New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

HY 104 Week 8 Notes

by: Emily Paige Montgomery

HY 104 Week 8 Notes HY 104

Emily Paige Montgomery
GPA 4.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

History 104 week 8 detailed notes
American Civ Since 1865
Dr. Kari Frederickson
Class Notes
HY, HY 104, American Civ, history, UA, university of alabama, Frederickson, Week 8, week, detailed notes, 4.0
25 ?




Popular in American Civ Since 1865

Popular in History

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Paige Montgomery on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Kari Frederickson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see American Civ Since 1865 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


Reviews for HY 104 Week 8 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/03/16
HY 104 3/7/2016 Postwar Backlash and the Reactionary 1920s I. Economic reconversion ­ See March 2 Notes II. Labor unrest ­ See March 2 Notes III. “Red Scare” a. Why is there a fear of a radical menace? b. Attornery General A. Mitchell Palmer and the Palmer c. Immigration Restriction (Discussed on March 7, 2016) i. If this country is in danger, it is because we let in so many immigrants ii. National Origins Act: a set total of 164,000/year (no more); 2% of 1890 census ­ Designed to cut back on the number of foreigners accepted per year ­ Try to control who gets to come to United States ­ Who is considered a “safe immigrant’? ­ No Japanese whatsoever ­ Chinese had been excluded since 1882 ­ Who gets to come over depends on the 1890 census ­ Cuts back on not only the number of people, but the type of people d. Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti ­ Two Italian immigrants accused of murder ­ Sacco was a security guard and a shoe cutter and labor organizer ­ Vanzetti was a fish peddler ­ Both were anarchists­ political radicals ­ In 1920 they are accused of murder and their evidence was shaky. All the police could  go off of was eye witness ­ Convicted on their politics not so much their evidence ­ This is seen as a political trial ­ There are fundraisers for their defense, walks, tries to get a pardon, etc. ­ They were executed in the electric chair ­ Later, Vanzetti was in fact, innocent IV. Prohibition ­ Also tied to fear of immigrants (if we take away their alcohol, maybe they will be less of a  threat) ­ Becomes part of the constitution  a. Why did people support it? ­ To eliminate corruption b. Role of World War I? ­ It is the war that finally pushes prohibition into effect ­ In war, using grain to make alcohol did not seem like a good use of materials ­ People worried about servicemen drinking  ­ Huge failure c. Eighteenth Amendment ratified in 1919, goes into effect January 1920 d. Problem of enforcement ­ Impossible to enforce ­ It is very easy to get access to alcohol ­ Cuba was a huge alcohol importer ­ A lot of opportunity for illegal work (smuggling) ­ Not highly trained enforcement agents ­ The punishment wasn’t even that bad ­ There were many ways to get alcohol, other than by smuggling: you could get it from  the doctor. Every patient was allowed one quart of whiskey a month ­ People bribe doctors  ­ People made their own lethal alcohol (wood alcohol­ 90% alcohol) ­ People drank antifreeze, hair tonic, patent medicine (opium) ­ There were places where alcohol was a way of life ­ Eventually repealed because the Congress can gain money by taxing liquor V. Rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan ­ Flourished in the 1920 ­ Reorganized in 1915 ­ William Joseph Simons: wants it to be like a fraternal organization; he brought the KKK  back up ­ It soon became more than a “fraternal organization” ­ Simons and friends climb Stone Mountain:  i. A confederate carving is at the top ii. They light a fiery cross iii. A white, Christian fraternity iv. They use Protestant Christian ideals to “execute” people v. KKK harassed people who tried to keep men from enlisting: They did this with the  approval of the Justice ­ Simons expands his organization by hiring Public Relations people and advertising ­ They tell him: there are a lot of Americans who hates drinking, Catholics, and etc., so the  Klan should expand to believe those ideals ­ In Alabama, the Klan becomes highly popular. It is no shame in the Mid­1920s. It was a  way to get elected ­ In Alabama, the worry was how women were acting – smoking and straying from their  gender roles ­ If a woman has an