Week 3 Notes
Week 3 Notes ANTH-E 200
Popular in SOCIAL & CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by cgfornefeld on Friday September 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH-E 200 at Indiana University taught by Prof. Susan Seizer in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 80 views. For similar materials see SOCIAL & CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Indiana University.
Reviews for Week 3 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/11/15
Week 3 Notes Guest Ch 2 Pas 3339 lntro Richard Gere Kissed and famous Indian celebritybig shocker for the culture and certain religious groups regarding sexuality and immodesty Culture provides and arena where ideas about how to behave are challengedenforceddebated on 0 Culture encompasses people s entire way of life System of knowledge beliefs patterns of behavior artifacts institutions that are created learned and shared by a group of people shapes ideas of what s normal and natural most people think it as a re ned culture Example Opera arts 0 Enculturation process of learning culture formal and informal culture is taught and learned Culture educationstarts at homethen social groups Cultures happen as a groupalways changingalways debated about religion medical stuff government policies etc o Anthropologists believe in core concepts that exist in cultures 1 Norms vary in every culture exampe marriagesarranged same ethnic group norms still inform and enforce much of our behavior 2 Values fundamental beliefs about what is important makes a good life true right and beautiful guides people s behavior exampe in USA independence freedom privacy security etc cultura tools for clarifying cultural goals 3 Symbols something that stands for something elseSymbolic actions example thumbs up wave nod middle nger convey meaning many nonverbal cross money ags bibles etc Probems arise with crosscultural miscues example personal space sexuality gestures 4 Mental Maps of Reality cultural classi cations of what kinds of people and things exist and the assignment of meaning to those classi cations organize experiences and help sort what they mean Functions 1 To classify reality example the creation of the concept of timecultural construct Problem people treat cultural differences as being scienti cally or biologically natural Example Race Endogamy marry inside group Exogamy marry outside of group cross cousinsparallel cousins 2 Assign meaning to what has been classi ed Example Life span when to marry drink vote retire etc Can cause disregard to cultural values of others example time is money in USA People who take midday naps and close businesseslazy Cultural Relativism understand a group s beliefs and practices with in their own cultural context without making judgments hard to study when cultural acts don t match own but anthropologists have been raising hard questions about human rights 0 Concept of culture has been important in anthropology since Edward Taylor 18321917 crafted his own de nition In uenced by Darwin 0 Unilineal Cultural Evolution theory purposed that all cultures naturally evolve through same sequence of stages from simple to complexcultural evolution 0 Historical Particularism Franz Boas cultures develop in speci c ways because of unique histories a Must study histories to see how a culture developed 0 Structural Functionalism framework positing that each element of society serves as a particular function to keep the entire system in equilibrium focuses narrowly on the culture at hand lnterpretivist Approach framework that sees culture as a symbolic system of deep meaning Exampe Geertz quotwink and eye twitchquot Exampe cock ghts in Bali
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'