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Rest of Chapter 4 and Chapter 1

by: Aimee Kalczuk

Rest of Chapter 4 and Chapter 1 HDF 247

Marketplace > Central Michigan University > Human Development > HDF 247 > Rest of Chapter 4 and Chapter 1
Aimee Kalczuk
GPA 3.8
Intro to Gerontology
Ko, Han-Jung

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About this Document

Here are the rest of the Chapter 4 notes we covered on Wednesday as well as the notes for Chapter 1.
Intro to Gerontology
Ko, Han-Jung
Class Notes
Gerontology, Intro to Gerontology, central michigan university, HDF 247, cmu
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aimee Kalczuk on Friday September 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDF 247 at Central Michigan University taught by Ko, Han-Jung in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Intro to Gerontology in Human Development at Central Michigan University.

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Date Created: 09/11/15
Rest of Chapter 4 we nished on Wednesday 0 The global aging trend over the past 400 years has seen increased income and lifespan in virtually every country In Europe Russia Australia North America Southern South America and Southeast Asia the population aged 65 and older has grown radically In Africa the growth is not as much but still rising By 2030 the older adult population will be large everywhere but some parts of Africa though it will still grow there as well 0 Attitudes towards aging are not suited to the rise of the aging population The community environment is largely suited for young people with families suburbs are farther away from the city with not enough public transportation The retirement age is designed for people who did not live as long in the past nowadays people may live 15 years after they retire and may want to continue to work Financial concerns with so many people using social security for so long after they have retired Health care societal systems and attitudes towards aging must change to be appropriate for the elderly as well as the younger population Chapter 1 The Field of Social Gerontology What is gerontology What is the difference between age changes and age differences A cohort and a generation Ageism How has gerontology changed over time o is the scienti c study of aging started by Elie Metchnikoff in 1904 It is both biological and psychological Social aspects are studied as social gerontology Some topics include family relationships health retirement public policy services and applied gerontology In the past successful aging was seen as minimizing disability and reducing pain Nowadays it is seen as attaining high physical and psychological functioning by participating in social and physical activities When experiencing physical limitations Set and achieve goals Judge yourself kindly for aging successfully despite limitations How do we de ne old age Chronological The number of years after one s birth Depends on average lifespan 50 can be old in a poorer country while it is still young in a more developed country Functional How well one can perform his or her daily activities Relates to bilological functioning as well as appearance Social The roles one has in society Ex A 60yearold is generally a grandparent but a 40yearold can be a grandparent too although they are not chronologically old Subjective The age you feel quotYou are only as old as you feelquot Age changes more personal how an individual feels relates more to a single person and how they feel they have changed over time Age differences More collective relates to a group how a certain group has aged or how they are different agewise than other groups Cohort A group who experiences the same events at the same time in development a group who is born around the same era More related to experiences Generation Similar to a cohort but relates more to a family than a group of people ie grandparent parent child grandchild Cohort by generation Swing Turn of the century 19001920 Silent Great Depression WWII 19271945 Baby Boomers Post WWII high birth rate 19461964 Baby Bust Before Boomers are parents lull in birthrate 19651976 Echo Boomers Babies of the Baby Boomers increased birth rate 19771994 Millennials Turn of the new century 19952010 Differences between cohorts Racial gender ethnicity life expectancy family size and composition social structure and change is discrimination andor prejudice against older adults stereotypes of aging Misconceptions can be positive and idealize old age whereas others can be negative such as that older adults are useless and frail Positive stereotypes Welltodo political force wide patient helpful with grandchildren Negative stereotypes Poor frail cranky lazy


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