affair, a Klan would visit you ­ The Klan would terrorize women in the night if they thought the women were acting  immorally. They would pull women from their house, strip them, and beat them with  whatever they could find ­ The Alabama Klan targeted women who were selling alcohol out of their house ­ The Klan reaches its peak in the 1920s; it had about 5 million members ­ A lot of the members were hypocrites (some support prohibition but were alcoholics) ­ Trial and conviction of C.C. Stevenson a. Why did it prosper? The 1920s: The Era of Prosperity I. Election of 1920: ­ Warren G. Harding (Republican) ­ A desire to elect and anti­Wilson ­ Harding was very different than Wilson ­ Harding is from the state of Ohio ­ Harding was a very friendly, likeable person; he has very few enemies ­ Easily controlled by party leader ­ Not a man of ideas ­ Not a crusader  ­ “He just looked like a president” ­ A “man’s man” ­ They asked Harding if there was anything in his past that would come back to haunt him in  the future of the campaign; he thought about it…he was having an affair but he thought  “well, that’s in my present not my past” so he does not say anything ­ He does have a child in office, out of wedlock ­ Front porch campaign ­ He did not campaign because he was not very smart  ­ He wins by a landslide II. Presidencies Harding and Calvin Coolidge ­ Coolidge succeeds Harding ­ Compare their political ideas to Progressives ­ Harding, Coolidge, Hoover supported a rather “small” government ­ Believe government should stay out of business ­ Governments role is to make sure business runs smoothly ­ Business taxes should be cut, tariffs should be high (protects American business) ­ “The business of America is business” – Coolidge III. Was this an era of prosperity? How accurate is that characterization? ­ Americans stop fighting, stop reforming and just live (characterization of prosperity) ­ It was in fact a prosperous time ­ The economy grew ­ People working in factories saw in increase of 20% in outcome ­ Inflation is generally low ­ The cost of goods/services stay about the same ­ Unemployment was fairly low ­ Most everyone’s income was rising IV. Who/what was responsible for prosperity in the 1920s? What were the consequences?  See March 9 Notes a. Pro­business Republican policies ­ Andrew Mellon, Secretary of the Treasury ­ Cut taxes for the wealthy, businesses, and inheritance  ­ Revenue Act of 1926 authored by Mellon ­ Cuts taxes of the wealthiest Americans hoping they will reinvest their money, which  they do not b. Technology ­ See March 9 Notes c. Improved marketing and advertising ­ See March 9 Notes HY 104 3/9/2016 The 1920s: The Era of Prosperity I. Election of 1920: Warren G. Harding (Republican) ­ See March 7 Notes II. Presidencies of Harding and Calvin Coolidge ­ See March 7 Notes III. Was this an era of prosperity? How accurate is that characterization? ­ See March 7 Notes IV. Who/what was responsible for prosperity in the 1920s? What were the consequences?  It let to a “dove­tailing”  By handing poor people money, it is harming them and their ability to work  Christian Theology was used for salesmanship a. Pro­business Republican Policies 1) Andrew Mellon, Secretary of Treasury 2) Revenue Act of 1926 ­ See March 7 Notes b. Technology ­ Promoted prosperity ­ Mass production techniques ­ Assembly lines c. Improved marketing and advertising ­ Promoted prosperity ­ Muckrakers began working for advertising agencies ­ “Keep up with the Jones’” 1. Advertising becomes much more personable and colorful 2. Advertising used to only focus on the product and what it could do, but advertising  now focused on people and their desires 3. Advertising was seductive 4. In the refrigerator advert #2, the refrigerator is full 5. Listerine advert #1: very factual 6. Listerine advert #2: does not even show the product­ it tells a story below the image.  This ad suggested to be social acceptable, one needed good breath 7. Advertising was playing on people’s insecurities d. Credit ­ Credit Sales ­ Buying things on layaway ­ Or, actual use of credit cards ­ One way to move things off the shelf was by forcing demand, but now there is a credit  card ­ This was important when it came to buying automobiles ­ Consequences come with credit 1. Eventually, you max out your credit card 2. So now the money you make is not going to buying new things but to paying off a  credit card balance


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.