as the wager So he dies a painful death Arachne From Lydia o Famed for purple cloth Says she’s just as good at spinning/weaving as Athena Athena disguises herself as an old woman and tells Arachne to repent on her pride and she will forgive her o Arachne wants a contest not forgiveness Contest- Arachne and Athena Athena weaves a beautiful tapestry Arachne weaves a tapestry depicting Olympians’ affairs with mortals o Perfect tapestry Athena tears up Arachne’s tapestry with fury Starts beating her with a shuttle- instrument used to weave Arachne doesn’t want a slow death so she tries to hang herself o Transforms her into a spider o Spiders weave webs Hermes God of roads/journeys/travelers & shepherds/herders/flocks, God of merchants, & god of thieves Monument with his head on it at crossroads o Travelers put offerings at the base of the monuments (pebbles, wine, etc) Associated with fertility Herds/flocks translate into wealth in a mercantile economy o Also God of merchants/money makings o Not always honest God of Thieves Zeus + Maia= his parents She is the daughter of the giant named Atlas Maia- Hermes mom (Nymph) Hermes leaves the cave he was born in on the first day of his life He finds a tortoise From the Tortoise shell he makes a string instrument- the lyre Homeric Hymn to Hermes Travels north of Greece and encounters cattle Contracts sandals so that no one can track him by his footprint Steals cattle that belong to Apollo o Offers them as sacrifices to gods on Mt. Olympus o Hermes denies everything Gods appeal to Zeus- he says to give the cattle back but Hermes already killed 2 so o They give Apollo the lyre Hermes transports souls to Hades Hermes + Aphrodite= Hermaphroditus Nymphs raise him- Naiads o Nymph of flowing water Comes upon a refreshing pool of water and sees a nymph that lives in the pool next to him o Her name is: Salmacis Admires Hermaphroditus o He wants her to go away so she does When Salmacis sees him disrobe she swims to him and grabs onto him o She asks the gods to let them never be separated The Gods fused the two bodies- male/female into one Apollo Son of Leto +Zeus Paean ‘healer’- the name for Apollo that shows up in the Mycenaean tablets Roman equivalent- adopt Greek Apollo Often called Apollo Medicus- Apollo the healer Both healer and destroyer
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