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PY 101 Chapter 7 Notes

by: Emily Paige Montgomery

PY 101 Chapter 7 Notes PY 101 - Intro to Psychology

Emily Paige Montgomery
GPA 4.0

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Chapter 7 notes and powerpoint
PY 101 - Intro to Psychology
Evan Kennedy
Class Notes
university of alabama, UA, PY, PY 101, Psychology, detailed notes, week of notes, 4.0
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This 18 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Paige Montgomery on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PY 101 - Intro to Psychology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Evan Kennedy in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see PY 101 - Intro to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

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Date Created: 03/03/16
Chapter 7: Attention and Memory Feb. 18, 2016 I. Memory  Memory: capacity to acquire and retain skills and knowledge  Can be incomplete, biased, and distorted II. The Processing of Information  Encoding  Storage  Retrieval  Like a computer III. Memories and the Brain  Lashley’s Mice: Equipotentiality ­ He would teach the mice to run a maze ­ Then take out a part of the mice’s brain ­ Then found that the mice did not do as well ­ He found that we use all parts of our brain that contribute to how we process memory  Long­term potentiation  Temporal Lobes and Hippocampus IV. Consolidation  Have to reconsolidate every time  Memories change over time because we unpack and repack a memory every time  Tetris vs. PTSD V. Memories over time  Three Stages: ­ Sensory Memory o Perceptual traces o 1/3 of a second (how long we long we retain something) ­ Short­term (Working) Memory o 7+/­2 (how much stuff we can hold) o Chunking ­ Long­Term Memory o Primacy and recency o Repeated, deep, and useful info VI. Memory Storage  Storage is based on meaning  Maintenance rehearsal vs. elaborative rehearsal  Levels of Processing Model ­ More elaboration = richer memory VII. Schemas and Networks  Schemas: Perception, organization, and processing  Shaped by culture  Network of Associations: semantic links ­ Spreading activation – association  ­ See slide 8 VIII. Strategies  Retrieval Cues ­ Context­dependent memory ­ Mnemonics IX. Forgetting  Helps sort and use info ­ PTSD (the inability to forget) and Persistence ­ Method of Savings ­ Transience, blocking, and absentmindedness X. Memory Distortion  Bias: tend to recall past beliefs as consistent with current beliefs  Cast yourself in favorable roles XI. Flashbulb Memories  Where were you on 9/11? ­ Can be distorted just like other memories ­ Increased confidence does not equal increased accuracy XII. Source Misattribution  Misremembering circumstances of a memory ­ Source amnesia: where did you learn that? ­ Cryptomnesia: believe memories are original  XIII. Suggestibility  Memories biased by misleading information  Can implant memories of nonexistent objects  Wording of questions can alter memories XIV. False Memories  False information can distort or implant memories  No difference between real and imagined  Children are particularly susceptible Psychological Science Chapter 7 Memory •  Memory: Capacity to acquire and retain skills and knowledge •  Can be incomplete, biased, and distorted The Processing of Informa▯on •  Three phases: – Encoding – Storage – Retrieval Memories and the Brain •  Lashley’s Mice: Equipoten▯ality •  Long-Term Poten▯a▯on •  Temporal Lobes & Hippocampus Consolidation •Have to reconsolidate every ▯me –  Memories changing over ▯me •Tetris vs. PTSD Memories Over Time •  Three Stages: –  Sensory memory •  Perceptual traces •  1/3 of a second –  Short-term (working) memory •  7+/- 2 •  Chunking –  Long-term memory •  Primacy & Recency •  Repeated, deep, and useful info Memory Storage •  Storage is based on meaning •  Maintenance rehearsal vs. elabora▯ve rehearsal •  Levels of Processing Model –  More elabora▯on = richer memory Schemas & Networks •  Schemas: Percep▯on, organiza▯on, & processing •  Shaped by culture •  Network of Associa▯ons: seman▯c links –Spreading ac▯va▯on Strategies • Retrieval Cues – Context-Dependent Memory – Mnemonics Forge▯ng •  Helps sort and use info –PTSD and Persistence •  Method of Savings •  Transience, blocking, and absentmindedness Memory Distor▯on •  Bias: Tend to recall past beliefs as consistent with current beliefs –Cast yourself in favorable roles Flashbulb Memories •  Where were you on 9/11? – Can be distorted just like other memories – Increased confidence ≠ increased accuracy Source Misa▯ribu▯on •  Misremembering circumstances of a memory – Source amnesia: Where did you learn that? – Cryptomnesia: Believe memories are original Sugges▯bility •  Memories biased by misleading informa▯on •  Can implant memories of nonexistent objects •  Wording of ques▯ons can alter memories False Memories •  False info can distort or implant memories •  No difference between real and imagined •  Children are par▯cularly suscep▯ble sour candy sugar bi▯er good taste tooth nice honey soda chocolate heart cake tart pie


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