week 7 notes
week 7 notes POLS 331
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Smart on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 331 at California State University Chico taught by Daniel Blair in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Intro to Political Inquiry in Political Science at California State University Chico.
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Date Created: 03/03/16
POLS 331 & 331 Tuesday, February 23, 2016 12:28 PM Facts about Dan!!! Dan's least favorite food is Celery Dan wears a size 13 Causality Social Research is very often interested in casual effects In order to make a valid casual claim, the following criteria must be satisfied: 1 Empirical association 2 Temporal ordering 3 Nonspuriousness (valid) 4 Identifying a casual mechanism 5 Specifying the context in which effect occurs Criteria for Accessing Causality In order to say that there is an empirical association, there needs to be a relationship between two or more variables such that: Changes in one variable is associated with changes in the other variable Or The particular attribute of one or a set of variables is associated with the particular attributes of the other "Correlation is NOT Causation" Temporal Ordering The cause must be prior to , or at least simultaneous with the affect. The cause and effect must be in spatial contact or connected by a chain of intermediate things in contact Nonspuriousness The empirical association must be genuine, i.e., it can't be caused by some other third, or inventing, variable
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