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Music History: 14th C French Music

by: Summer Notetaker

Music History: 14th C French Music Music 1406

Marketplace > East Carolina University > Music 1406 > Music History 14th C French Music
Summer Notetaker
GPA 3.7

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About this Document

Music History notes covering 14th C French Music Week of March 1st-4th
Music History and Literature
Dr. Nelson
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Summer Notetaker on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Music 1406 at East Carolina University taught by Dr. Nelson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views.


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Date Created: 03/03/16
Music History 14 c French Music Historical background Papal court at Avigon Music Ars Subtilior: “the subtler manner” Complex music Hidden messages and riddles Rhythm Polyphony; different rhythms and meters 5 against 7 Expansion of Franconian principals Division of note values Long- mode (modus) Breve- time (tempus) Semibreve- prolation (prolatio) Triple division- perfect (major) Duple division- imperfect (minor) Notation: musica ficta “false music” 2 reasons created leading tone avoid tri-tones Notes were raised or lowered by half step in performances but not usually notated Italian notation th Pomerium (1318) by Marchetto of Padua describes 13 c Italian notation Semibreves were grouped between dots Musical instruments Any combination of voices and instruments Instruments may have doubled the voice in cantilenas style Cantilena – songlike, homophonic Instrument categories -haut (high or loud shawms, cornets, brass instruments, and percussion; large events -bas (low or soft) included stringed instruments and softer wind instruments; small events Italian 14 century music Background: Politics; Italy not a unified state Music; squarcialupi codex (c1420) th 14 c Madrigal secular song type early 14 c declined in late 14 century love, pastural topics 3 line stanzas followed by a ritornello (closing pair of line) strophic; most in 3 voices, some in 2 Caccia- “chase” Cannon at unison, includes untexted tenor Ballata- song to accompany dancing (plural: ballate) Mostly after 1365 Boccacio’s Decameron; associated with dance Dante: also mentioned in association with dance Similar to French virelai (rather than ballade) Francesco Landini (1325-1397) Born in Florence Italy Blind since boyhood Poet Virtuoso on organetto Musical style only secular music Ballate rd Landini cadence: “under 3 cadence” Upper voice descends to 6 before leaping a 3 to the resolution While tenor descends by step th Late 14 c Italian style Background: 1377 papal court veturns to Rome Northern influence Renaissance “rebirth” Renewed interest in classical Greek and Roman cultures Other eras renew interest in antiquity Application of Ancient Greek Theory to Polyphony Modes- church modes modeled upon ancient Greek modes Ethos Counterpoint Temperament Various temperaments in use Pythagorean temperament Mean tone temrdrament (just tuning) Pure 3 Equal temperament Equal distance between intervals All intervals slightly impure Humanism; rededication to human rather than spiritual values Renaissance began in Italy


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