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March 3, 2016 Lecture

by: Emily Beasley

March 3, 2016 Lecture HIST 112 009

Emily Beasley
GPA 3.775
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This is the notes on what was covered in class on March 3, 2016.
United States History since 1865
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Beasley on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 112 009 at University of South Carolina taught by Foxworth in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see United States History since 1865 in History at University of South Carolina.


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Date Created: 03/03/16
World War II Class began with this video: (World War II: Crash Course World  History #38)  Before the War  US was neutral  Hitler was offered Sudetenland if he agreed to leave Czechoslovakia alone (appeasement) o He accepted but then took Czechoslovakia anyway  Hitler invades Poland (Sept. 1939) o Starts war between Germany and Britain/France  Italy enters war (June 1040) and France is captured by Axis forces End of Neutrality  1937 Congress passes Neutrality Act o They prohibited the US from loaning and selling war supplies to countries in the war  1939 Neutrality Act is repealed to allow Cash­and­ Carry  o Nations could pay cash for non­military supplies but had to transport them in their own ships  1940 Selective Service Act o 1  peacetime draft o Black and white men were drafted into war  Separate platoons for blacks and whites   1941 Lend­Lease Act  o British would get arms without cash but had to pay back US after the war  1941 Atlantic Charter signed between US and Britain  o Pledged US and Britain to free trade in the Atlantic with the right of national self­ determination  1941 Many volunteer for army after Pearl Harbor  War mobilization stops the economic depression despite deficit spending Double V Campaign  “Victory over our enemies at home and victory over our enemies on the battlefields abroad”  Blacks were fighting racial supremacy overseas but it was still occurring in America  Executive Order 8802­ Randolph wanted integrated workforce in defense industries; o Threatened with marches on Washington  There was unequal pay for blacks Japanese Americans  1940 Alien registration act­ all noncitizen adults must register with the government  1941 Pearl Harbor Attack o Roosevelt issues proclamation 2525  Restricts Japanese residents from travelling  Authorizes raids and arrests on Japanese in US  1942 Executive Order 9066  o Military exclusion zones o Removal of “dangerous persons”   1942 War Relocation Authority o Evacuates and removes 110,000 people with Japanese ancestry  o 10 camps across the US o People with Japanese ancestry forced to take “Loyalty Questionnaires”  Determined threat level The War Continues  1944 D­Day o Allied forces secured beach in France o Destroyed German defenses  1944 Allies recapture Paris  1945 Yalta Conference o Big Three Allies: Britain, US, Soviet Union  Created UN for international peacekeeping   Main leaders die o 4/12/1945 FDR o 4/28/1945 Mussolini o 4/14/1945 Hitler  1945 Germany surrenders End of the War with Japan  1945 US drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima o Paul Tibbets in b29 drops it  1945 Soviet Union declares war on Japan  1945 US drops second bomb on Magasaki  1945 Japan surrendered Cold War  1945 Postdam conference o Big Three attended o Decided to demilitarize Germany and divide it into 4 zones with allied occupation o Nuremberg trials  Tried the 22 Nazi soldiers in high power for the Holocaust o Tension between US and USSR (Previously Soviet Union) o Fall of Iron Curtain in parts of Europe under USSR control o China: Communist oust Nationalists o Cold War begins


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