Psych 2300 Notes for HW #3
Psych 2300 Notes for HW #3 PSYCH 2300 - 0010
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This page Class Notes was uploaded by Carolyn Kwon on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 2300 - 0010 at Ohio State University taught by Seth Miller in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Research Methods in Psychology in Psychlogy at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 03/03/16
Homework 3 due Friday March 4 Leading questions there is a difference in meaning between the two wordings ie framing with a positive connotation vs negative connotation Doublebarreled questions ask two questions in one they have poor construct validity because the item could measure the first construct the second construct or both Careful researchers would have asked each question separately Negatively worded questions make survey items unnecessarily complicated response sets aka nondifferentiation are a type of shortcut respondents can take when answering survey questions ie especially towards the end of a long questionnaire responders might adopt a consistent way of thinking instead of thinking carefully about each question Acquiescence aka yeasaying common response set that occurs when people say yes or strongly agree to every item Fence sitting another specific response set occurs when people play it safe by answering in the middle of the scale especially when the items are controversial What is useful for reducing or eliminating the use of response sets in a long survey including reverseworded items would have more construct validity against acquiescence take away the neutral option only 4 choices available not 5 against fence sitting use a forcedchoice format in which people must pick one of two answers Observer bias when observers expectations influence their interpretation of the participants behaviors or the outcome of the study Observer effects or expectancy effects phenomenon that occurs when observers change the behavior of those they are observing the participants behavior are swayed by the observer How to reduce observer bias Train observers well Create clear rating scales called codebooks Use masked design or blind design in which observers are unaware of the conditions to which participants have been assigned and are unaware of what the study is about Example of Clever Hans man taught horse how to do arithmetic math but turns out the horse was picking up on subtle cues from observers and questioners